How to format your references using the Field Crops Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Field Crops Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance, A., 2015. Micromanagement with light. Nature 528, 291–294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, C.G., Sherman, P.W., 2010. Anciently asexual bdelloid rotifers escape lethal fungal parasites by drying up and blowing away. Science 327, 574–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J.M., Barta, Z., Houston, A.I., 2004. Variation in behaviour promotes cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game. Nature 428, 745–748.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, Q., Wei, C., Zhang, Y., Pang, H., Lu, Q., Gao, F., 2014. Single-crystalline hyperbranched nanostructure of iron hydroxyl phosphate Fe5(PO4)4(OH)3·2H2O for highly selective capture of phosphopeptides. Sci. Rep. 4, 3753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barron, R.F., Barron, B.R., 2011. Design for Thermal Stresses. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Roeser, S., Hillerbrand, R., Sandin, P., Peterson, M. (Eds.), 2013. Essentials of Risk Theory, SpringerBriefs in Philosophy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Schreiber, F.A., Roveri, M., 2015. Sensors and Wireless Sensor Networks as Data Sources: Models and Languages, in: Colace, F., De Santo, M., Moscato, V., Picariello, A., Schreiber, F.A., Tanca, L. (Eds.), Data Management in Pervasive Systems, Data-Centric Systems and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Field Crops Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Bizarre Ostrich-Like Dino Solves 50-Year-Old Mystery [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. NASA Budgets: Gap Between Funding Requirements and Projected Budgets Has Been Reopened (No. NSIAD-95-155BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banuelos, J., 2010. Deficit irrigation of bermudagrass and seashore paspalum for golf course turf (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Roosevelt District Faces An Uncertain Future. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dance, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dance, 2015; Wilson and Sherman, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Sherman, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleField Crops Research
AbbreviationField Crops Res.
ISSN (print)0378-4290
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

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