How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelin, Y., 2005. Geochemistry. A tale of early Earth told in zircons. Science 310, 1914–1915.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boolchand, P., Bresser, W.J., 2001. Mobile silver ions and glass formation in solid electrolytes. Nature 410, 1070–1073.
A journal article with 3 authors
True, H.L., Berlin, I., Lindquist, S.L., 2004. Epigenetic regulation of translation reveals hidden genetic variation to produce complex traits. Nature 431, 184–187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, J.J., Hu, J.M., Yang, T.N., Feng, M., Zhang, J.X., Chen, L.Q., Nan, C.W., 2014. Effect of strain on voltage-controlled magnetism in BiFeO₃-based heterostructures. Sci. Rep. 4, 4553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society, 2009. Progress in Nanotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kohlbacher, F., Herstatt, C. (Eds.), 2008. The Silver Market Phenomenon: Business Opportunities in an Era of Demographic Change. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Neri, E., Mazziotti, S., 2012. Altre applicazioni della TC Dentascan, in: Mazziotti, S. (Ed.), Il Dentascan, Springer ABC. Springer, Milano, pp. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. A Common Virus Could Help Fight Liver Cancer And Hepatitis C [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. ICBM Modernization: Status, Survivable Basing Issues, and Need To Reestablish a National Consensus (No. NSIAD-86-200). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Levy, M.R., 2009. Visual perception and Gestalt grouping in the landscape: Are Gestalt grouping prinicples reliable indicators of visual preference? (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. The New Commitments. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amelin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Amelin, 2005; Boolchand and Bresser, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boolchand and Bresser, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1875-5100
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

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