How to format your references using the Serdica Journal of Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Serdica Journal of Computing (SJC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] McDonald, R.A. Animal health: How to control bovine tuberculosis, Nature. 511 (2014) 158–159.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Rappaport, S.M., and M.T. Smith. Epidemiology. Environment and disease risks, Science. 330 (2010) 460–461.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Dewar, J.M., M. Budzowska, and J.C. Walter. The mechanism of DNA replication termination in vertebrates, Nature. 525 (2015) 345–350.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
[1] Römer, P., S. Hahn, T. Jordan, T. Strauss, U. Bonas, and T. Lahaye. Plant pathogen recognition mediated by promoter activation of the pepper Bs3 resistance gene, Science. 318 (2007) 645–648.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Plumb, J.A., and L.A. Hanson. Health Maintenance and Principal Microbial Diseases of Cultured Fishes. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
[1] Amit, M., and J. Itskovitz-Eldor (Eds). Atlas of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells: Derivation and Culturing. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Wang, S., and F. Lv. Drug Screening Applications of Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes, In: Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes: Design and Biomedical Applications, (Eds: Lv, F.), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer: pp. 65–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Serdica Journal of Computing.

Blog post
[1] Fang, J. Super-Earths Have Continents Too, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. The Potential Impact of National Security Decision Directive 145 on Civil Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Christiansen, D.A. Investigation of magnetic proximity effect in ferromagnet/superconductor thin films by low temperature Magneto Optical Kerr Effect measurement, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1] Bilefsky, D., and S. Castle. Britain Says Equine Drug May Be in Food Chain, New York Times. (2013) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4, 5, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleSerdica Journal of Computing
ISSN (print)1312-6555
ISSN (online)1314-7897

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