How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics (J Genet). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerrick, Derrill. 2002. Geology. Serpentinite seduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1344–1345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, Bruce D., and Dennis R. Burton. 2008. Toward an AIDS vaccine. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 760–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sansom, Robert S., Sarah E. Gabbott, and Mark A. Purnell. 2010. Non-random decay of chordate characters causes bias in fossil interpretation. Nature 463: 797–800.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Archibald, J. David, W. A. Clemens, Kevin Padian, Timothy Rowe, Norman Macleod, Paul M. Barrett, Andrew Gale, et al. 2010. Cretaceous extinctions: multiple causes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 973; author reply 975-6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, Nicola, Kirsty Forrest, and Paul Cramp. 2008. Essential Guide to Acute Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Zajda, Joseph, and Holger Daun, ed. 2009. Global Values Education: Teaching Democracy and Peace. Vol. 7. Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tzu, Chuang, and Fung Yu-lan. 2016. The Human World. In Chuang-Tzu: A New Selected Translation with an Exposition of the Philosophy of Kuo Hsiang, ed. Yu-Lan Fung, 25–33. China Academic Library. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Moss Revived After 1500 Years of Permafrost. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Social Security Statements: Observations on SSA’s Plans for the Social Security Statement. GAO-11-787T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rardin, Emily A. 2017. Corporate Psychopaths and Their Proclivity for Infiltrating Organizations. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seelye, Katharine Q., Alan Blinder, and Jess Bidgood. 2017. Counterprotesters Surge Into Boston, Overshadowing a Planned Rally. New York Times, August 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tanaka 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hartung 2009; Wright 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Burton 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Scheffel et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles