How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrari, G., 2015. Physics. Dynamics of a cold quantum gas. Science 347, 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knobel, R.G., Cleland, A.N., 2003. Nanometre-scale displacement sensing using a single electron transistor. Nature 424, 291–293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mackenzie, R.B., Dewberry, C.T., Leopold, K.R., 2015. SULFUR CHEMISTRY. Gas phase observation and microwave spectroscopic characterization of formic sulfuric anhydride. Science 349, 58–61.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buckling, A., Craig Maclean, R., Brockhurst, M.A., Colegrave, N., 2009. The Beagle in a bottle. Nature 457, 824–829.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sestina, J.E., 2016. Planning a Successful Future. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Degiorgio, V., 2016. Photonics: A Short Course, 2nd ed. 2016. ed, Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
John, N.W., 2008. Segmentation of Radiological Images, in: Neri, E., Caramella, D., Bartolozzi, C. (Eds.), Image Processing in Radiology: Current Applications, Medical Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Our Stone Tool Discovery Pushes Back The Archaeological Record By 700,000 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations (No. RCED-88-77). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, K.L., 2017. Patient and Family Engagement Initiative: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. Their Nemesis on the Ropes, the Jets Fail to Land a Knockout. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferrari, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferrari, 2015; Knobel and Cleland, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knobel and Cleland, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Buckling et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1875-5100
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

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