How to format your references using the Journal of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug A (2001) Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages. Science 292:1844–1846
A journal article with 2 authors
Larrick RP, Soll JB (2008) Economics. The MPG illusion. Science 320:1593–1594
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalton CA, Langmuir CH, Gale A (2014) Geophysical and geochemical evidence for deep temperature variations beneath mid-ocean ridges. Science 344:80–83
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Han R, Li W, Pan W, et al (2014) 1D magnetic materials of Fe₃O₄ and Fe with high performance of microwave absorption fabricated by electrospinning method. Sci Rep 4:7493

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan W (2014) Crop Variety Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kiang TKL, Wilby KJ, Ensom MHH (2016) Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions Associated with Antiretroviral Drugs. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Wu S, Fan Y, Tian Y (2013) Colorectal Surgery. In: Wu S, Fan Y, Tian Y (eds) Atlas of Single-Incision Laparoscopic Operations in General Surgery. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 95–182

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Ice Tsunami: What The Hell Is Happening In This Video? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area--Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lastica JR (2012) Why Do They Stay? A Phenomenological Study of Secondary Science Teacher Experiences. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic B, Chapman MM (2015) U.A.W. Is Said to Flatly Reject Fiat Chrysler Contract Offer. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0340-5354
ISSN (online)1432-1459
ScopeClinical Neurology

Other styles