How to format your references using the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Bourzac, “Interventions: Live long and prosper,” Nature, vol. 492, no. 7427, pp. S18-20, Dec. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Altshuler and A. G. Clark, “Genetics. Harvesting medical information from the human family tree,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5712, pp. 1052–1053, Feb. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Jenkins, J. R. Saam, and S. E. Mango, “CYK-4/GAP provides a localized cue to initiate anteroposterior polarity upon fertilization,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5791, pp. 1298–1301, Sep. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Gruszczyk et al., “Cryo-EM structure of an essential Plasmodium vivax invasion complex,” Nature, vol. 559, no. 7712, pp. 135–139, Jul. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. F. Early II, Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
B. Mohr, J. L. Träff, J. Worringen, and J. Dongarra, Eds., Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 13th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting Bonn, Germany, September 17-20, 2006 Proceedings, vol. 4192. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
R. J. Emigh, D. Riley, and P. Ahmed, “The Turn to Race and Ethnicity in the UK Censuses,” in Changes in Censuses from Imperialist to Welfare States: How Societies and States Count, D. Riley and P. Ahmed, Eds. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016, pp. 121–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Are Chimps Natural Born Killers?,” IFLScience, Sep. 17, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Activities of the National Institute of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-164031(1), Jul. 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Espinoza, “A Latina’s educational attainment and her observations of foster youth’s educational struggles: A narrative,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Moscow Never Sleeps,” New York Times, p. C9, Jun. 08, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine
ISSN (print)1939-1390
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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