How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmelcher P (2012) Chemistry. Molecule formation in ultrahigh magnetic fields. Science 337:302–303
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik P, Abbott A (2000) Project offers free mouse sequence. Nature 407:663–664
A journal article with 3 authors
Stott PA, Stone DA, Allen MR (2004) Human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003. Nature 432:610–614
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Porath D, Bezryadin A, de Vries S, Dekker C (2000) Direct measurement of electrical transport through DNA molecules. Nature 403:635–638

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weisberg HI (2014) Willful Ignorance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Smith D (2014) Android Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach, Third Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Wu X, Chen DZ, Li K, Sonka M (2005) The Layered Net Surface Problems in Discrete Geometry and Medical Image Segmentation. In: Deng X, Du D-Z (eds) Algorithms and Computation: 16th International Symposium, ISAAC 2005, Sanya, Hainan, China, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 17–27

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Scientists Have Found A Weird Googly-Eyed Squid On The Seafloor. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-have-found-a-weird-googlyeyed-squid-on-the-seafloor/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Postsecondary Education: Many States Collect Graduates’ Employment Information, but Clearer Guidance on Student Privacy Requirements Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marchek SP (2015) A quantitative investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) factors that influence the decision to replace obsolete systems. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) A Warning on Bankruptcy in Puerto Rico’s Debt Crisis. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmelcher 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik and Abbott 2000; Schmelcher 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smaglik and Abbott 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Porath et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmune Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1557-1890
ISSN (online)1557-1904
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Pharmacology

Other styles