How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli, A., 2007. Reinventing an industry. Nature 445, 138–139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shneiderman, B., Preece, J., 2007. Public health. Science 315, 944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, M.R., Seeman, N.C., Mirkin, C.A., 2015. Nanomaterials. Programmable materials and the nature of the DNA bond. Science 347, 1260901.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pandur, P., Läsche, M., Eisenberg, L.M., Kühl, M., 2002. Wnt-11 activation of a non-canonical Wnt signalling pathway is required for cardiogenesis. Nature 418, 636–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larose, D.T., 2005. Data Mining Methods and Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Michalos, A.C. (Ed.), 2005. Citation Classics from Social Indicators Research: The Most Cited Articles Edited and Introduced by Alex C. Michalos, Social Indicators Research Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Daniels, J.A., Bradley, M.C., 2011. Averted School Rampages, in: Bradley, M.C. (Ed.), Preventing Lethal School Violence. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Archeologists Find Ancient Human Engravings From The End Of The Ice Age [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Could Improve the Targeting of School Improvement Funds to Schools Most in Need of Assistance (No. GAO-08-380). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mark, M., 2017. A peer mentorship program for youth transitioning out of foster care: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014. Code of Honor, Not a Referee, Governs Curlers. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mandavilli, 2007; Shneiderman and Preece, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shneiderman and Preece, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Pandur et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Sci.
ISSN (print)0928-0987
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles