How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hodges, A., 2012. Computer science. Beyond Turing’s machines. Science 336, 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bourne, H.R., Weiner, O., 2002. A chemical compass. Nature 419, 21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O.R., Reuman, D.C., Ewers, R.M., 2013. Response to comment on “Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon.” Science 339, 271.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Frost, D.J., Liebske, C., Langenhorst, F., McCammon, C.A., Trønnes, R.G., Rubie, D.C., 2004. Experimental evidence for the existence of iron-rich metal in the Earth’s lower mantle. Nature 428, 409–412.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), 2011. Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Radtke, M., Schmidt, K.D., Schnaus, A. (Eds.), 2016. Handbook on Loss Reserving, EAA Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Le Romancer, M., Poulard, C., Sentis, S., Corbo, L., 2012. Post-translational Modifications of ER Alpha in Rapid Estrogen’s Action, in: Castoria, G., Migliaccio, A. (Eds.), Advances in Rapid Sex-Steroid Action: New Challenges and New Chances in Breast and Prostate Cancers. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Bacteria In Ancient Andean Mummies Had Genes For Antibiotic Resistance [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain (No. GAO-07-910T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ku, Y., 2010. Dealing with historical issues in Japan and Germany: Ruling coalitions, transnational activism, and conservative reaction (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2016. Violence in Milwaukee Was No Shock to Some. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hodges, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bourne and Weiner, 2002; Hodges, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bourne and Weiner, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Frost et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1875-5100
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

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