How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Graphics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tom Paulson. 2013. Epidemiology: A mortal foe. Nature 502, 7470 (October 2013), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ross Anderson and Tyler Moore. 2006. The economics of information security. Science 314, 5799 (October 2006), 610–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Wagemaker, A. P. M. Kentgens, and F. M. Mulder. 2002. Equilibrium lithium transport between nanocrystalline phases in intercalated TiO(2) anatase. Nature 418, 6896 (July 2002), 397–399.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomas R. Watters, Carl J. Leuschen, Jeffrey J. Plaut, Giovanni Picardi, Ali Safaeinili, Stephen M. Clifford, William M. Farrell, Anton B. Ivanov, Roger J. Phillips, and Ellen R. Stofan. 2006. MARSIS radar sounder evidence of buried basins in the northern lowlands of Mars. Nature 444, 7121 (December 2006), 905–908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mea A. Weinberg and Stuart J. Froum. 2012. The Dentist’s Drug and Prescription Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Henri M. J. Boffin, Giovanni Carraro, and Giacomo Beccari (Eds.). 2015. Ecology of Blue Straggler Stars. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Z. Valiev. 2006. Applications of Severe Plastic Deformations for Materials Nanostructuring Aimed at Advanced Properties. In Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation, Yuntian T. Zhu and Viktor Varyukhin (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Graphics.

Blog post
Kristy Hamilton. 2016. The Quest For The World’s Hottest Chilli. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Security Weaknesses at IRS’ Cyberfile Data Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ektha Aggarwal. 2012. South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Williams Walsh and Michael Cooper. 2011. Faltering City Testing Its Vow To Pensioners. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Graphics
AbbreviationACM Trans. Graph.
ISSN (print)0730-0301
ISSN (online)1557-7368

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