How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kramers, J., 2001. Geology. The smile of the Cheshire cat. Science 293, 619–620.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, C.H., Wainwright, P.C., 2013. Multiple fitness peaks on the adaptive landscape drive adaptive radiation in the wild. Science 339, 208–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cremer, S., Sledge, M.F., Heinze, J., 2002. Chemical mimicry: male ants disguised by the queen’s bouquet. Nature 419, 897.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alsos, I.G., Eidesen, P.B., Ehrich, D., Skrede, I., Westergaard, K., Jacobsen, G.H., Landvik, J.Y., Taberlet, P., Brochmann, C., 2007. Frequent long-distance plant colonization in the changing Arctic. Science 316, 1606–1609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannataro, M., Guzzi, P.H., 2011. Data Management of Protein Interaction Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wilson, D. (Ed.), 2005. Paediatric Musculoskeletal Disease: With an Emphasis on Ultrasound, Medical Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Alzoubi, Y.I., Gill, A.Q., 2016. An Agile Enterprise Architecture-Driven Model for Geographically Distributed Agile Development, in: Vogel, D., Guo, X., Linger, H., Barry, C., Lang, M., Schneider, C. (Eds.), Transforming Healthcare Through Information Systems: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Information Systems Development, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Earth’s Atmosphere Was Once Much Thinner Than We Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Education for Disadvantaged Children: Research Purpose and Design Features Affect Conclusions Drawn From Key Studies (No. HEHS-00-168). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walters, L.A., 2015. A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Employee Attitudes, Awareness, and Satisfaction with Regard to the University Employee Wellness Program (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramers, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kramers, 2001; Martin and Wainwright, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Wainwright, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Alsos et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)1875-5100
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

Other styles