How to format your references using the Journal of Neural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman P 2015 Planetary science: Sink holes and dust jets on comet 67P Nature 523 42–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Dustin M L and Meyer-Hermann M 2012 Immunology. Antigen feast or famine Science 335 408–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Pompilio L, Kacelnik A and Behmer S T 2006 State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate Science 311 1613–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Arner P, Bernard S, Salehpour M, Possnert G, Liebl J, Steier P, Buchholz B A, Eriksson M, Arner E, Hauner H, Skurk T, Rydén M, Frayn K N and Spalding K L 2011 Dynamics of human adipose lipid turnover in health and metabolic disease Nature 478 110–3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bma 2013 Everyday Medical Ethics and Law (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Picard M H, Passeri J J and Dal-Bianco J P 2016 Intraprocedural Imaging of Cardiovascular Interventions (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Neuer M, Mosch C, Salk J, Siegmund K, Kushnarenko V, Kombrink S, Nau T and Wesner S 2015 Storage Systems for I/O-Intensive Applications in Computational Chemistry Sustained Simulation Performance 2015: Proceedings of the joint Workshop on Sustained Simulation Performance, University of Stuttgart (HLRS) and Tohoku University, 2015 ed M M Resch, W Bez, E Focht, H Kobayashi, J Qi and S Roller (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 51–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 As El Niño Bites, It’s Time To Take Stock Of Our Water IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997 FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beahm A C 2009 The political ecology of tourism development in the Ecuadorian Amazon Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling M K 2017 Wild Kingdom New York Times M2138

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neural Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Neural Eng.
ISSN (print)1741-2560
ISSN (online)1741-2552
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Other styles