How to format your references using the Ibis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torsvik, T.H. 2003. Geology. The Rodinia jigsaw puzzle. Science 300: 1379–1381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koechlin, E. & Hyafil, A. 2007. Anterior prefrontal function and the limits of human decision-making. Science 318: 594–598.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirchner, J.W., Feng, X. & Neal, C. 2000. Fractal stream chemistry and its implications for contaminant transport in catchments. Nature 403: 524–527.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, S., Hill, C.P., Sundquist, W.I. & Finch, J.T. 2000. Image reconstructions of helical assemblies of the HIV-1 CA protein. Nature 407: 409–413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinn, J.F. 2013. Dementia. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
2013. Philosophy and Engineering: Reflections on Practice, Principles and Process (D. P. Michelfelder, N. McCarthy, & D. E. Goldberg, eds). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, J., Long, X., Shen, X., Wang, L., Feng, S. & Zheng, S. 2013. Towards RTOS: A Preemptive Kernel Basing on Barrelfish. In: Advanced Parallel Processing Technologies: 10th International Symposium, APPT 2013, Stockholm, Sweden, August 27-28, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (C. Wu & A. Cohen, eds), pp. 47–61. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibis.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. Surfing Seal Will Make Your Day.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Technological Progress and Proposed R&D Program.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef, N.J. 2009. A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. 2016. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torsvik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Torsvik 2003, Koechlin & Hyafil 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koechlin & Hyafil 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbis
ISSN (print)1474-919X

Other styles