How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N (2012) Materials science: Super carbon. Nature 483:S30-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Milisavljevic D, Fesen RA (2015) Supernovae. The bubble-like interior of the core-collapse supernova remnant Cassiopeia A. Science 347:526–530
A journal article with 3 authors
Goebel T, Waters MR, Dikova M (2003) The archaeology of Ushki Lake, Kamchatka, and the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas. Science 301:501–505
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Davies R, Cartwright J, Pike J, Line C (2001) Early Oligocene initiation of North Atlantic Deep Water formation. Nature 410:917–920

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine E, Comet M (2016) Nanothermites. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rattigan-Rohr J (ed) (2012) It Takes a Village: A Collaborative Assault on the Struggling Reader Dilemma. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Grothues TM (2009) A Review of Acoustic Telemetry Technology and a Perspective on its Diversification Relative to Coastal Tracking Arrays. In: Nielsen JL, Arrizabalaga H, Fragoso N, et al. (eds) Tagging and Tracking of Marine Animals with Electronic Devices. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Explosive Rage Linked To Decreased Connectivity Between Key Brain Regions. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Information Resellers: Consumer Privacy Framework Needs to Reflect Changes in Technology and the Marketplace. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blackwell PK (2017) Timbre Fantasy: An Analysis on Coloristic Choices in John Corigliano’s Etude Fantasy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira S (2017) Well, What Should Hillary Clinton Do? New York Times SR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Savage 2012; Milisavljevic and Fesen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milisavljevic and Fesen 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Davies et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmune Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1557-1890
ISSN (online)1557-1904
Immunology and Allergy
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

Other styles