How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fara, P. (2009). A microscopic reality tale. Nature, 459(7247), 642–644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonnenburg, E. D., & Sonnenburg, J. L. (2015). Nutrition: A personal forecast. Nature, 528(7583), 484–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, S., Ting, C.-T., & Wu, C.-I. (2004). The normal function of a speciation gene, Odysseus, and its hybrid sterility effect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5680), 81–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sachs, K., Perez, O., Pe’er, D., Lauffenburger, D. A., & Nolan, G. P. (2005). Causal protein-signaling networks derived from multiparameter single-cell data. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5721), 523–529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthold, H. J., & Binnewies, M. (2005). Chemisches Grundpraktikum. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sirgy, M. J., Bahn, K. D., & Erem, T. (Eds.). (2015). Proceedings of the 1993 World Marketing Congress. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia-Prieto, P. (2014). Psycho-Oncology: A Patient’s View. In U. Goerling (Ed.), Psycho-Oncology (pp. 49–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 12). Solar Roads Could Power An Entire Country. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Handling of Bid Protests Involving Automatic Data Processing Equipment Procurements (B-158766). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perilla, J. Y. (2015). Support group for neonatal intensive care families: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, April 7). Missile Strike Signals a New Reality in Syria for Friends and Foes Alike. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fara, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fara, 2009; Sonnenburg & Sonnenburg, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonnenburg & Sonnenburg, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Sun et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sachs et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Psychol. Econ.
ISSN (print)1937-321X
ISSN (online)2151-318X
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Behavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Applied Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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