How to format your references using the Strategic Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray HCJ Jr (2007) Linnaeus in the information age. Nature 446(7133): 259–260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons K and Mattaj IW (2011) Retrospective. Lennart Philipson (1929-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6043): 711.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDermott F, Mattey DP and Hawkesworth C (2001) Centennial-scale Holocene climate variability revealed by a high-resolution speleothem delta 18O record from SW Ireland. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5545): 1328–1331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thompson M, Haeusler RA, Good PD, et al. (2003) Nucleolar clustering of dispersed tRNA genes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5649): 1399–1401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang W, Shmulevich I and Astola J (2005) Microarray Quality Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mühlhäuser M, Ferscha A and Aitenbichler E (eds) (2008) Constructing Ambient Intelligence: AmI 2007 Workshops Darmstadt, Germany, November 7-10, 2007 Revised Papers. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang D, Yu M, Low CB, et al. (2013) Mode Tracking Techniques. In: Yu M, Low CB, and Arogeti S (eds) Model-Based Health Monitoring of Hybrid Systems. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 191–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Organization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Ordering The Vegetarian Meal? There’s More Animal Blood On Your Hands. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) USDA Proposal for Handling Conversions in ADPE Procurements. 092139, 25 March. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Builes AJ (2015) Inferring Function: A Study of Three Prehistoric Structures in El Pital, Puerto López, Manabí, Ecuador. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Week; Clinton Basks in Glow Of Easy Lead in Race. New York Times, 13 October.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Godfray, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Godfray, 2007; Simons and Mattaj, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simons and Mattaj, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Organization
AbbreviationStrateg. Organ.
ISSN (print)1476-1270
ISSN (online)1741-315X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Industrial relations

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