How to format your references using the Acta Geotechnica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Geotechnica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Crow JM (2012) Obesity: insensitive issue. Nature 486:S12-3
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Seelig B, Szostak JW (2007) Selection and evolution of enzymes from a partially randomized non-catalytic scaffold. Nature 448:828–831
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nishimune H, Sanes JR, Carlson SS (2004) A synaptic laminin-calcium channel interaction organizes active zones in motor nerve terminals. Nature 432:580–587
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kofler N, Collins JP, Kuzma J, et al (2018) Editing nature: Local roots of global governance. Science 362:527–529

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beagle JR (2013) Surgical Essentials of Immediate Implant Dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
1.
Guglielmi G (2009) High-Resolution Radiographs of the Hand. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kasamatsu T, Koga T, Kaminisi K (2013) Modeling and Visualization of Product-Service Systems for Success of Business. In: Shimomura Y, Kimita K (eds) The Philosopher’s Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th - 9th, 2012. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Geotechnica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Schrödinger’s Cat Gets A Reality Check. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/schr-dinger-s-cat-gets-reality-check/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1979) Science Indicators: Improvements Needed in Design, Construction, and Interpretation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ray SE (2012) Impact of Training Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Administrators and Physician Leaders. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gorman J (2016) Buzzed: Sweets Raise Hopes Among Bees. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Geotechnica
AbbreviationActa Geotech.
ISSN (print)1861-1125
ISSN (online)1861-1133
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles