How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Guessoum, Astrophysics: Time for an Arab astronomy renaissance, Nature 498, 161 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
K. H. Gardner and F. Correa, Plant science. How plants see the invisible, Science 335, 1451 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Ohmoto, Y. Watanabe, and K. Kumazawa, Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago, Nature 429, 395 (2004).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
C. H. Bassing, F. W. Alt, M. M. Hughes, M. D’Auteuil, T. D. Wehrly, B. B. Woodman, F. Gärtner, J. M. White, L. Davidson, and B. P. Sleckman, Recombination signal sequences restrict chromosomal V(D)J recombination beyond the 12/23 rule, Nature 405, 583 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Aït-Kadi, M. Chouinard, S. Marcotte, and D. Riopel, Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2012).
An edited book
T. L. Sellnow, Effective Risk Communication: A Message-Centered Approach, New York, NY, Springer (2009).
A chapter in an edited book
Q. Liu, X. Duan, and C. Peng, Laser Micro-/Nanofabrication and Applications Based on Multiphoton Process, in Novel Optical Technologies for Nanofabrication, Edited by X. Duan and C. Peng, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer (2014), pp. 81–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, Snails Can’t Escape Carnivorous Sea Stars In Our Acidifying Oceans, (2016).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Motor Carrier Safety: FMCSA Has Devoted a Small but Increasing Amount of Resources to Develop the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program but Is Requesting a Significant Increase for Full Implementation, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (2011).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. M. Fertig, Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source, (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Claude Brown’s Harlem, Still on the Mind, (2002).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Neuroeng.
ISSN (print)2168-2011
ISSN (online)2168-202X

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