How to format your references using the Strategic Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M (2015) Artificial organs: Honey, I shrunk the lungs. Nature 519(7544): S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scita G and Di Fiore PP (2010) The endocytic matrix. Nature 463(7280): 464–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper CB, Scammell TE and Lu J (2005) Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature 437(7063): 1257–1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rauch H, Lemmel H, Baron M, et al. (2002) Measurement of a confinement induced neutron phase. Nature 417(6889): 630–632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riegel M, Kroeselberg D, Chindapol A, et al. (2009) Deploying Mobile WiMAX. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martinez-Mayorga K and Medina-Franco JL (eds) (2014) Foodinformatics: Applications of Chemical Information to Food Chemistry. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Vayo AB (2016) What the Green Grass Hides: Denial and Deception in Suburban Detroit. In: Yang SR and Healey K (eds) Gothic Landscapes: Changing Eras, Changing Cultures, Changing Anxieties. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 107–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Organization.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) Ancient Fossilized Beetle First Ever Found In Antarctica. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Information Technology: Federal Laws, Regulations, and Mandatory Standards to Securing Private Sector Information Technology Systems and Data in Critical Infrastructure Sectors. GAO-08-1075R, 16 September. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Constantine S (2013) Supportive services for transitional and emancipated youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2011) New Nets Announcer Shows Flair and Hair. New York Times, 20 December.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2015; Scita and Di Fiore, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scita and Di Fiore, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Rauch et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Organization
AbbreviationStrateg. Organ.
ISSN (print)1476-1270
ISSN (online)1741-315X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Industrial relations

Other styles