How to format your references using the HBRC Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HBRC Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Nowotny, Science and society. High- and low-cost realities for science and society, Science. 308 (2005) 1117–1118.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Joanicot, A. Ajdari, Applied physics. Droplet control for microfluidics, Science. 309 (2005) 887–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Bard, F. Rostek, G. Ménot-Combes, Paleoclimate. A better radiocarbon clock, Science. 303 (2004) 178–179.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.R. Piperno, A.J. Ranere, I. Holst, P. Hansell, Starch grains reveal early root crop horticulture in the Panamanian tropical forest, Nature. 407 (2000) 894–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.T. Barrett-Lennard, The Relationship Inventory, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
H. Amann, W. Arendt, M. Hieber, F.M. Neubrander, S. Nicaise, J. von Below, eds., Functional Analysis and Evolution Equations: The Günter Lumer Volume, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Spoor, Inequality, Poverty and Conflict in Transition Economies, in: M. Spoor (Ed.), Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical “Development” Reader, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HBRC Journal.

Blog post
J. Davis, Trees Can Sense When They Are Being Eaten By Deer And Launch A Defense, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Landsat’s Role in an Earth Resources Information System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.L. Shibata, Building positive body image in adolescent girls: An evaluation of a body image prevention program, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. McNAMARA, Falling Through Time, New York Times. (2017) BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHBRC Journal
ISSN (print)1687-4048

Other styles