How to format your references using the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Harper S. Economic and social implications of aging societies. Science. 2014;346(6209):587-591.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ives AR, Carpenter SR. Stability and diversity of ecosystems. Science. 2007;317(5834):58-62.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kim M, Carman CV, Springer TA. Bidirectional transmembrane signaling by cytoplasmic domain separation in integrins. Science. 2003;301(5640):1720-1725.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhu Y, Zhuang J, Ge X, et al. Identifcation of a novel mutation p.I240T in the FRMD7 gene in a family with congenital nystagmus. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cronin R. Reading Victorian Poetry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Ilaslan H. Pediatric and Adult MRI Atlas of Bone Marrow: Normal Appearances, Variants and Diffuse Disease States. (Sundaram M, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cambria E, Mazzocco T, Hussain A, Durrani T. Switching Between Different Ways to Think. In: Esposito A, Vinciarelli A, Vicsi K, Pelachaud C, Nijholt A, eds. Analysis of Verbal and Nonverbal Communication and Enactment. The Processing Issues: COST 2102 International Conference, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-10, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:56-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. How Plants Can Become Zombies. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-plants-become-zombies/. Published October 22, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Grants Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Berezin S. Catechols as membrane anion transporters. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wilford JN. John Glenn, Hero of the Space Age and a Longtime Senator, Is Dead at 95. New York Times. December 8, 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Am. Board Fam. Med.
ISSN (print)1557-2625
ISSN (online)1558-7118
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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