How to format your references using the American Journal of Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Hypertension (AJH). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. Destressing in the geekosphere. Nature. 2004; 427:268-269.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson LC, Norberg UM. Asymmetric toes aid underwater swimming. Nature. 2000; 407:582-583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakravarty S, Kee H-Y, Völker K. An explanation for a universality of transition temperatures in families of copper oxide superconductors. Nature. 2004; 428:53-55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang H, Kong L, Zhang J, Yu G, Lv G, Zhang F, Chen X, Tian J, Fu F. The pseudoginsenoside F11 ameliorates cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity without compromising its anti-tumor activity in vivo. Sci Rep. 2014; 4:4986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management Systems. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994.
An edited book
Kole C, ed. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Oilseeds. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Kätsch C. Assessing Landscape Attributes. In: Gadow K von, Pukkala T, eds. Designing Green Landscapes. Managing Forest Ecosystems. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp 79-108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Hypertension.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. IFLScience Meets Andy Weir: No Life On Mars But We Will Go There, Says The Martian Author. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nespoli G. Impact of Supervisor Support on Employee Job Satisfaction Among Fundraising Staff Within Higher Education. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer AE. Remembering Slain Critic of Putin, Tens of Thousands March in Moscow. New York Times. March 2, 2015:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Hypertension
AbbreviationAm. J. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0895-7061
ISSN (online)1941-7225
ScopeInternal Medicine

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