How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Hunt, Paleontology. Variation and early evolution, Science 317, 459 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Lumaret and N. Ouazzani, Plant genetics. Ancient wild olives in Mediterranean forests, Nature 413, 700 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Brunet, J. Leng, and O. Mondain-Monval, Materials science. Soft acoustic metamaterials, Science 342, 323 (2013).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
H. Suzuki, J.-I. Imura, Y. Horio, and K. Aihara, Chaotic Boltzmann machines, Sci. Rep. 3, 1610 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Ytterdal, Y. Cheng, and T. A. Fjeldly, Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2003).
An edited book
J. DeLamater and A. Ward, Editors, Handbook of Social Psychology, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
F. Korthagen, Practice, Theory, and Person in Lifelong Professional Learning, in Teacher Professional Development in Changing Conditions, Edited by D. Beijaard, P. C. Meijer, G. Morine-Dershimer, and H. Tillema, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands (2005), pp. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, World’s Rarest And Smallest Dolphin Could Be Extinct Within 15 Years, (2015).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA’s X-33 and X-34 Programs, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (2001).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. L. Stevenson, Availability and seasonal use of diurnal roosts by Rafinesque’s big-eared bat and southeastern myotis in bottomland hardwoods of Mississippi, (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Rojas, N.Y.U. Takes Cosby’s Name Off Workshop About Film, (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Neuroeng.
ISSN (print)2168-2011
ISSN (online)2168-202X

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