How to format your references using the Journal of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Malakoff D (2000) ECONOMICS: “To Your Health” Is More Than a Toast to Economists. Science 289:1275
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Owen R, Jobling S (2012) Environmental science: The hidden costs of flexible fertility. Nature 485:441
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Griffith S, Goldwater D, Jacobson JM (2005) Robotics: self-replication from random parts. Nature 437:636
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Feng M, McPhaden MJ, Xie S-P, Hafner J (2013) La Niña forces unprecedented Leeuwin Current warming in 2011. Sci Rep 3:1277

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schlechty PC (2009) Leading for Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
1.
Rodríguez JMC, Pérez JB, Golinska P, et al (2012) Trends in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ullmann J, Allgeier T (2014) Cylinder-charge control systems. In: Reif K (ed) Diesel Engine Management: Systems and Components. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp 46–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Elevated ‘Male Hormones’ During Fetal Development Linked With Autism. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/elevated-‘male-hormones’-during-fetal-development-linked-autism/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2013) America COMPETES Acts: Overall Appropriations Have Increased and Have Mainly Funded Existing Federal Research Entities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Katavic I (2014) Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L (2006) Southampton Buys A Girl Scout Camp. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0340-5354
ISSN (online)1432-1459
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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