How to format your references using the Strategic Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNab BK (2000) Energy constraints on carnivore diet. Nature 407(6804): 584.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scita G and Di Fiore PP (2010) The endocytic matrix. Nature 463(7280): 464–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levayer R, Hauert B and Moreno E (2015) Cell mixing induced by myc is required for competitive tissue invasion and destruction. Nature 524(7566): 476–480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Suárez-López P, Wheatley K, Robson F, et al. (2001) CONSTANS mediates between the circadian clock and the control of flowering in Arabidopsis. Nature 410(6832): 1116–1120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kothari V (2008) Credit Derivatives and Structured Credit Trading. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Gatrell JD, Jensen RR, Patterson MW, et al. (eds) (2016) Urban Sustainability: Policy and Praxis. 1st ed. 2016. Geotechnologies and the Environment. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Betlemidze M (2016) Ethnic Conflicts and Deleuzo-Guattarian Rhizomes of Cultural Affirmation. In: Roy S and Shaw IS (eds) Communicating Differences: Culture, Media, Peace and Conflict Negotiation. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 68–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Organization.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) How Oil Spills From Wartime Sea Battles Nearly Wiped Out Famous Welsh Guillemots. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Satellite Control Capabilities: National Policy Could Help Consolidation and Cost Savings. NSIAD-96-77, 2 May. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koblick DC (2012) Parallel high-precision orbit propagation using the modified Picard-Chebyshev method. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2015) Marvel Pays Homage to Hip-Hop. New York Times, 30 November.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNab, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McNab, 2000; Scita and Di Fiore, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scita and Di Fiore, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Suárez-López et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Organization
AbbreviationStrateg. Organ.
ISSN (print)1476-1270
ISSN (online)1741-315X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Industrial relations

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