How to format your references using the Field Crops Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Field Crops Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips, R., 2013. In retrospect: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Nature 504, 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benkovic, S.J., Hammes-Schiffer, S., 2003. A perspective on enzyme catalysis. Science 301, 1196–1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kovács, Á.M., Téglás, E., Endress, A.D., 2010. The social sense: susceptibility to others’ beliefs in human infants and adults. Science 330, 1830–1834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X.Q., Ullah, H., Jones, A.M., Assmann, S.M., 2001. G protein regulation of ion channels and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. Science 292, 2070–2072.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov, B.M., 2010. Cluster Processes in Gases and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Zhang, L., Chan, M. (Eds.), 2016. Tunneling Field Effect Transistor Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Farooq, U., Marrakchi, Z., Mehrez, H., 2012. Tree-Based Application Specific Inflexible FPGA, in: Marrakchi, Z., Mehrez, H. (Eds.), Tree-Based Heterogeneous FPGA Architectures: Application Specific Exploration and Optimization. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 123–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Field Crops Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Trailer For New Stephen Hawking Biopic Will Make You Cry [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Space Based Infrared System High Program and its Alternative (No. GAO-07-1088R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, M., 2015. Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. The Amazin’ Mets’ Wives on the Brink in 1969. New York Times C34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Phillips, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Benkovic and Hammes-Schiffer, 2003; Phillips, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benkovic and Hammes-Schiffer, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleField Crops Research
AbbreviationField Crops Res.
ISSN (print)0378-4290
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

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