How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elgersma, Y. (2015). Neurodevelopmental disease: A molecular tightrope. Nature, 526(7571), 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Serebrov, V., & Pyle, A. M. (2004). Periodic cycles of RNA unwinding and pausing by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase. Nature, 430(6998), 476–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Tao, H. W., & Poo, M.-M. (2003). Reversal and stabilization of synaptic modifications in a developing visual system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1953–1957.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, D., Kong, L., Fan, P., Chen, H., Zhu, S., Liu, W., Cao, L., Sun, Y., Du, S., Schneeloch, J., Zhong, R., Gu, G., Fu, L., Ding, H., & Gao, H.-J. (2018). Evidence for Majorana bound states in an iron-based superconductor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 362(6412), 333–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, P. G., & Chan, T. (2011). The Chinese Yuan. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Westin, C.-F., Vilanova, A., & Burgeth, B. (Eds.). (2014). Visualization and Processing of Tensors and Higher Order Descriptors for Multi-Valued Data. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tamin, M. N., & Shaffiar, N. M. (2014). Mechanics of Solder Materials. In N. M. Shaffiar (Ed.), Solder Joint Reliability Assessment: Finite Element Simulation Methodology (pp. 45–73). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 29). How To Watch Rosetta’s Tearful Goodbye At Comet 67P Today. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Aviation and the Environment: NextGen and Research and Development Are Keys to Reducing Emissions and Their Impact on Health and Climate (GAO-08-706T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, K. E. (2012). The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J. (2012, October 26). ‘The Perfect Team for Brooklynland.’ New York Times, MM58.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elgersma, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Elgersma, 2015; Serebrov & Pyle, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Serebrov & Pyle, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhou et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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