How to format your references using the Journal of Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Vernos I (2013) Research management: Quotas are questionable. Nature 495:39
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bettencourt L, West G (2010) A unified theory of urban living. Nature 467:912–913
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dudley AT, Ros MA, Tabin CJ (2002) A re-examination of proximodistal patterning during vertebrate limb development. Nature 418:539–544
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Repp J, Meyer G, Paavilainen S, et al (2006) Imaging bond formation between a gold atom and pentacene on an insulating surface. Science 312:1196–1199

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Uriev NB (2016) Technology of Dispersed Systems and Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Misselhorn C (2015) Collective Agency and Cooperation in Natural and Artificial Systems: Explanation, Implementation and Simulation, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Poirier EJ, Poirier DR (2016) Energy Balance Applications in Fluid Flow. In: Poirier DR (ed) Solutions Manual To accompany Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neurology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) New Primate Fossils Reveal How Climate Change Assured The Rise Of Humanity. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-primate-fossils-reveal-how-climate-change-assured-rise-humanity/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1996) Statistical Agencies: A Comparison of the U.S. and Canadian Statistical Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chan AB (2008) Beyond dynamic textures: A family of stochastic dynamical models for video with applications to computer vision. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Alvarez L (2015) Families Hope Words Endure Past Shooting. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neurology
AbbreviationJ. Neurol.
ISSN (print)0340-5354
ISSN (online)1432-1459
ScopeClinical Neurology
Neurology

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