How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan-Robinson, Michael. 2009. Astronomy. Probing the cold universe. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
May, Mike, and Herb Brody. 2015. Nature index 2015 Asia-Pacific. Nature 519: S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Psaltis, Demetri, Stephen R. Quake, and Changhuei Yang. 2006. Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics. Nature 442: 381–386.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hemann, Michael T., Anka Bric, Julie Teruya-Feldstein, Andreas Herbst, Jonas A. Nilsson, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, John L. Cleveland, William P. Tansey, and Scott W. Lowe. 2005. Evasion of the p53 tumour surveillance network by tumour-derived MYC mutants. Nature 436: 807–811.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2008. Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weir, Andrea B., and Margaret Collins, ed. 2013. Assessing Ocular Toxicology in Laboratory Animals. Molecular and Integrative Toxicology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanson, Graeme R., Christopher J. Noble, and Simon Benson. 2009. Molecular Sophe: An Integrated Approach to the Structural Characterization of Metalloproteins: The Next Generation of Computer Simulation Software. In High Resolution EPR: Applications to Metalloenzymes and Metals in Medicine, ed. Lawrence Berliner and Graeme Hanson, 105–173. Biological Magnetic Resonance. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. World’s Second Largest Impact Crater Was Made by a Comet. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97. IAP-95-7. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gada, Komal Kantilal. 2015. Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2009. Reason to Believe But Also To Be Cautious. New York Times, December 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowan-Robinson 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rowan-Robinson 2009; May and Brody 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (May and Brody 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hemann et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles