How to format your references using the Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barouch DH. Challenges in the development of an HIV-1 vaccine. Nature 2008;455:613-619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark AG, Messer PW. Evolutionary genomics. Conundrum of jumbled mosquito genomes. Science 2015;347:27-28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Persha L, Agrawal A, Chhatre A. Social and ecological synergy: local rulemaking, forest livelihoods, and biodiversity conservation. Science 2011;331:1606-1608.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ji S, Shi T, Qiu X, et al. A route to phase controllable Cu2ZnSn(S(1-x)Se(x))4 nanocrystals with tunable energy bands. Sci Rep 2013;3:2733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Damrosch D. How to Read World Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Landry CR, Aubin-Horth N, eds. Ecological Genomics: Ecology and the Evolution of Genes and Genomes. Vol 781. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. VI, 359 p. 85 illus., 57 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Muñoz P, Giner P, Pelechano V. Refining Interaction Designs through Simplicity. In: Ruyter B de, Wichert R, Keyson DV, et al., eds. Ambient Intelligence: First International Joint Conference, AmI 2010, Malaga, Spain, November 10-12, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:31-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses.

Blog post
Hale T. A Sneak Peak Of Inner City Leopards Hunting Pigs In ‘Planet Earth II’. Available at Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Support for Research and Education: Costs and Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang T. Talking to Strangers: Chinese Youth and Social Media. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Estrin J. Stanley Greene, Whose Camera Captured the Brutality of War, Dies at 68. New York Times. May 20, 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInfluenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
AbbreviationInfluenza Other Respi. Viruses
ISSN (print)1750-2640
ISSN (online)1750-2659
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles