How to format your references using the Serdica Journal of Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Serdica Journal of Computing (SJC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Begun, D.R. Anthropology. The earliest hominins--is less more?, Science. 303 (2004) 1478–1480.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Zhu, L., and J. Wang. Arbitrary manipulation of spatial amplitude and phase using phase-only spatial light modulators, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7441.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Arita, I., M. Nakane, and F. Fenner. Public health. Is polio eradication realistic?, Science. 312 (2006) 852–854.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
[1] Civra, A., V. Cagno, M. Donalisio, F. Biasi, G. Leonarduzzi, G. Poli, and D. Lembo. Inhibition of pathogenic non-enveloped viruses by 25-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Le Chevalier, F., D. Lesselier, and R. Staraj. Non-standard Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
[1] Ng, C. (Eds). Gender Responsive and Participatory Budgeting: Imperatives for Equitable Public Expenditure. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Ghasemzadeh, H., E. Guenterberg, and R. Jafari. Lightweight Signal Processing for Wearable Body Sensor Networks, In: Wearable Monitoring Systems, (Eds: Bonfiglio, A., and D. De Rossi), Boston, MA: Springer US: pp. 99–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Serdica Journal of Computing.

Blog post
[1] Luntz, S. Meta Study Confirms Homeopathy Doesn’t Work, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. “Spaces,” “Faces,” and “Bucks”: An Overview of the Role of Automated Information Systems in Managing the Enlisted Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Pundir, B. Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Pennington, B. Youth Sports Go Broke as Trusted Adults Steal, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4, 5, 7, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleSerdica Journal of Computing
ISSN (print)1312-6555
ISSN (online)1314-7897

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