How to format your references using the Cryogenics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cryogenics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith B. Perspective: complexities of flavour. Nature 2012;486:S6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wolchok JD, Chan TA. Cancer: Antitumour immunity gets a boost. Nature 2014;515:496–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mansouri FA, Buckley MJ, Tanaka K. Mnemonic function of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in conflict-induced behavioral adjustment. Science 2007;318:987–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bornhop DJ, Latham JC, Kussrow A, Markov DA, Jones RD, Sørensen HS. Free-solution, label-free molecular interactions studied by back-scattering interferometry. Science 2007;317:1732–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pakurar AS, Bigbee JW. Digital Histology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Santos NC, Pasquini L, Correia ACM, Romaniello M, editors. Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics: Proceedings of the ESO/Lisbon/Aveiro Conference held in Aveiro, Portugal, 11–15 September 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Choi Y, Thummadi BV, Lyytinen K, Yoo Y. Analyzing Complex Design Processes: The Effects of Task Automation and Integration on Process Structure in Microprocessor Design. In: Helfert M, Donnellan B, editors. Practical Aspects of Design Science: European Design Science Symposium, EDSS 2011, Leixlip, Ireland, October 14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cryogenics.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Millions Of Honey Bees Killed Accidentally By Zika Mosquito Spray. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/millions-of-honey-bees-killed-accidentally-by-zika-mosquito-spray/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ADP Equipment: Buying Through GSA’s Office of Technology Plus Stores. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Li J. Growth Prediction of New Fractures in the Shadows of Existing Hydraulic Fractures in Shale Gas Formations. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices to Consider Impact of Mental Illness on Death Penalty. New York Times 2007:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCryogenics
AbbreviationCryogenics (Guildf.)
ISSN (print)0011-2275
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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