How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fields, Stanley. 2007. Molecular biology. Site-seeing by sequencing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 1441–1442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou, Eleni, and Frank J. Slack. 2014. Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 1459–1460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Z. X., A. W. Crompton, and A. L. Sun. 2001. A new mammaliaform from the early Jurassic and evolution of mammalian characteristics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1535–1540.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
O’Reilly, Catherine M., Simone R. Alin, Pierre-Denis Plisnier, Andrew S. Cohen, and Brent A. McKee. 2003. Climate change decreases aquatic ecosystem productivity of Lake Tanganyika, Africa. Nature 424: 766–768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malhotra, Girish. 2010. Chemical Process Simplification. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zia, Asif Iqbal. 2016. Electrochemical Sensing: Carcinogens in Beverages. Edited by Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay. Vol. 20. Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Altman, Barbara M., and Elizabeth K. Rasch. 2016. Purpose of an International Comparable Census Disability Measure. In International Measurement of Disability: Purpose, Method and Application, ed. Barbara M. Altman, 55–68. Social Indicators Research Series. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Plant That Only Grows In Diamond-Rich Soil Found. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 5.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Federal Judiciary: Information on the Weighted Filings Assigned to Senior District and Magistrate Judges in Fiscal Year 1997 in 21 District Courts. GGD-99-37R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layne, Lori Lynn. 2008. Military leadership: Encouraging enlisted personnel to participate in continuing education. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman, Michael. 2017. Who Will Fix Penn Station? New York Times, April 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fields 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fields 2007; Anastasiadou and Slack 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anastasiadou and Slack 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Reilly et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics
ISSN (print)0022-1333
ISSN (online)0973-7731

Other styles