How to format your references using the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D’Emic MD. Comment on “Evidence for mesothermy in dinosaurs.” Science. 2015;348(6238):982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellars P, French JC. Tenfold population increase in Western Europe at the Neandertal-to-modern human transition. Science. 2011;333(6042):623-627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shin C, Feng Y, Manley JL. Dephosphorylated SRp38 acts as a splicing repressor in response to heat shock. Nature. 2004;427(6974):553-558.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jenkyns HC, Forster A, Schouten S, Sinninghe Damsté JS. High temperatures in the Late Cretaceous Arctic Ocean. Nature. 2004;432(7019):888-892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biswas S, Ray P, Chakrabarti BK. Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
Won C-H, Schrader CB, Michel AN, eds. Advances in Statistical Control, Algebraic Systems Theory, and Dynamic Systems Characteristics: A Tribute to Michael K. Sain. Birkhäuser; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
White AP, Zhu G, Choi J. LPV Control of a Hydraulic Engine Cam Phasing Actuator. In: Zhu G, Choi J, eds. Linear Parameter-Varying Control for Engineering Applications. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer; 2013:79-97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Facebook’s New Data Center in Fort Worth will Give Energy Back to the People of Texas. IFLScience. Published July 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Small Business Involvement in Federal Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephenson JH. Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. U.S. to Face Honduras With a Depleted Roster. New York Times. March 23, 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Am. Board Fam. Med.
ISSN (print)1557-2625
ISSN (online)1558-7118
ScopeFamily Practice
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles