How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroradiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Davidson LA. Developmental biology. Apoptosis turbocharges epithelial morphogenesis. Science 2008;321:1641–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Salzman H, Lowell L. Making the grade. Nature 2008;453:28–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Elsaesser H, Sauer K, Brooks DG. IL-21 is required to control chronic viral infection. Science 2009;324:1569–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fox JE, Starcevic M, Kow KY, Burow ME, McLachlan JA. Nitrogen fixation. Endocrine disrupters and flavonoid signalling. Nature 2001;413:128–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Abraham A. The Trend Following Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Bowen CR. Modern Piezoelectric Energy-Harvesting Materials. vol. 238. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kupferman O, Sadigh D, Seshia SA. Synthesis with Clairvoyance. In: Eder K, Lourenço J, Shehory O, editors. Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 7th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2011, Haifa, Israel, December 6-8, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 5–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroradiology.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Extent Of Arctic AND Antarctic Sea Ice Reaches Lowest Ever Recorded. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Meeting the Government’s Technology Challenge: Results of a GAO Symposium. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Shaker G. Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Weary of War and Ready to Laugh. New York Times 2014:C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroradiology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)0150-9861
ScopeClinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles