How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kolter R. 2007. Microbiology. Deadly priming. Science. 318(5850):578–79
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee J-H, Paull TT. 2004. Direct activation of the ATM protein kinase by the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 complex. Science. 304(5667):93–96
A journal article with 3 authors
Akhtar A, Zink D, Becker PB. 2000. Chromodomains are protein-RNA interaction modules. Nature. 407(6802):405–9
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu R, Wei X, Hu J, Luo X. 2014. Local heating realization by reverse thermal cloak. Sci. Rep. 4:3600

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Block T, Eggert H, Kauschke W. 2013. Lager im Bauwesen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Hesthaven JS, Rønquist EM, eds. 2011. Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations: Selected papers from the ICOSAHOM ’09 conference, June 22-26, Trondheim, Norway, Vol. 76. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XI, 510 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Ďuranová L, Ohly S. 2016. Conceptual Framework with the Focus on Recovery and Well-Being Processes. In Persistent Work-related Technology Use, Recovery and Well-being Processes: Focus on Supplemental Work After Hours, ed S Ohly, pp. 61–92. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biochemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Neanderthal Gene Cluster More Common in Europeans. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Issues Concerning the Future Operation of the Space Transportation System. MASAD-83-6, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyen C. 2015. Two predictors of smoking behaviors in the LGBTQ population: Anxiety and internalized homophobia. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Díaz ME, Neuman W. 2013. U.S. Filmmaker Held in Venezuela Sought to Show Political Divide, Friends Say. New York Times, April 27, p. A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0066-4154
ISSN (online)1545-4509

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