How to format your references using the Field Crops Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Field Crops Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Casey, B.J., 2002. Neuroscience. Windows into the human brain. Science 296, 1408–1409.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, S.J., Murphy, W.J., 2003. Genomics. A dog’s breakfast? Science 301, 1854–1855.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mizutani, A., Chahl, J.S., Srinivasan, M.V., 2003. Insect behaviour: Motion camouflage in dragonflies. Nature 423, 604.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takaku, Y., Hwang, J.S., Wolf, A., Böttger, A., Shimizu, H., David, C.N., Gojobori, T., 2014. Innexin gap junctions in nerve cells coordinate spontaneous contractile behavior in Hydra polyps. Sci. Rep. 4, 3573.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, J.A., Tasman, A., 2006. Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yang, D., 2013. The Hardy Space H1 with Non-doubling Measures and Their Applications, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kazar, B.M., Celik, M., 2012. Parallel Implementations of Approximate SAR Model Solutions, in: Celik, M. (Ed.), Spatial AutoRegression (SAR) Model: Parameter Estimation Techniques, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 47–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Field Crops Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Gene Therapy Provides Significant Antiviral Results Against HIV [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Aviation Safety: Air Taxis--The Most Accident-Prone Airlines--Need Better Oversight (No. RCED-92-60). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clemons, B.L., 2010. A correlational study of the ventures for excellence interview-rating system and first year teacher evaluations (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S., 2014. Comic Relief. New York Times MM23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Casey, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Casey, 2002; O’Brien and Murphy, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Murphy, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Takaku et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleField Crops Research
AbbreviationField Crops Res.
ISSN (print)0378-4290
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

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