How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J. 2000. TOXICOLOGY: Just How Bad Is Dioxin? Science. 288(5473):1941b–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim J, Holtzman DM. 2010. Medicine. Prion-like behavior of amyloid-beta. Science. 330(6006):918–19
A journal article with 3 authors
Rebbeck CA, Leroi AM, Burt A. 2011. Mitochondrial capture by a transmissible cancer. Science. 331(6015):303
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cowan T, Cai W, Purich A, Rotstayn L, England MH. 2013. Forcing of anthropogenic aerosols on temperature trends of the sub-thermocline southern Indian Ocean. Sci. Rep. 3:2245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods LC. 2005. Theory of Tokamak Transport. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Parnham MJ, ed. 2016. Compendium of Inflammatory Diseases. Basel: Springer. 218 illus., 147 illus. in color. eReference pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelini P, Da Lozzo G, Di Battista G, Frati F. 2013. Strip Planarity Testing. In Graph Drawing: 21st International Symposium, GD 2013, Bordeaux, France, September 23-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, ed S Wismath, A Wolff, pp. 37–48. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Why Isolated Easter Island Is The Perfect Spot For A Marine Reserve. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. National Airspace System: Current Efforts and Proposed Changes to Improve Performance of FAA’s Air Traffic Control System. GAO-03-542, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler D. 2010. How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2016. Slash. New York Times, Dec. 8, p. C15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0066-4154
ISSN (online)1545-4509

Other styles