How to format your references using the Cryogenics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryogenics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mooijaart S. Scientists and societies. Young genomicists get connected. Nature 2004;429:226.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Zhang L, Doudna JA. Structural insights into group II intron catalysis and branch-site selection. Science 2002;295:2084–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
McCauley E, Nelson WA, Nisbet RM. Small-amplitude cycles emerge from stage-structured interactions in Daphnia-algal systems. Nature 2008;455:1240–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rao H, Uhlmann F, Nasmyth K, Varshavsky A. Degradation of a cohesin subunit by the N-end rule pathway is essential for chromosome stability. Nature 2001;410:955–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Durenard EA. Professional Automated Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Makhlouf A, Paal E, Silvestrov SD, Stolin A, editors. Algebra, Geometry and Mathematical Physics: AGMP, Mulhouse, France, October 2011. vol. 85. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Page D, Smart N. How Long Is a Piece of String? In: Smart N, editor. What Is Computer Science?: An Information Security Perspective, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryogenics.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Science Of Doping And How Cheating Athletes Pass Drug Tests. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/science-doping-and-how-cheating-athletes-pass-drug-tests/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: The Director, Operational Test and Evaluation’s Controls Over Contractors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Contreras AG. A reproductive health program for the Latino adolescent community: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Friday File. New York Times 2014:C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryogenics
AbbreviationCryogenics (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0011-2275
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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