How to format your references using the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Jones, “Total internal reflection,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6771, p. 707, Feb. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Punnoose and A. M. Finkel’stein, “Metal-insulator transition in disordered two-dimensional electron systems,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5746, pp. 289–291, Oct. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. M. Ferguson, C. A. Donnelly, and R. M. Anderson, “The foot-and-mouth epidemic in Great Britain: pattern of spread and impact of interventions,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5519, pp. 1155–1160, May 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. F. Cantlon, S. Cordes, M. E. Libertus, and E. M. Brannon, “Comment on ‘Log or linear? Distinct intuitions of the number scale in Western and Amazonian indigene cultures,’” Science, vol. 323, no. 5910, pp. 38; author reply 38, Jan. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Geng, Data Center Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
E. J. Van Bockstaele, Ed., Endocannabinoid Regulation of Monoamines in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Kuhn and K. Johnson, “Over-Fitting and Model Tuning,” in Applied Predictive Modeling, K. Johnson, Ed., New York, NY: Springer, 2013, pp. 61–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Self-Healing Robot Can Adapt To Injury Within Minutes,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Research and Development Programs With Regard to Short-Term Weather Phenomena,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-100063, Mar. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. H. Boyer, “Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, “Arkansas Rookie Makes Debut,” New York Times, p. B10, Apr. 06, 1993.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine
ISSN (print)1939-1390
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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