How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feringa, B. L. 2001. Chemistry. A new twist on chirality. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 2021–2022.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hardie, R. C., and P. Raghu. 2001. Visual transduction in Drosophila. Nature 413: 186–193.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z., K. Shibahara, and B. Stillman. 2000. PCNA connects DNA replication to epigenetic inheritance in yeast. Nature 408: 221–225.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Longkumer, Toshisangba, Swetha Kamireddy, Venkateswar Reddy Muthyala, Shaikh Akbarpasha, Gopi Krishna Pitchika, Gopinath Kodetham, Murali Ayaluru, and Dayananda Siddavattam. 2013. Acinetobacter phage genome is similar to Sphinx 2.36, the circular DNA copurified with TSE infected particles. Scientific reports 3: 2240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cortada, James W. 2014. The Essential Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Desimoni, J., C. P. Ramos, Bibiana Arcondo, F. D. Saccone, and R. C. Mercader, ed. 2009. LACAME 2008: Proceedings of the 11th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, (LACAME 2006) held in La Plata, 9-14 November 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Corless, Robert M., and Nicolas Fillion. 2013. Solving Ax = λx. In A Graduate Introduction to Numerical Methods: From the Viewpoint of Backward Error Analysis, ed. Nicolas Fillion, 239–268. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. Dark Matter Map From Hubble’s Frontier Fields. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 2.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Mass Transit Grants: Improved Management Could Reduce Misuse of Funds in UMTA’s Region IX. RCED-92-7. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg, Robert I. 2009. Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, Linda. 2017. Bold Talk On Gangs And Sugar. New York Times, June 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feringa 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Feringa 2001; Hardie and Raghu 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hardie and Raghu 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Longkumer et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles