How to format your references using the Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.C. O’Reilly, Biologically based computational models of high-level cognition, Science. 314 (2006) 91–94.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Gault, S. Huttner, A cat’s cradle for policy, Nature. 455 (2008) 462–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
O. Emile, A. Le Floch, F. Vollrath, Biopolymers: shape memory in spider draglines, Nature. 440 (2006) 621.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Law, D.J. Sirbuly, J.C. Johnson, J. Goldberger, R.J. Saykally, P. Yang, Nanoribbon waveguides for subwavelength photonics integration, Science. 305 (2004) 1269–1273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.R. Petrucelli, Detecting Fraud in Organizations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
D.A. Dornfeld, ed., Green Manufacturing: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Berg-Yuen, P. Krokhmal, R. Murphey, A. Kammerdiner, Characterization of the Operator Cognitive State Using Response Times During Semiautonomous Weapon Task Assignment, in: A. Sorokin, R. Murphey, M.T. Thai, P.M. Pardalos (Eds.), Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundations, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids.

Blog post
E. Andrew, To Avoid Mantids, Stinkbugs Evolved To Hide In Plain Sight, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Savings Possible by Buying Automatic Data Processing Equipment or by Leasing It From Commercial Leasing Firms, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Stevenson, A change for the future: Presidents and deans real and ideal leadership practices at community and junior colleges in Mississippi, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, They Call Us Monsters, New York Times. (2017) C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
AbbreviationJ. Non Cryst. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-3093
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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