How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Gamwell, Perceptions of science. Beyond the visible--microscopy, nature, and art, Science 299, 49 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
D. B. Stoltz and J. B. Whitfield, Virology. Making nice with viruses, Science 323, 884 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
A. E. Shevenell, J. P. Kennett, and D. W. Lea, Middle Miocene Southern Ocean cooling and Antarctic cryosphere expansion, Science 305, 1766 (2004).
A journal article with 99 or more authors
K. N. Brown, S. Chen, Z. Han, C.-H. Lu, X. Tan, X.-J. Zhang, L. Ding, A. Lopez-Cruz, D. Saur, S. A. Anderson, K. Huang, and S.-H. Shi, Clonal production and organization of inhibitory interneurons in the neocortex, Science 334, 480 (2011).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Lafontaine and M. Comet, Nanothermites, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2016).
An edited book
M. Atzmueller, A. Chin, D. Helic, and A. Hotho, Editors, Modeling and Mining Ubiquitous Social Media: International Workshops MSM 2011, Boston, MA, USA, October 9, 2011, and MUSE 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
F. C. Delicato, P. F. Pires, and T. Batista, The Programming and Execution Module (PEM), in Middleware Solutions for the Internet of Things, Edited by P. F. Pires and T. Batista, London, Springer (2013), pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Microbes Turn Pee Into Electricity, (2015).at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Summary of the Status of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare’s Grants and Loans Made Under the Health Maintenance Organization Act as of June 30, 1977, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office (1977).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. J. Gaudet, A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter, (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Hartocollis, And Surrogacy Makes 3, (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering
AbbreviationJ. Neurosci. Neuroeng.
ISSN (print)2168-2011
ISSN (online)2168-202X

Other styles