How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Jungwirth, A chemist realizes that popularity is no measure of strength, Nature. 460 (2009) 555.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Camilli, B.L. Bassler, Bacterial small-molecule signaling pathways, Science. 311 (2006) 1113–1116.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Khudiyev, O. Tobail, M. Bayindir, Tailoring self-organized nanostructured morphologies in kilometer-long polymer fiber, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4864.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Olsen, V.J. Munster, A. Wallensten, J. Waldenström, A.D.M.E. Osterhaus, R.A.M. Fouchier, Global patterns of influenza a virus in wild birds, Science. 312 (2006) 384–388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V.V. Zhurin, Industrial Ion Sources, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
Q. Liang, J. Mu, W. Wang, B. Zhang, eds., Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Dicuangco-Valdez, P. Moree, P. Solé, On the Existence of Hermitian Self-Dual Extended Abelian Group Codes, in: B. Heim, M. Al-Baali, T. Ibukiyama, F. Rupp (Eds.), Automorphic Forms: Research in Number Theory from Oman, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 67–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Fitness Versus Fatness: Which Matters More?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Amtrak: Limited Income From the Revenue Enhancement Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.J. Hooper, Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Branch, The Science Behind the Squeak, New York Times. (2017) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Geoscience
ISSN (print)2468-256X

Other styles