How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lui, A. T. Y. (2009). Comment on “Tail reconnection triggering substorm onset.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5933), 1391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kidd, D. C., & Castano, E. (2013). Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 377–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ledderose, J., Dieter, S., & Schwarz, M. K. (2013). Maturation of postnatally generated olfactory bulb granule cells depends on functional γ-protocadherin expression. Scientific Reports, 3, 1514.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gu, L., Livenere, J. E., Zhu, G., Tumkur, T. U., Hu, H., Cortes, C. L., Jacob, Z., Prokes, S. M., & Noginov, M. A. (2014). Angular distribution of emission from hyperbolic metamaterials. Scientific Reports, 4, 7327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Omura, G., & Benton, B. C. (2017). Mastering AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zamojski, W., & Sugier, J. (Eds.). (2015). Dependability Problems of Complex Information Systems (Vol. 307). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, A., & Kim, E. (2016). Spatial Agglomeration and Firm Performance in Korean Manufacturing Industry, 2012. In E. Kim & B. H. S. Kim (Eds.), Quantitative Regional Economic and Environmental Analysis for Sustainability in Korea (pp. 89–104). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, November 8). Elon Musk Says We Need A Universal Basic Income To Cope With Robots Taking Our Jobs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Aerospace Guidance and Metrology Center: Cost Growth and Other Factors Affect Closure and Privatization (NSIAD-95-60). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, N. S. (2012). Bridging the Gap: Finding the Language of Soul [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2011, December 25). New Directors Flesh Out Black America, All of It. New York Times, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lui, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kidd & Castano, 2013; Lui, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kidd & Castano, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ledderose et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Psychol. Econ.
ISSN (print)1937-321X
ISSN (online)2151-318X
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Applied Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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