How to format your references using the European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, T.L., 2001. The search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Nature 409, 1110–1114.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mogk, A., Bukau, B., 2010. Cell biology. When the beginning marks the end. Science 327, 966–967.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coyte, K.Z., Schluter, J., Foster, K.R., 2015. The ecology of the microbiome: Networks, competition, and stability. Science 350, 663–666.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moreau, J.W., Weber, P.K., Martin, M.C., Gilbert, B., Hutcheon, I.D., Banfield, J.F., 2007. Extracellular proteins limit the dispersal of biogenic nanoparticles. Science 316, 1600–1603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ergül, Ö., Gürel, L., 2014. The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ellerton, N., 2012. Rewriting the History of School Mathematics in North America 1607-1861: The Central Role of Cyphering Books. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Pérez, J., Arenas, M., Gutierrez, C., 2008. nSPARQL: A Navigational Language for RDF, in: Sheth, A., Staab, S., Dean, M., Paolucci, M., Maynard, D., Finin, T., Thirunarayan, K. (Eds.), The Semantic Web - ISWC 2008: 7th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 26-30, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 66–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Spots “Pearl” Storm On Jupiter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Aviation Safety: Conditions Within the Air Traffic Control Work Force (No. RCED-89-113FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takayama, M., 2010. The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. Man Who Said He Was Angry at Whites Gets 25 Years for Fatal Punch in Union Sq. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Mogk and Bukau, 2010; Wilson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mogk and Bukau, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Moreau et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
AbbreviationEur. J. Pharm. Sci.
ISSN (print)0928-0987
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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