How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Bertrand, Chemistry. The modest undressing of a silicon center, Science. 305 (2004) 783–785.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.L. Holland, P.E. Scherer, Cell Biology. Ronning after the adiponectin receptors, Science. 342 (2013) 1460–1461.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.T. Bueno, N. Shchukina, A.A. Ramos, A substantial amount of hidden magnetic energy in the quiet Sun, Nature. 430 (2004) 326–329.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.D. Brandon, M. Humayun, I.S. Puchtel, I. Leya, M. Zolensky, Osmium isotope evidence for an s-process carrier in primitive chondrites, Science. 309 (2005) 1233–1236.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.J. Wootton, C. Smith, Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
K. Janowicz, M. Raubal, S. Levashkin, eds., GeoSpatial Semantics: Third International Conference, GeoS 2009, Mexico City, Mexico, December 3-4, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Kubicek, R. Cimander, H.J. Scholl, Selection and Classification of Case Studies, in: R. Cimander, H.J. Scholl (Eds.), Organizational Interoperability in E-Government: Lessons from 77 European Good-Practice Cases, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 65–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience.

Blog post
R. Andrews, World’s Most Ambitious Project To Explore Atlantic Ocean Kicks Off, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Medicaid: States’ Efforts to Maximize Federal Reimbursements Highlight Need for Improved Federal Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Z.J. McCorvey, Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Soloski, The Ethics of Telling Someone Else’s Story, New York Times. (2015) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Geoscience
ISSN (print)2468-256X

Other styles