How to format your references using the Serdica Journal of Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Serdica Journal of Computing (SJC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Yutzey, K.E. Regenerative biology: Neuregulin 1 makes heart muscle, Nature. 520 (2015) 445–446.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Schadt, E., and R. Chang. Genetics. A GPS for navigating DNA, Science. 337 (2012) 1179–1180.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Rougier, G.W., A.M. Forasiepi, and A.G. Martinelli. Comment on “Independent origins of middle ear bones in monotremes and therians” (II), Science. 309 (2005) 1492; author reply 1492.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
[1] Tian, Y., A. Stroppa, Y. Chai, L. Yan, S. Wang, P. Barone, S. Picozzi, and Y. Sun. Cross coupling between electric and magnetic orders in a multiferroic metal-organic framework, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6062.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Schwartz, R.A., M.G. Carew, and T. Maksimenko. Micro Markets Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
[1] Gelenbe, E., and R. Lent (Eds). Computer and Information Sciences III: 27th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Cao, Y., P. Leroux, and M. Steyaert. Radiation Hardened Bandgap References, In: Radiation-Tolerant Delta-Sigma Time-to-Digital Converters, (Eds: Leroux, P., and M. Steyaert), Cham: Springer International Publishing: pp. 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Serdica Journal of Computing.

Blog post
[1] Andrew, D. Worried About Shark Attacks Or Terrorism? Here’s How To Think About The Real Risk Of Rare Events, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Representational Funds: State Department Expenditures at Selected Posts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Hasan, S.N. Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Dollinger, A., and E. Rosenberg. Foster Father Acquitted Of Sex Abuse Charges, New York Times. (2017) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3, 4].
This sentence cites four references [4, 5, 7, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleSerdica Journal of Computing
ISSN (print)1312-6555
ISSN (online)1314-7897

Other styles