How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsiganis, K., 2015. Planetary science: How the Solar System didn’t form. Nature 528, 202–204.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holland, W.L., Scherer, P.E., 2013. Cell Biology. Ronning after the adiponectin receptors. Science 342, 1460–1461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norouzzadeh, P., Myles, C.W., Vashaee, D., 2014. Prediction of giant thermoelectric power factor in type-VIII clathrate Si46. Sci. Rep. 4, 7028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu, J., Li Ls, Yang, W., Manna, L., Wang Lw, Alivisatos, A.P., 2001. Linearly polarized emission from colloidal semiconductor quantum rods. Science 292, 2060–2063.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, K., 2014. Materials in Energy Conversion, Harvesting, and Storage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Padois, V., Bidaud, P., Khatib, O. (Eds.), 2013. Romansy 19 – Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of the 19th CISM-Iftomm Symposium, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Paul, T.T., Dennis, A., George, G., 2016. A Review of Remote Sensing Techniques for the Visualization of Mangroves, Reefs, Fishing Grounds, and Molluscan Settling Areas in Tropical Waters, in: Finkl, C.W., Makowski, C. (Eds.), Seafloor Mapping along Continental Shelves: Research and Techniques for Visualizing Benthic Environments, Coastal Research Library. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 105–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. First Complete Mapping Of Human Proteome Discovers 193 New Proteins [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Federal Student Loans: Key Weaknesses Limit Education’s Management of Contractors (No. GAO-16-196T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eyers, B.M., 2011. An Analysis of Remote Biometric Authentication with Windows (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Gently, Neighbors Want Statue to Find a Home. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsiganis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Holland and Scherer, 2013; Tsiganis, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holland and Scherer, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1875-5100
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

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