How to format your references using the American Journal of Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Hypertension (AJH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zheludev NI. Applied physics. The road ahead for metamaterials. Science. 2010; 328:582-583.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang H-I, Zeng F-G. Reduced acoustic and electric integration in concurrent-vowel recognition. Sci Rep. 2013; 3:1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorpe SKS, Holder RL, Crompton RH. Origin of human bipedalism as an adaptation for locomotion on flexible branches. Science. 2007; 316:1328-1331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eisenmesser EZ, Millet O, Labeikovsky W, Korzhnev DM, Wolf-Watz M, Bosco DA, Skalicky JJ, Kay LE, Kern D. Intrinsic dynamics of an enzyme underlies catalysis. Nature. 2005; 438:117-121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jufer M. Electric Drives. Hoboken, NJ USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Lasek W. Interleukin 12: Antitumor Activity and Immunotherapeutic Potential in Oncology. (Zagozdzon R, ed.). Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Kadir RA, Hashim ARM, Wirza R, Mustapha A. 3D Visualization of Simple Natural Language Statement Using Semantic Description. In: Badioze Zaman H, Robinson P, Petrou M, Olivier P, Shih TK, Velastin S, Nyström I, eds. Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011, pp 36-44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Hypertension.

Blog post
Andrew E. Computer Network Simulates Object Recognition In Primate Brains. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Denial of Protest Involving Solicitation’s Evaluation Standard. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brawley K. A nutrition and physical activity curriculum for pregnant women. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Ember S. Wall Street Journal Fires Reporter With Connections to Aviation Tycoon. New York Times. June 21, 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Hypertension
AbbreviationAm. J. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0895-7061
ISSN (online)1941-7225
ScopeInternal Medicine

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