How to format your references using the Ibis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bevan, M.J. 2007. Immunology. The cutting edge of T cell selection. Science 316: 1291–1292.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thisse, C. & Zon, L.I. 2002. Organogenesis--heart and blood formation from the zebrafish point of view. Science 295: 457–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furuya, T., Kamlet, A.S. & Ritter, T. 2011. Catalysis for fluorination and trifluoromethylation. Nature 473: 470–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klimanskaya, I., Chung, Y., Becker, S., Lu, S.-J. & Lanza, R. 2006. Human embryonic stem cell lines derived from single blastomeres. Nature 444: 481–485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J.M. 2011. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Badouel, E. 2015. Petri Net Synthesis, 1st ed. 2015 (L. Bernardinello & P. Darondeau, eds). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Richez-Battesti, N. & Leseul, G. 2016. Cooperative Banks in France: Emergence, Mutations and Issues. In: Credit Cooperative Institutions in European Countries (S. Karafolas, ed), pp. 55–81. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Horses Have Similar Facial Expressions As Humans And Chimps.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Status of the Research Fleet of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weitkunat, S. 2015. Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017. Gregorius and Judge Deliver Major Blows as Yanks Top Mets Again.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bevan 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Thisse & Zon 2002, Bevan 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thisse & Zon 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Klimanskaya et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbis
ISSN (print)1474-919X

Other styles