How to format your references using the Journal of NeuroInterventional surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of NeuroInterventional surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Theissen G. Secret life of genes. Nature 2002;415:741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nogueiras R, Tschöp M. Biomedicine. Separation of conjoined hormones yields appetite rivals. Science 2005;310:985–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chabanov AA, Stoytchev M, Genack AZ. Statistical signatures of photon localization. Nature 2000;404:850–3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu Z, Wei W, Gagneur J, et al. Bidirectional promoters generate pervasive transcription in yeast. Nature 2009;457:1033–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schlechty PC. Leading for Learning. San Francisco, CA, USA: : Jossey-Bass 2009.
An edited book
Wintgens LJ, Oliver-Lalana AD, editors. The Rationality and Justification of Legislation: Essays in Legisprudence. Heidelberg: : Springer International Publishing 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Imono M, Yoshimura E, Tsuchiya S, et al. Method of Embodying the Newspaper Headlines by Using Words and Phrases in the Article. In: Tweedale JW, Jain LC, Watada J, et al., eds. Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of NeuroInterventional surgery.

Blog post
Andrews R. GOP Lawmaker: Mexican Marijuana Hides Secret Nukes Being Smuggled Into US. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FBI Is Building Management Capabilities Essential to Successful System Deployments, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moble B. Fundamental understanding of the cycloidal-rotor concept for micro air vehicle applications. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J. ’60s TV, Taxes and a Taste of Trump. New York Times. 2016;:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of NeuroInterventional surgery
AbbreviationJ. Neurointerv. Surg.
ISSN (print)1759-8478
ISSN (online)1759-8486
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology

Other styles