How to format your references using the Strategic Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vargas-Parada L (2012) Pathology: Three questions. Nature 488(7413): S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kronenberg M and Havran WL (2014) Immunology: oiling the wheels of autoimmunity. Nature 506(7486): 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland JN, Okuyama T and DeAngelis DL (2006) Comment on ‘Asymmetric coevolutionary networks facilitate biodiversity maintenance’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5795): 1887; author reply 1887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bonfil R, Meÿer M, Scholl MC, et al. (2005) Transoceanic migration, spatial dynamics, and population linkages of white sharks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310(5745): 100–103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhurin VV (2011) Industrial Ion Sources. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dillmann A, Heller G, Krämer E, et al. (eds) (2016) New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics X: Contributions to the 19th STAB/DGLR Symposium Munich, Germany, 2014. Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fortmann L, Ndhlovu A, Ndlovu A, et al. (2016) Climate Change and Social Sustainability: A Case for Polycentric Sustainabilities. In: Lal R, Kraybill D, Hansen DO, et al. (eds) Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture: Climate Change and Sustainability in Agriculture. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Organization.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Pruny Fingers Are An Evolutionary Advantage. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Commercial Maritime Industry: Updated Information on Federal Assessments. RCED-99-260, 16 September. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus JV (2017) Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Tom of Finland. New York Times, 12 October.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vargas-Parada, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kronenberg and Havran, 2014; Vargas-Parada, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kronenberg and Havran, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bonfil et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Organization
AbbreviationStrateg. Organ.
ISSN (print)1476-1270
ISSN (online)1741-315X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Industrial relations

Other styles