How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson RG (2007) Biophysics. Going with the flow. Science 318:57–58
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki N, Tawfik DS (2009) Chaperonin overexpression promotes genetic variation and enzyme evolution. Nature 459:668–673
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacchione DA, Pratson LF, Ogston AS (2002) The shaping of continental slopes by internal tides. Science 296:724–727
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yen H-CS, Xu Q, Chou DM, et al (2008) Global protein stability profiling in mammalian cells. Science 322:918–923

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Phillips P, Pulliam A (2014) Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Boër CR (2013) Mass Customization and Sustainability: An assessment framework and industrial implementation. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Parra A, Mendes JR, Valero P, Villavicencio Ubillús M (2016) Mathematics Education in Multilingual Contexts for the Indigenous Population in Latin America. In: Barwell R, Clarkson P, Halai A, et al. (eds) Mathematics Education and Language Diversity: The 21st ICMI Study. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 67–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) A new material for quantum computing has been discovered. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Poor Preschool-Aged Children: Numbers Increase but Most Not in Preschool. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie SE (2014) Landscapes in Flux. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2005) For Now, and Possibly This Year, Talk of a Vacancy on the Court Appears to Be Mere Talk. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Larson 2007; Tokuriki and Tawfik 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki and Tawfik 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmune Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1557-1890
ISSN (online)1557-1904
Immunology and Allergy
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

Other styles