How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Bonetta, Protein-protein interactions: Tools for the search, Nature 468, 852 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
A. J. Ammerman and C. E. McClennen, URBAN ECOLOGY: Saving Venice, Science 289, 1301 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Abramson, A. Paz, and K. D. Philipson, Structural biology. It’s all in the symmetry, Science 335, 669 (2012).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
A. N. Dodd, N. Salathia, A. Hall, E. Kévei, R. Tóth, F. Nagy, J. M. Hibberd, A. J. Millar, and A. A. R. Webb, Plant circadian clocks increase photosynthesis, growth, survival, and competitive advantage, Science 309, 630 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. E. Borisenko and S. Ossicini, What is What in the Nanoworld, Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA (2012).
An edited book
A. Bagchi and I. Ray, Editors, Information Systems Security: 9th International Conference, ICISS 2013, Kolkata, India, December 16-20, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Matsumoto and F. Szidarovszky, Relation to Other Mathematical Problems, in Game Theory and Its Applications, Edited by F. Szidarovszky, Tokyo, Springer Japan (2016), pp. 49–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Do Trees Really Help Clear The Air In Our Cities?, (2015).at <;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Student Loans: Characteristics of Students and Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (1998).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. J. Bodenmiller, A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations, (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, Into the Fray of Great TV, (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Neuroeng.
ISSN (print)2168-2011
ISSN (online)2168-202X

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