How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rahmstorf, S. (2002). Ocean circulation and climate during the past 120,000 years. Nature, 419(6903), 207–214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pellerin, L., & Magistretti, P. J. (2004). Neuroscience. Let there be (NADH) light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5680), 50–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, E. T., Molnar, P., & Bourlès, D. L. (2005). Comment on “Slip-rate measurements on the Karakorum Fault may imply secular variations in fault motion.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739), 1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hussain, S., Rodriguez-Fernandez, M., Braun, G. B., Doyle, F. J., 3rd, & Ruoslahti, E. (2014). Quantity and accessibility for specific targeting of receptors in tumours. Scientific Reports, 4, 5232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McKean, J. (2014). Customer’s New Voice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Takehara, K., Fujimoto, M., & Kuwana, M. (Eds.). (2016). Systemic Sclerosis (1st ed. 2016). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Jeong, E., & Kim, D. (2014). Detecting the Vibration in the Artificial Web Inspired by the Spider. In A. P. del Pobil, E. Chinellato, E. Martinez-Martin, J. Hallam, E. Cervera, & A. Morales (Eds.), From Animals to Animats 13: 13th International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, SAB 2014, Castellón, Spain, July 22-25, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 43–52). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 22). Vultures In Crisis: Poachers And Poison Threaten Nature’s Garbage Disposers. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Education Research: Education Should Improve Assessments of R&D Centers, Regional Labs, and Comprehensive Centers (No. GAO-02-190). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, B. (2012). Forging a New World Nationalism: Ancient Mexico in United States art and visual culture, 1933–1945 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005, November 8). JUSTICES TO RULE ON A CHALLENGE TO U.S. TRIBUNALS. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rahmstorf, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pellerin & Magistretti, 2004; Rahmstorf, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pellerin & Magistretti, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Brown, Molnar, & Bourlès, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hussain, Rodriguez-Fernandez, Braun, Doyle, & Ruoslahti, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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