How to format your references using the Strategic Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frimmel HE (2002) Geology. Genesis of the world’s largest gold deposits. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297(5588): 1815–1817.
A journal article with 2 authors
Julius D and Basbaum AI (2001) Molecular mechanisms of nociception. Nature 413(6852): 203–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foulquier S, Steckelings UM and Unger T (2013) Perspective: A tale of two receptors. Nature 493(7434): S9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Solé S, Gornitzka H, Schoeller WW, et al. (2001) (Amino)(aryl)carbenes: stable singlet carbenes featuring a spectator substituent. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5523): 1901–1903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green SD (2011) Making Sense of Construction Improvement. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Pflug GC (2014) Multistage Stochastic Optimization. Pichler A (ed.). Springer Series in Operations Research and Financial Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmed N (2013) Weak Compactness in the Space of Operator Valued Measures and Optimal Control. In: Hömberg D and Tröltzsch F (eds) System Modeling and Optimization: 25th IFIP TC 7 Conference, CSMO 2011, Berlin, Germany, September 12-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Organization.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Magic Mushrooms Are Safer Than Alcohol, According To Global Study. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Department of Education Uncertain About Effectiveness of Its Special Services Program. HRD-83-13, 12 November. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelby KR (2013) Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Lee L (2015) Knit 1, Curl Up 2. New York Times, 1 January.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frimmel, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Frimmel, 2002; Julius and Basbaum, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Julius and Basbaum, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Solé et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Organization
AbbreviationStrateg. Organ.
ISSN (print)1476-1270
ISSN (online)1741-315X
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Industrial relations

Other styles