How to format your references using the Ibis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gehrels, T. 2000. Brains, courage and integrity. Nature 404: 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mondal, N. & Parvin, J.D. 2001. DNA topoisomerase IIalpha is required for RNA polymerase II transcription on chromatin templates. Nature 413: 435–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, X., Fauqué, B. & Behnia, K. 2015. SOLID-STATE PHYSICS. Scalable T2 resistivity in a small single-component Fermi surface. Science 349: 945–948.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fleischer, J.W., Segev, M., Efremidis, N.K. & Christodoulides, D.N. 2003. Observation of two-dimensional discrete solitons in optically induced nonlinear photonic lattices. Nature 422: 147–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neward, T., Erickson, A.C., Crowell, T. & Minerich, R. 2010. Professional F# 2.0. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Dutoit, T. 2009. Applied Signal Processing: A MATLABTM-Based Proof of Concept (F. Marqués, ed). Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ueno, S., Adachi, F., Komatani, K., Kawahara, T. & Okuno, H.G. 2007. Bus Information System Based on User Models and Dynamic Generation of VoiceXML Scripts. In: New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI 2003 and JSAI 2004 Conferences and Workshops, Niigata, Japan, June 23-27, 2003 and Kanazawa, Japan, May 31 - June 4, 2004, Revised Selected Papers (A. Sakurai, K. Hasida, & K. Nitta, eds), pp. 46–60. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. It’s Not All About Aliens – Listening Project May Unveil Other Secrets Of The Universe.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Space Acquisitions: Uncertainties in the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program Pose Management and Oversight Challenges.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yahyai, S. 2013. Optimization of a method for testing ballast water for enterococci and an investigation on the occurrence of antibiotic resistance in vibrio cholerae. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. 2017. On Spectrum of Extremism, Far Left Takes Relatively Little Space.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gehrels 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gehrels 2000, Mondal & Parvin 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mondal & Parvin 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fleischer et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbis
ISSN (print)1474-919X

Other styles