How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
James, R. D. (2015). Materials science: Magnetic alloys break the rules. Nature, 521(7552), 298–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pérez-Gussinyé, M., & Watts, A. B. (2005). The long-term strength of Europe and its implications for plate-forming processes. Nature, 436(7049), 381–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiono, M., Matsugaki, N., & Takeda, K. (2005). Phytochemistry: structure of the blue cornflower pigment. Nature, 436(7052), 791.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Loh, W., Yegnanarayanan, S., Ram, R. J., & Juodawlkis, P. W. (2014). A nonlinear optoelectronic filter for electronic signal processing. Scientific Reports, 4, 3613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adámek, J. (1991). Foundations of Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sauvaud, J.-A., & Němeček, Z. (Eds.). (2005). Multiscale Processes in the Earth’s Magnetosphere: From Interball to Cluster (Vol. 178). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwata, H., & Shimada, K. (2013). Practice of Designing Cosmetics Formulations. In K. Shimada (Ed.), Formulas, Ingredients and Production of Cosmetics: Technology of Skin- and Hair-Care Products in Japan (pp. 113–217). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, November 29). The New £5 Note Contains Animal Fat – And Vegetarians Are Furious. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services (HEHS-95-8). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyer, C. (2017). Advocacy Services for College Students With Disabilities: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998, August 2). A Life Spent In the Past, Of a Fashion. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (James, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (James, 2015; Pérez-Gussinyé & Watts, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pérez-Gussinyé & Watts, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Shiono et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Loh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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