How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foote, R., 2007. Mathematics and complex systems. Science 318, 410–412.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taira, T., Hatoyama, Y., 2011. Nuclear energy: Nationalize the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant. Nature 480, 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mihalcescu, I., Hsing, W., Leibler, S., 2004. Resilient circadian oscillator revealed in individual cyanobacteria. Nature 430, 81–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zheng, J., Shen, W., He, D.Z., Long, K.B., Madison, L.D., Dallos, P., 2000. Prestin is the motor protein of cochlear outer hair cells. Nature 405, 149–155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P., 2013. Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Broadhead, A., 2007. English for Personal Assistants: The essential handbook for doing business internationally. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Agmon, T., Sjögre, S., 2016. A Macro Perspective on the Unique Role of VC Funds in the Process from Ideas to Growth, in: Sjögren, S. (Ed.), Venture Capital and the Inventive Process: VC Funds for Ideas-Led Growth. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Watch Live As NASA Inflates The First Expandable Room On The ISS [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Reports Issued in July 1988 (No. 136598). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vallaster, J.R., 2019. Recognizing and Supporting the Forgotten Poverty Frontier: Exploring Suburban School Poverty in Elementary Schools (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Listening Hard to Softer Cries for Help. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foote, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Foote, 2007; Taira and Hatoyama, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taira and Hatoyama, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1875-5100
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

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