How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrmann WA. 2007. Obituary: Ernst Otto Fischer (1918-2007). Nature. 449(7159):156
A journal article with 2 authors
Pacala S, Socolow R. 2004. Stabilization wedges: solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies. Science. 305(5686):968–72
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang X, Rickert M, Garcia KC. 2005. Structure of the quaternary complex of interleukin-2 with its alpha, beta, and gammac receptors. Science. 310(5751):1159–63
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knoll AH, Walter MR, Narbonne GM, Christie-Blick N. 2004. Geology. A new period for the geologic time scale. Science. 305(5684):621–22

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Natsuno T. 2005. i-Mode Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Jacko JA, ed. 2011. Human-Computer Interaction. Towards Mobile and Intelligent Interaction Environments: 14th International Conference, HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part III, Vol. 6763. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XXIII, 621 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Morrison SA. 2011. The Gift. In Go Where You Belong: Male Teachers as Cultural Workers in the Lives of Children, Families, and Communities, ed LW Watson, CS Woods, pp. 33–38. Rotterdam: SensePublishers

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biochemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. Say Hello To The World’s Smallest Snowman. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Federally Funded Math and Science Materials. GAO-01-81R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor TE. 2016. Characterizing EGFRvIII-independent glioblastoma maintenance. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. 2001. Still Huffing, Still Puffing. New York Times, May 20, p. 720

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0066-4154
ISSN (online)1545-4509

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