How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2011) Concerns over nuclear energy are legitimate. Nature 471:549
A journal article with 2 authors
Iwahara J, Clore GM (2006) Detecting transient intermediates in macromolecular binding by paramagnetic NMR. Nature 440:1227–1230
A journal article with 3 authors
Huynh WU, Dittmer JJ, Alivisatos AP (2002) Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells. Science 295:2425–2427
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gong Y, Wei Z, Wang J, et al (2014) Design and fabrication of hierarchically porous carbon with a template-free method. Sci Rep 4:6349

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkataraman K (2015) Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Weisburd D, Feucht T, Hakimi I, et al (eds) (2011) To Protect and To Serve: Policing in an Age of Terrorism. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Beigi PKM, Maverakis E (2015) Diagnosis. In: Maverakis E (ed) Acrodermatitis Enteropathica: A Clinician’s Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Genetics Reveal Antarctica Was Once Too Cold For Penguins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Havill NL (2012) Therapeutic landscapes for birth: A research synthesis. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Another Exclusive Yields No. 1 Album. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Iwahara and Clore 2006; Macilwain 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iwahara and Clore 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmune Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1557-1890
ISSN (online)1557-1904
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology

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