How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N. 2007. Antibodies: The generation game. Nature. 447(7145):741–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalcheim C, Rohrer H. 2014. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science. 345(6192):32–33
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu Y, Xu Y, Chen H. 2014. Additional modes in a waveguide system of zero-index-metamaterials with defects. Sci. Rep. 4:6428
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ding Z, Wu C-J, Chu GC, Xiao Y, Ho D, et al. 2011. SMAD4-dependent barrier constrains prostate cancer growth and metastatic progression. Nature. 470(7333):269–73

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ralph D, Graham P. 2004. MMS: Technologies, Usage and Business Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Dong Y. 2016. Consensus Building in Group Decision Making: Searching the Consensus Path with Minimum Adjustments. Singapore: Springer. XI, 201 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Trebše R, Trampuž A. 2012. The Definition of Prosthetic Joint Infections (PJI). In Infected Total Joint Arthroplasty: The Algorithmic Approach, ed R Trebše, pp. 23–30. London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Despite Volkswagen Cheat, Clean Diesel Is Good Technology Today And For The Future. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. The United States in Europe: Staying the Course to Win the Peace. 147981, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith BL. 2017. A Qualitative Study of Veteran Students’ Perspectives of Their Academic Experiences. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. 2017. Top Judge Goes Where Flaws Are Acute to Address State of Courts. New York Times, Feb. 23, p. A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0066-4154
ISSN (online)1545-4509

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