How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder, E. (2001). Moving rhythms. Nature, 410(6830), 755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huber, C., & Wächtershäuser, G. (2006). alpha-Hydroxy and alpha-amino acids under possible Hadean, volcanic origin-of-life conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 630–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa, H. I., Chang, C. J., & Long, J. R. (2010). A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature, 464(7293), 1329–1333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dekel, A., Birnboim, Y., Engel, G., Freundlich, J., Goerdt, T., Mumcuoglu, M., Neistein, E., Pichon, C., Teyssier, R., & Zinger, E. (2009). Cold streams in early massive hot haloes as the main mode of galaxy formation. Nature, 457(7228), 451–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Griffin, P. M., Nembhard, H. B., DeFlitch, C. J., Bastian, N. D., Kang, H., & Muñoz, D. A. (2015). Healthcare Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nijholt, A. (Ed.). (2014). Playful User Interfaces: Interfaces that Invite Social and Physical Interaction. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sujetovienė, G. (2015). Monitoring Lichen as Indicators of Atmospheric Quality. In D. K. Upreti, P. K. Divakar, V. Shukla, & R. Bajpai (Eds.), Recent Advances in Lichenology: Modern Methods and Approaches in Biomonitoring and Bioprospection, Volume 1 (pp. 87–118). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 10). Will AI Ever Understand Human Emotions? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Desktop Outsourcing: Positive Results Reported, but Analyses Could Be Strengthened (GAO-02-329). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holliday, S. (2010). A case study of how DuPont reduced its environment footprint: The role of organizational change in sustainability [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zraick, K., & Gladstone, R. (2016, January 20). Prisoner Swap With Iran Doesn’t Necessarily Mean Iran Gets Anyone. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marder, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Huber & Wächtershäuser, 2006; Marder, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huber & Wächtershäuser, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Karunadasa et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dekel et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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