How to format your references using the Development Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Development Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, P. N. (2000) ‘Health care in former soviet republics’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 288(5474): 2131b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbaz, D. and Cesarsky, C. J. (2003) ‘A fossil record of galaxy encounters’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 300(5617): 270–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner, A.; Yoshimori, M. and Weaver, A. J. (2002) ‘Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5559): 1489–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dyer, A. G.; Whitney, H. M.; Arnold, S. E. J.; Glover, B. J. and Chittka, L. (2006) ‘Behavioural ecology: bees associate warmth with floral colour’, Nature 442(7102): 525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner, B. (2016) The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mathis, G. (ed.) (2011) Chest Sonography. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krickeberg, K.; Pham, V. T. and Pham, T. M. H. (2012) ‘Infectious Diseases: Modelling, Immunity’, in V. T. Pham and T. M. H. Pham (eds) Epidemiology: Key to Prevention. New York, NY: Springer (Statistics for Biology and Health).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Development Policy Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) Poachers Kill Up To 40,000 African Elephants A Year, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Terminating Federal Helium Refining. RCED-95-252R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chhun, S. (2010) Assessing the Role of Vacuolar Trafficking in Fifteen Candidate Env Genes at the Late Endosome to Vacuole Interface in S. Cerevisiae. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2017) ‘“I Didn’t Move Here to Avoid Chaos”’, New York Times, 21 April, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell, 2000; Elbaz and Cesarsky, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elbaz and Cesarsky, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Dyer et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopment Policy Review
AbbreviationDev. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0950-6764
ISSN (online)1467-7679
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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