How to format your references using the Strategic Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dovidio JF (2009) Psychology. Racial bias, unspoken but heard. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326(5960): 1641–1642.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pack CC and Born RT (2001) Temporal dynamics of a neural solution to the aperture problem in visual area MT of macaque brain. Nature 409(6823): 1040–1042.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powner MW, Gerland B and Sutherland JD (2009) Synthesis of activated pyrimidine ribonucleotides in prebiotically plausible conditions. Nature 459(7244): 239–242.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cardone L, Hirayama J, Giordano F, et al. (2005) Circadian clock control by SUMOylation of BMAL1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309(5739): 1390–1394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart JM (2001) Managing for World Class Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McSweeney PLH and Fox PF (eds) (2013) Advanced Dairy Chemistry: Volume 1A: Proteins: Basic Aspects, 4th Edition. 4th ed. 2013. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Daneshvar R and Shih L (2012) Virtual Spring-Based 3D Multi-Agent Group Coordination. In: Minai AA, Braha D, and Bar-Yam Y (eds) Unifying Themes in Complex Systems VII: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Organization.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Hubble Checks Out Stunning Spiral Galaxy. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NASA Procurement: Improving the Management of Delegated Contract Functions. NSIAD-92-75, 27 March. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long RE (2011) Performance Assessment of Predicted Heat Strain in High Heat Stress Exposures. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2016) Edmonton’s Abuzz? Think Prodigy. New York Times, 27 October.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dovidio, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dovidio, 2009; Pack and Born, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pack and Born, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cardone et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Organization
AbbreviationStrateg. Organ.
ISSN (print)1476-1270
ISSN (online)1741-315X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Industrial relations

Other styles