How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Moore, “Hot from the vent,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7039, p. 235, May 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. A. Marraffini and E. J. Sontheimer, “CRISPR interference limits horizontal gene transfer in staphylococci by targeting DNA,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5909, pp. 1843–1845, Dec. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Dharmasiri, S. Dharmasiri, and M. Estelle, “The F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7041, pp. 441–445, May 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Molinier, G. Ries, C. Zipfel, and B. Hohn, “Transgeneration memory of stress in plants,” Nature, vol. 442, no. 7106, pp. 1046–1049, Aug. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. B. Naini, Facial Aesthetics. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
M. Broy, J. Grünbauer, D. Harel, and T. Hoare, Eds., Engineering Theories of Software Intensive Systems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Engineering Theories of Software Intensive Systems Marktoberdorf, Germany 3–15 August 2004, vol. 195. in NATO Science Series, Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, vol. 195. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Qureshi and A. Verma, “It Is Just Not Cricket,” in Match-Fixing in International Sports: Existing Processes, Law Enforcement, and Prevention Strategies, M. R. Haberfeld and D. Sheehan, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2013, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “There Are Better Ways To Quantify How Big And Bad A Hurricane Is,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Student Loans: Potential Effects of Raising Statutory Audit Threshold,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-97-111R, May 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. Rodriguez, “Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “A Great TV Series Set in Texas? Sorry, You’re Canceled,” New York Times, p. A29B, Jan. 23, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationIEEE J. Sel. Top. Appl. Earth Obs. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)1939-1404
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

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