How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kreeger, Working your way into industry, Nature. 419 (2002) 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Ishikawa, G.N. Barber, STING is an endoplasmic reticulum adaptor that facilitates innate immune signalling, Nature. 455 (2008) 674–678.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Betschinger, K. Mechtler, J.A. Knoblich, The Par complex directs asymmetric cell division by phosphorylating the cytoskeletal protein Lgl, Nature. 422 (2003) 326–330.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Zeng, G. Ungar, Y. Liu, V. Percec, A.E. Dulcey, J.K. Hobbs, Supramolecular dendritic liquid quasicrystals, Nature. 428 (2004) 157–160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.J. Provost, K.L. Colabroy, B.S. Kelly, M.A. Wallert, The Science of Cooking, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
R.J. Abrahart, L.M. See, D.P. Solomatine, eds., Practical Hydroinformatics: Computational Intelligence and Technological Developments in Water Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Gavrilovska, K. Schwan, H. Amur, B. Krishnan, J. Vidyashankar, C. Wang, M. Wolf, Understanding and Managing IT Power Consumption: A Measurement-Based Approach, in: Y. Joshi, P. Kumar (Eds.), Energy Efficient Thermal Management of Data Centers, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2012: pp. 169–197.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience.

Blog post
T. Hale, Japanese Mission To Clean Up Space Junk Ends In Total Failure, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Federal Policies and Practices for Acquiring Information Technology Can Be Improved], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Stoecker, Transfer of Topic-Prominence in Chinese-English Interlanguage, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Dodgers’ Late-Inning Gamble Backfires in Cubs’ Timely Grand Slam, New York Times. (2016) SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Geoscience
ISSN (print)2468-256X

Other styles