How to format your references using the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. E. Cohen, “Human population: the next half century,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5648, pp. 1172–1175, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Mumford and J. Tate, “Alexander Grothendieck (1928-2014),” Nature, vol. 517, no. 7534, p. 272, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Ye, L. Malinina, and D. J. Patel, “Recognition of small interfering RNA by a viral suppressor of RNA silencing,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6968, pp. 874–878, Dec. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Duan et al., “Development and application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for detection of the F167Y mutation of carbendazim-resistant isolates in Fusarium graminearum,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7094, Nov. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Saunders and L. Allen, Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
C. J. Zech, C. Bartolozzi, R. Baron, and M. F. Reiser, Eds., Multislice-CT of the Abdomen. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Klopfleisch, “Mammary Tumors,” in Veterinary Oncology: A Short Textbook, R. Klopfleisch, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 99–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine.

Blog post
T. Hale, “‘Xenomorph Baby’ Pokes His Feet Out Through His Mom’s Uterus,” IFLScience, 27-Dec-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Local Implementation and State Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-758, Aug. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. C. Cox, “A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin and J. Rutenberg, “Pelley Said to Be Leaving Anchor Post With CBS News,” New York Times, p. B4, 30-May-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine
ISSN (print)1939-1390
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Automotive Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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