How to format your references using the Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery (ICVTS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1] Motavalli J. Technology: A solid future. Nature 2015;526:S96-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1] Nechiporuk A, Raible DW. FGF-dependent mechanosensory organ patterning in zebrafish. Science 2008;320:1774–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1] Mookherjee M, Stixrude L, Karki B. Hydrous silicate melt at high pressure. Nature 2008;452:983–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1] Devarapalli RR, Debgupta J, Pillai VK, Shelke MV. C@SiNW/TiO2 core-shell nanoarrays with sandwiched carbon passivation layer as high efficiency photoelectrode for water splitting. Sci Rep 2014;4:4897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1] Mazze RS, Strock ES, Simonson GD, Bergenstal RM. Staged Diabetes Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
[1] Olla P, editor. Space Technologies for the Benefit of Human Society and Earth. 1st ed. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1] Cordella M, Poiani A. The Existential Dimension of Cancer. In: Poiani A, Ed. Behavioural Oncology: Psychological, Communicative, and Social Dimensions Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp. 225–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery.

Blog post
[1] Andrews R. Experimental Zika Vaccine To Begin Human Trials. IFLScience. IFLScience 2016 [accessed 2018] .Available from https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/experimental-zika-vaccine-begin-human-trials/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1] Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability for School Safety Inspections. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1] Cherukuri H. 1, 3-Dipolar Reaction of gem-Dicyanoepoxide with a Fluoro-Olefin. Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1] Novick SM. Reaching Across the Menu Divide. New York Times. 2015 Nov. 8LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInteractive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery
ISSN (print)1569-9293
ISSN (online)1569-9285
Scope

Other styles