How to format your references using the Development Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Development Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J. K. M. (2003) ‘Evolution. Little else but parasites’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5613): 1680–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lerner, J. and Tirole, J. (2014) ‘Intellectual property. A better route to tech standards’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6174): 972–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haskell, J. P.; Ritchie, M. E. and Olff, H. (2002) ‘Fractal geometry predicts varying body size scaling relationships for mammal and bird home ranges’, Nature 418(6897): 527–30.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, H.; Chiang, S. W.; Lin, W.; Yang, C.; Li, Z.; Liu, J.; Cui, X.; Kang, F. and Wong, C. P. (2014) ‘Towards practical application of paper based printed circuits: capillarity effectively enhances conductivity of the thermoplastic electrically conductive adhesives’, Scientific reports 4: 6275.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kracke, E.-A. and Lodde, K. (2011) Leitfaden Straßenbrücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Mytum, H. (ed.) (2012) Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools: Constructions of Knowledge and Experience. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stagni, R.; Tersi, L.; Merlo, A.; Sawaha, Z. and Fantozzi, S. (2012) ‘Validation of Motion Analysis Protocols: A Fundamental Issue for Clinical Application and Modeling’, in Á. Jobbágy (ed.) 5th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering: 14–18 September 2011, Budapest, Hungary. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (IFMBE Proceedings).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Development Policy Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter?, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Circumstances Surrounding the ASPJ Limited Production Decision. T-NSIAD-90-40. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Kharafi, H. T. (2017) TF-CBT with the Pediatric Medical Population: A Modification. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2015) ‘“I’m Your Childhood”’, New York Times, 18 May, MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brown, 2003; Lerner and Tirole, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lerner and Tirole, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopment Policy Review
AbbreviationDev. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0950-6764
ISSN (online)1467-7679
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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