How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wassarman, P.M., 2014. Reproductive biology: Sperm protein finds its mate. Nature 508, 466–467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Addiscott, T., Brookes, P., 2002. Nitrogen cycle: what governs nitrogen loss from forest soils? Nature 418, 604; discussion 604.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gitlin, A.D., Shulman, Z., Nussenzweig, M.C., 2014. Clonal selection in the germinal centre by regulated proliferation and hypermutation. Nature 509, 637–640.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Trajkovic, K., Hsu, C., Chiantia, S., Rajendran, L., Wenzel, D., Wieland, F., Schwille, P., Brügger, B., Simons, M., 2008. Ceramide triggers budding of exosome vesicles into multivesicular endosomes. Science 319, 1244–1247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W., 2015. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Thangarajan, M. (Ed.), 2007. Groundwater: Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Mineev, V.P., Sigrist, M., 2012. Basic Theory of Superconductivity in Metals Without Inversion Center, in: Bauer, E., Sigrist, Manfred (Eds.), Non-Centrosymmetric Superconductors: Introduction and Overview, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 129–154.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. How Seashells Protect Their Soft Insides from Stress [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Overseas Allowances: Improvements Needed in Administration (No. NSIAD-90-46). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter, R.H., 2017. Marx Generator Charged via Biperiodic Resonant Cascaded Transformers (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Reservoir’s Sunken Fountain Is Rising From the Deep. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wassarman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Addiscott and Brookes, 2002; Wassarman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Addiscott and Brookes, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Trajkovic et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Sci.
ISSN (print)0928-0987
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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