How to format your references using the Annual Review of Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodges A. 2012. The man behind the machine. Nature. 482(7386):441
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker MB, Peter T. 2008. Small-scale cloud processes and climate. Nature. 451(7176):299–300
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmes EA, Craske MG, Graybiel AM. 2014. Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science. Nature. 511(7509):287–89
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guo CX, Xie J, Wang B, Zheng X, Yang HB, Li CM. 2013. A new class of fluorescent-dots: long luminescent lifetime bio-dots self-assembled from DNA at low temperatures. Sci. Rep. 3:2957

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klöpffer W. 2012. Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Jan S. 2016. Approaches to Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants. Singapore: Springer. XII, 110 p. 7 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
De Lecea AM, Cooper R. 2016. The Importance of the Thukela River Estuary, East Coast of South Africa, for the Biology of the Near-Shore Environment and Associated Human Aspects: A Review. In Estuaries: A Lifeline of Ecosystem Services in the Western Indian Ocean, ed S Diop, P Scheren, J Ferdinand Machiwa, pp. 53–65. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Biochemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. Proxima b, The Closest Exoplanet To Earth, Could Be Habitable. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Voluntary Consensus Standards: Agencies’ Compliance With the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act. T-RCED-00-122, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz DA. 2017. Safe Travels? An Examination of the Search and Rescue Policies and Capabilities in the Northwest Passage Region. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2012. Coaching The Kayakers On 2 Wheels. New York Times, Aug. 9, p. B17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0066-4154
ISSN (online)1545-4509

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