How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp, S. (2000). What’s in a name? Nature, 408(6808), 33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton, R., & Cyranoski, D. (2000). Baja peninsula claims five victims in tragic accident. Nature, 404(6778), 533.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y. G., Pagani, M., & Liu, Z. (2014). Response to Comment on “A 12-million-year temperature history of the tropical Pacific Ocean.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1467.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ren, M., Yoshimura, Y., Takada, N., Horibe, S., & Komatsu, Y. (2007). Specialized inhibitory synaptic actions between nearby neocortical pyramidal neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 758–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murti, Y., & Vijayan, C. (2014). Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Midgley, W., Davies, A., Oliver, M. E., & Danaher, P. A. (Eds.). (2014). Echoes: Ethics and Issues of Voice in Education Research. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, M. (2011). Review of Existing Solar Wineries. In J. Russell & T. Milanowski (Eds.), Solar Energy in the Winemaking Industry (pp. 241–356). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 8). Brain Scans Reveal Why It Is So Difficult To Recover From Ocd – And Hint At Ways Forward. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Exchange Programs: Observations on International Educational, Cultural, and Training Exchange Programs (T-NSIAD-93-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner, T. (2015). California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2014, August 17). David Furnish Pours Champagne for Las Vegas. New York Times, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton & Cyranoski, 2000; Knapp, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dalton & Cyranoski, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ren et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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