How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuber, Maria T. 2003. Planetary science. Learning to think like Martians. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 1694–1695.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hodas, Nathan O., and Kristina Lerman. 2014. The simple rules of social contagion. Scientific reports 4: 4343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Bo, Qianqian Wang, and Yongjun Tian. 2013. Bulk modulus for polar covalent crystals. Scientific reports 3: 3068.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Day, Peter K., Henry G. LeDuc, Benjamin A. Mazin, Anastasios Vayonakis, and Jonas Zmuidzinas. 2003. A broadband superconducting detector suitable for use in large arrays. Nature 425: 817–821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter, Johannes. 2013. Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alpay, Daniel, and Israel Gohberg, ed. 2006. The State Space Method Generalizations and Applications. Vol. 161. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Soltakhanov, Shervani Kh, Mikhail P. Yushkov, and Sergei A. Zegzhda. 2009. The Mixed Problem Of Dynamics. New Class Of Control Problems. In Mechanics of non-holonomic systems: A New Class of control systems, ed. Mikhail P. Yushkov and Sergei A. Zegzhda, 125–148. Foundations of Engineering Mechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. Neutron Star Collisions Could Reveal Secrets Of Exotic Matter. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 4.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Safety: Icing and Winter Weather-Related Recommendations That NTSB Has Issued Since 1996 (GAO-10-679SP), an E-supplement to (GAO-10-678). GAO-10-679SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullis, Joseph. 2009. The impact of the media on public opinion of the police. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben. 2017. Overlooking Slights by Trump, Saudis Plan a Lavish Welcome. New York Times, May 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zuber 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Zuber 2003; Hodas and Lerman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hodas and Lerman 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Day et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles