How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooijaart, S., 2004. Scientists and societies. Young genomicists get connected. Nature 429, 226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Backwell, P.R.Y., Jennions, M.D., 2004. Animal behaviour: coalition among male fiddler crabs. Nature 430, 417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Runnels, L.W., Yue, L., Clapham, D.E., 2001. TRP-PLIK, a bifunctional protein with kinase and ion channel activities. Science 291, 1043–1047.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oláh, S., Füle, M., Komlósi, G., Varga, C., Báldi, R., Barzó, P., Tamás, G., 2009. Regulation of cortical microcircuits by unitary GABA-mediated volume transmission. Nature 461, 1278–1281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., Aardema, F., Pélissier, M.-C., 2006. Beyond Reasonable Doubt. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Munthe-Kaas, H., Owren, B. (Eds.), 2008. Mathematics and Computation, a Contemporary View: The Abel Symposium 2006 Proceedings of the Third Abel Symposium, Alesund, Norway, May 25–27, 2006, Abel Symposia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao, Y., Ma, L., Wu, X., Chen, Z., 2006. From Keyframing to Motion Capture, in: Hommel, G., Huanye, S. (Eds.), Human Interaction with Machines: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop Held at the Shanghai Jiao Tong University, March 15–16, 2005. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Miniature Black Holes May Be Hitting Earth Once Every 1,000 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Its Ability to Monitor and Determine the Extent of Competition in Dedicated Access Services (No. GAO-07-80). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chon, J.Y., 2012. Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clifford, S., 2015. Manhattan Dentist Faces Drug and Child Pornography Charges. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mooijaart, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Backwell and Jennions, 2004; Mooijaart, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Backwell and Jennions, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Oláh et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Sci.
ISSN (print)0928-0987
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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