How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S. (2015). Prognosis: Proportionate response. Nature, 528(7582), S124-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Larsen, P. L., & Clarke, C. F. (2002). Extension of life-span in Caenorhabditis elegans by a diet lacking coenzyme Q. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 120–123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bakshy, E., Messing, S., & Adamic, L. A. (2015). Political science. Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6239), 1130–1132.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vacic, V., McCarthy, S., Malhotra, D., Murray, F., Chou, H.-H., Peoples, A., … Sebat, J. (2011). Duplications of the neuropeptide receptor gene VIPR2 confer significant risk for schizophrenia. Nature, 471(7339), 499–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heitz, E., & Kreysa, G. (2005). Grundlagen der Technischen Elektrochemie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Priami, C., Back, R.-J., Petre, I., & Vink, E. de (Eds.). (2011). Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XIII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuijf, H. J., Tax, C. M. W., Zaanen, L. K., Bouvy, W. H., de Bresser, J., Leemans, A., … Vincken, K. L. (2014). The Added Value of Diffusion Tensor Imaging for Automated White Matter Hyperintensity Segmentation. In L. O’Donnell, G. Nedjati-Gilani, Y. Rathi, M. Reisert, & T. Schneider (Eds.), Computational Diffusion MRI: MICCAI Workshop, Boston, MA, USA, September 2014 (pp. 45–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 26). Indonesia Aims To Become The World Leader In Volcanically Generated Electricity. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Education Reform: Initial Effects in Four School Districts (No. PEMD-89-28). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, M. M. (2009). Clinical decision-making and pediatric bipolar disorder (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017, September 27). Protests Start a Dialogue, But About What, Exactly? New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2015; Larsen & Clarke, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Larsen & Clarke, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bakshy, Messing, & Adamic, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vacic et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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