How to format your references using the IET Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johansen, J.P.: ‘Neuroscience: anxiety is the sum of its parts’Nature, 2013, 496, (7444), pp. 174–175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Courseaux, A., Nahon, J.L.: ‘Birth of two chimeric genes in the Hominidae lineage’Science, 2001, 291, (5507), pp. 1293–1297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mani, A., Rahwan, I., Pentland, A.: ‘Inducing peer pressure to promote cooperation’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1735.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mirica, L.M., Vance, M., Rudd, D.J., et al.: ‘Tyrosinase reactivity in a model complex: an alternative hydroxylation mechanism’Science, 2005, 308, (5730), pp. 1890–1892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T.P.: ‘Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement: Ryan/Quality Improvement 3E’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011)
An edited book
Holsboer, F., Ströhle, A. (Eds.): ‘Anxiety and Anxiolytic Drugs’ (Springer, 2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Morgado, C., Leitão, T., Cunha, J.C.: ‘An Approach for Characterizing Group-Based Interactive Environments’, in Lai, C., Giuliani, A., Semeraro, G. (Eds.): ‘Distributed Systems and Applications of Information Filtering and Retrieval: DART 2012: Revised and Invited Papers’ (Springer, 2014), pp. 79–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Communications.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: ‘Mysterious Soviet-Era Biological Weapon Is Finally Identified By Researchers’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Strategic Bombers: Logistics Decisions Impede B-1B Readiness and Supportability’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, D.: ‘Resistance, reluctance, and revelation: Examining faculty perceptions of online learning options at a Faith-Based university’. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B.: ‘Smiling as Syria Burns, Assad Remains Secure in Power and Impunity’New York Times, 2016, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Communications
AbbreviationIET Commun.
ISSN (print)1751-8628
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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