How to format your references using the Cryogenics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryogenics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Pratt ST. Ultrafast dynamics. Charge transfer goes the distance. Science 2014;345:267–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Morel FMM, Price NM. The biogeochemical cycles of trace metals in the oceans. Science 2003;300:944–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bomfleur B, McLoughlin S, Vajda V. Fossilized nuclei and chromosomes reveal 180 million years of genomic stasis in royal ferns. Science 2014;343:1376–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Moskun AC, Jailaubekov AE, Bradforth SE, Tao G, Stratt RM. Rotational coherence and a sudden breakdown in linear response seen in room-temperature liquids. Science 2006;311:1907–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stanley W, Pamela B. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Jia Y, Du J, Li H, Zhang W, editors. Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Systems Conference: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cervantes-Cota JL, Klapp J. Fluids in Cosmology. In: Sigalotti LDG, Klapp J, Sira E, editors. Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics with Applications to Physics, Engineering and the Environment, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryogenics.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Is This Injectable Tanning Drug Safe To Use? IFLScience 2011.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Close Air Support: Airborne Controllers in High-Threat Areas May Not Be Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wadhwa PH. Secure building automation system using Tesla protocol. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. A Media Odd Couple Determined to Jell. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryogenics
AbbreviationCryogenics (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0011-2275
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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