How to format your references using the Development Policy Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Development Policy Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldecott, K. W. (2014) ‘Molecular biology. Ribose--an internal threat to DNA’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6168): 260–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Engel, M. S. and Grimaldi, D. A. (2004) ‘New light shed on the oldest insect’, Nature 427(6975): 627–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammon, C. J.; Kanamori, H. and Lay, T. (2008) ‘A great earthquake doublet and seismic stress transfer cycle in the central Kuril islands’, Nature 451(7178): 561–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kolber, Z. S.; Plumley, F. G.; Lang, A. S.; Beatty, J. T.; Blankenship, R. E.; VanDover, C. L.; Vetriani, C.; Koblizek, M.; Rathgeber, C. and Falkowski, P. G. (2001) ‘Contribution of aerobic photoheterotrophic bacteria to the carbon cycle in the ocean’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5526): 2492–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goossens, F. (2015) How to Implement Market Models Using VBA. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Agarwal, B. (2016) Prominent Feature Extraction for Sentiment Analysis. Edited by N. Mittal. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Socio-Affective Computing).
A chapter in an edited book
Ebner, B. T. and Chinnaiyan, K. M. (2015) ‘Imaging of Coronary Artery Anomalies’, in A. E. Abbas (ed.) Interventional Cardiology Imaging: An Essential Guide. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Development Policy Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015) Don’t Miss The ‘Blood Moon’ Eclipse Later This Month, IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: (Accessed: 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Social Security Offsets: Improvements to Program Design Could Better Assist Older Student Loan Borrowers with Obtaining Permitted Relief. GAO-17-45. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
San, K. A. (2017) Synthesis of Alkanethiolate-Capped Metal Nanoparticles Using Alkyl Thiosulfate Ligand Precursors for Selective Catalytic Reactions. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008) ‘An Island, Untamed and Divided’, New York Times, 3 August, WE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldecott, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Engel and Grimaldi, 2004; Caldecott, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Engel and Grimaldi, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kolber et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopment Policy Review
AbbreviationDev. Policy Rev.
ISSN (print)0950-6764
ISSN (online)1467-7679
ScopeManagement, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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