How to format your references using the Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grimaldi D. Paleontology. Pushing back amber production. Science 2009;326:51-52.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Simmons NA, Gurrola H. Multiple seismic discontinuities near the base of the transition zone in the Earth’s mantle. Nature 2000;405:559-562.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pan X, Shao M, Kulkarni SR. A distance of 133-137 parsecs to the Pleiades star cluster. Nature 2004;427:326-328.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhao T, Zhu Y, Morinibu A, et al. HIF-1-mediated metabolic reprogramming reduces ROS levels and facilitates the metastatic colonization of cancers in lungs. Sci Rep 2014;4:3793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pike A. Origination. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Larusson JA, White B, eds. Learning Analytics: From Research to Practice. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XII, 195 p. 28 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Carlberg C, Molnár F. Linking Signal Transduction and Gene Regulation. In: Molnár F, ed. Mechanisms of Gene Regulation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014:71-89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Gravitational Waves Found Again: Here’s How They Could Whisper The Universe’s Secrets. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/physics/gravitational-waves-found-again-heres-how-they-could-whisper-the-universes-secrets/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. An Experimental Computer Output Microfilm Service Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
De Ros KM. A content analysis of television ads: Does current practice maximize cognitive processing? 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Pension Crisis in Puerto Rico Fleeces Young. New York Times. March 8, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInfluenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
AbbreviationInfluenza Other Respi. Viruses
ISSN (print)1750-2640
ISSN (online)1750-2659
ScopeEpidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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