How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroInterventional surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroInterventional surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atkinson PM. Assess the real cost of research assessment. Nature 2014;516:145.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piketty T, Saez E. Inequality in the long run. Science 2014;344:838–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vokrouhlický D, Nesvorný D, Bottke WF. The vector alignments of asteroid spins by thermal torques. Nature 2003;425:147–51.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lorenz IC, Marcotrigiano J, Dentzer TG, et al. Structure of the catalytic domain of the hepatitis C virus NS2-3 protease. Nature 2006;442:831–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bojar RM. Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery. Oxford, UK: : Wiley-Blackwell 2010.
An edited book
Eickhoff J, editor. The FLP Microsatellite Platform: Flight Operations Manual. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauer M. Strategies to Prevent siRNA-Triggered Cellular Toxicity. In: Erdmann VA, Barciszewski J, eds. RNA Technologies and Their Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2010. 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroInterventional surgery.

Blog post
Hale T. Archaeologists Find 2,000-Year-Old Roman Tile Imprinted With A Perfect Cat Paw. IFLScience. 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Participating Schools. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham C. How Are Nonresident African American Fathers Involved in Their Children’s Academic Success? 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Malkin E, Minder R. A Former Mexican Governor Is Arrested, but Not by His Own Country. New York Times. 2016;:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroInterventional surgery
AbbreviationJ. Neurointerv. Surg.
ISSN (print)1759-8478
ISSN (online)1759-8486
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles