How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Garrett, “Ocean science. Enhanced: internal tides and ocean mixing,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5641, pp. 1858–1859, Sep. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Moënne-Loccoz and J. A. Fee, “Biochemistry. Catalyzing NO to N2O in the nitrogen cycle,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6011, pp. 1632–1633, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Dai, A. Chen, and Z. Bai, “Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6566, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Saba, T. A. Pasquini, C. Sanner, Y. Shin, W. Ketterle, and D. E. Pritchard, “Light scattering to determine the relative phase of two Bose-Einstein condensates,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5717, pp. 1945–1948, Mar. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Higgs and A. Titchen, Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
L. I. Simeonov and M. A. Hassanien, Eds., Exposure and Risk Assessment of Chemical Pollution — Contemporary Methodology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
D. C. O’Connell and S. Kowal, “Rhetoric,” in Communicating with One Another: Toward a Psychology of Spontaneous Spoken Discourse, S. Kowal, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2008, pp. 1–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Astronaut Photographs Explosions Over Israel And Gaza From Space,” IFLScience, 24-Jul-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Deaf/Blind Children and the Centers Serving Them,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 121879, Jul. 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Penney, “Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “A Cupful Of Vienna,” New York Times, p. NJ21, 09-Jun-2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
AbbreviationIEEE J. Sel. Top. Appl. Earth Obs. Remote Sens.
ISSN (print)1939-1404
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Computers in Earth Sciences

Other styles