How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
X. Zhang, Plant science. Delayed gratification--waiting to terminate stem cell identity, Science 343, 498 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Royer and D. Paré, Conservation of total synaptic weight through balanced synaptic depression and potentiation, Nature 422, 518 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
L.-A. Wu, P. Walther, and D. A. Lidar, No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing, Sci. Rep. 3, 1394 (2013).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
C.-T. Huang, Y.-J. Oyang, H.-C. Huang, and H.-F. Juan, MicroRNA-mediated networks underlie immune response regulation in papillary thyroid carcinoma, Sci. Rep. 4, 6495 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Furger, Live Cell Assays, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2016).
An edited book
W. Marxer, Editor, Direct Democracy and Minorities, Wiesbaden, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
K. J. Riehle and N. Fausto, Mechanisms of Liver Injury, in Diseases of the Liver in Children: Evaluation and Management, Edited by K. F. Murray and S. Horslen, New York, NY, Springer (2014), pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, This Tree Can Grow Over 40 Different Kinds Of Fruit, (2015).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Food Assistance: Information on Meal Costs in the National School Lunch Program, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. H. Stephenson, Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective, (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Even in Agreement, Scalia Puts Roberts to Lash, (2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Neuroeng.
ISSN (print)2168-2011
ISSN (online)2168-202X

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