How to format your references using the IET Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mészáros, P.: ‘Gamma-Ray bursts: accumulating afterglow implications, progenitor clues, and prospects’Science, 2001, 291, (5501), pp. 79–84.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye, C., Gay, N.: ‘Epidemiology. Modeling the SARS epidemic’Science, 2003, 300, (5627), pp. 1884–1885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X., Roberti, R., Blobel, G.: ‘Structure of an integral membrane sterol reductase from Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum’Nature, 2015, 517, (7532), pp. 104–107.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Urizar, N.L., Liverman, A.B., Dodds, D.T., et al.: ‘A natural product that lowers cholesterol as an antagonist ligand for FXR’Science, 2002, 296, (5573), pp. 1703–1706.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone, R., Gutiérrez-Albilla, J.D.: ‘A Companion to Luis Buñuel’ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2013)
An edited book
Frick, P.J.: ‘Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Personality and Behavior’ (Springer US, 2010)
A chapter in an edited book
van Dijk, N.H.: ‘Structure Evolution in Materials Studied by Time-Dependent Neutron Scattering’, in Eckold, G., Schober, H., Nagler, S.E. (Eds.): ‘Studying Kinetics with Neutrons: Prospects for Time-Resolved Neutron Scattering’ (Springer, 2010), pp. 101–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Communications.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: ‘New Footage Surfaces Of One Of The Largest Great White Sharks Ever Recorded’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Satellite Control Capabilities: National Policy Could Help Consolidation and Cost Savings’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, H.H.: ‘Social Capital, Academics, and Sense of Belonging among High School Foster Youth’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: ‘Just Answer the Question’New York Times, 2010, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Communications
AbbreviationIET Commun.
ISSN (print)1751-8628
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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