How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroradiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Stirling A. Keep it complex. Nature 2010;468:1029–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Boehme C, McCamey DR. Physics. Nuclear-spin quantum memory poised to take the lead. Science 2012;336:1239–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Barber VA, Juday GP, Finney BP. Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress. Nature 2000;405:668–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hoffmann A, Levchenko A, Scott ML, Baltimore D. The IkappaB-NF-kappaB signaling module: temporal control and selective gene activation. Science 2002;298:1241–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lavi MR. The Impact of IFRS on Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Rhalibi AE, editors. Transactions on Edutainment II. vol. 5660. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dalamagkidis K, Valavanis KP, Piegl LA. Unmanned Aircraft Systems Regulation. In: Valavanis KP, Piegl LA, editors. On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System: Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 57–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroradiology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. NASA’s HiRISE Camera Shows The Frosty Valleys Of Mars. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasas-hirise-camera-shows-frosty-plains-mars/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Communications: Improved Procurement of Land Mobile Radios Could Enhance Interoperability and Cut Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Simmons C. Correlates and predictors of cognitive complexity among counseling and social work students in graduate training programs. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Tabuchi H. Kochs’ Strategy to Court Allies: Gospel and Gas. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroradiology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)0150-9861
ScopeClinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles