How to format your references using the Psychosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan, M. J. (2015). Planetary science: Preventing stars from eating their young. Nature, 520(7545), 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe, M., & Kondo, S. (2015). Fish pigmentation. Comment on “Local reorganization of xanthophores fine-tunes and colors the striped pattern of zebrafish.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6232), 297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, S. D., McGinness, K. E., & Sauer, R. T. (2003). Structural biology. A glimpse into tmRNA-mediated ribosome rescue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 72–73.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nürnberg, D. J., Morton, J., Santabarbara, S., Telfer, A., Joliot, P., Antonaru, L. A., Ruban, A. V., Cardona, T., Krausz, E., Boussac, A., Fantuzzi, A., & Rutherford, A. W. (2018). Photochemistry beyond the red limit in chlorophyll f-containing photosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6394), 1210–1213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gramß, T., Bornholdt, S., Groß, M., Mitchell, M., & Pellizzari, T. (2005). Non-Standard Computation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Camenisch, J., Fischer-Hübner, S., & Rannenberg, K. (Eds.). (2011). Privacy and Identity Management for Life. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Köhn, H. (2016). Jewish Life in Camps after 1945. Displaced Persons Camps in the US Zone of Germany. In A. Hoppe (Ed.), Catastrophes: Views from Natural and Human Sciences (pp. 63–80). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychosis.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, September 15). Millions Rely On Cheap Cloth Masks That May Provide Little Protection Against Deadly Air Pollution. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1968). Opportunity For Savings By Consolidating Photographic Operations At The John F. Kennedy Space Center And The Air Force Eastern Test Range (B-162902). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K. M. (2008). Meanings of “design” in instructional technology: A conceptual analysis based on the field’s foundational literature [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2015, January 18). Feast of Championships. New York Times, LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duncan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan, 2015; Watanabe & Kondo, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watanabe & Kondo, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Moore et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nürnberg et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychosis
ISSN (print)1752-2439
ISSN (online)1752-2447
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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