How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alverson, Keith. 2005. Watching over the world’s oceans. Nature 434: 19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perlman, Philip S., and Jef D. Boeke. 2004. Molecular biology. Ring around the retroelement. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303: 182–184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, Jian-Yuan, Chuyang Y. Tang, and Fengwei Huo. 2014. Fabrication of porous matrix membrane (PMM) using metal-organic framework as green template for water treatment. Scientific reports 4: 3740.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Song, Young Jae, Alexander F. Otte, Young Kuk, Yike Hu, David B. Torrance, Phillip N. First, Walt A. de Heer, et al. 2010. High-resolution tunnelling spectroscopy of a graphene quartet. Nature 467: 185–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoux, Étienne. 2008. Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Qi, Ershi, Jiang Shen, and Runliang Dou, ed. 2013. The 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: Assistive Technology of Industrial Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinsent, Andrew. 2013. Aquinas and the Second Person in the Formation of Virtues. In Aquinas, Education and the East, ed. Thomas Brian Mooney and Mark Nowacki, 47–71. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Genetically Modified Lamb with Jellyfish Protein Accidentally Sold as Meat in Paris. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 23.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. RCED-94-167FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freeman, Megan Joseph. 2012. Gene-environment interaction in early onset bipolar disorder. Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2003. City College Senior Seeks Yet Another Record. New York Times, February 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alverson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Perlman and Boeke 2004; Alverson 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perlman and Boeke 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Song et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles