How to format your references using the Field Crops Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Field Crops Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krablin, R., 2015. A risk worth taking. Science 349, 894.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richerson, P.J., Boyd, R., 2008. Migration: an engine for social change. Nature 456, 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goscé, L., Barton, D.A.W., Johansson, A., 2014. Analytical modelling of the spread of disease in confined and crowded spaces. Sci. Rep. 4, 4856.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guthöhrlein, G.R., Keller, M., Hayasaka, K., Lange, W., Walther, H., 2001. A single ion as a nanoscopic probe of an optical field. Nature 414, 49–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, D.F., 2013. Foreign Exchange Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Saranto, K., Castrén, M., Kuusela, T., Hyrynsalmi, S., Ojala, S. (Eds.), 2014. Safe and Secure Cities: 5th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 18-20, 2014. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bigand, E., Delbé, C., 2010. Introducing implicit learning: from the laboratory to the real life, in: Bigand, E. (Ed.), Rethinking Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine: New Technologies Induce New Learning Strategies, Collection de L’Académie Européenne de Médecine de Réadaptation. Springer, Paris, pp. 95–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Field Crops Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Sweden Plans To Become World’s First Fossil Fuel-Free Nation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. FAA Air Traffic Controller Staffing and Related Issues (No. T-RCED-87-42). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, R., 2015. Aging well adult day care center (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Defense, Though Hard to Gauge, Gives Cubs a Clear Edge. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krablin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Krablin, 2015; Richerson and Boyd, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richerson and Boyd, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Guthöhrlein et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleField Crops Research
AbbreviationField Crops Res.
ISSN (print)0378-4290
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

Other styles