How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Quirin. 2007. Radar satellites: mountains to molehills. Nature 446: 22–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Jianguo, and Wu Yang. 2012. Water management. Water sustainability for China and beyond. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337: 649–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T. K., M. Overduin, and S. D. Emr. 2001. Location, location, location: membrane targeting directed by PX domains. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1881–1885.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nowacki, Mariusz, Vikram Vijayan, Yi Zhou, Klaas Schotanus, Thomas G. Doak, and Laura F. Landweber. 2008. RNA-mediated epigenetic programming of a genome-rearrangement pathway. Nature 451: 153–158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nellist, John G. 2005. Understanding Telecommunications and Lightwave Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sanchis-Alfonso, Vicente, ed. 2013. Patellar Instability Surgery in Clinical Practice. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Feinberg, Eugene A. 2012. Reduction of Discounted Continuous-Time MDPs with Unbounded Jump and Reward Rates to Discrete-Time Total-Reward MDPs. In Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma, ed. Daniel Hernández-Hernández and J. Adolfo Minjárez-Sosa, 77–97. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. Should We Be Using Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitisers? IFLScience. IFLScience. August 1.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning. LCD-79-215. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, Timothy Joseph. 2014. Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. Refurbishing a Courthouse, If Not Its Reputation. New York Times, December 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2007; Liu and Yang 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Yang 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Nowacki et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles