How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta S (2000) A victim of truth. Nature 407:677
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark PU, Mix AC (2000) Ice sheets by volume. Nature 406:689–690
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao BS, Meijer G, Schöllkopf W (2011) Quantum reflection of He2 several nanometers above a grating surface. Science 331:892–894
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chapman MR, Robinson LS, Pinkner JS, et al (2002) Role of Escherichia coli curli operons in directing amyloid fiber formation. Science 295:851–855

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lueder E (2011) 3D Displays. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Volante L (ed) (2012) School Leadership in the Context of Standards-Based Reform: International Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Adderley R, Badii A, Wu C (2008) The Automatic Identification and Prioritisation of Criminal Networks from Police Crime Data. In: Ortiz-Arroyo D, Larsen HL, Zeng DD, et al. (eds) Intelligence and Security Informatics: First European Conference, EuroISI 2008, Esbjerg, Denmark, December 3-5, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 5–14

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Long Duration Spaceflight Dramatically Decreases Your Ability To Do Exercise. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Rail Safety: Federal Railroad Administration Should Report on Risks to the Successful Implementation of Mandated Safety Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez DJ (2010) Piloted simulation study comparing classical and robust flight control design methods. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2010) In Search of Flavors That Go Beyond The Deli Counter. New York Times NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gupta 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Clark and Mix 2000; Gupta 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clark and Mix 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chapman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmune Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1557-1890
ISSN (online)1557-1904
Immunology and Allergy
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

Other styles