How to format your references using the Current Hypertension Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Hypertension Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Power SB. Climate science: Expulsion from history. Nature. 2014;511:38–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mescher MC, De Moraes CM. Plant biology: Pass the ammunition. Nature. 2014;510:221–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jeffery WR, Strickler AG, Yamamoto Y. Migratory neural crest-like cells form body pigmentation in a urochordate embryo. Nature. 2004;431:696–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Millgate AG, Pogson BJ, Wilson IW, Kutchan TM, Zenk MH, Gerlach WL, et al. Analgesia: morphine-pathway block in top1 poppies. Nature. 2004;431:413–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sauter M. From GSM to LTE-Advanced. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Tanaka M. Computational Biomechanics: Theoretical Background and Biological/Biomedical Problems. Wada S, Nakamura M, editors. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Toivonen M. Social Innovations—Manifested in New Services and in New System Level Interactions. In: Kijima K, editor. Service Systems Science. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015. p. 83–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Hypertension Reports.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Tech Giants Form Artificial Intelligence Supergroup, But Not Everyone’s In [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Continue to Invest in Smart Card Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-948.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Olson BA. Problem Management: A System Engineering Management Framework [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Carter DT. What Donald Trump Owes George Wallace. New York Times. 2016 Jan 8;SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Hypertension Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Hypertens. Rep.
ISSN (print)1522-6417
ISSN (online)1534-3111
ScopeInternal Medicine

Other styles