How to format your references using the Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Marx, When disease strikes from nowhere, Nature. 513 (2014) 445–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.E. Winkowski, E.I. Knudsen, Top-down gain control of the auditory space map by gaze control circuitry in the barn owl, Nature. 439 (2006) 336–339.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.R. Young, A.J. Roberts, G. Stuhne, Reproductive pair correlations and the clustering of organisms, Nature. 412 (2001) 328–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.G. Jessop, D.J. Heldebrant, X. Li, C.A. Eckert, C.L. Liotta, Green chemistry: reversible nonpolar-to-polar solvent, Nature. 436 (2005) 1102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, Guidelines for Chemical Transportation Safety, Security, and Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
A. Dorsman, J.L. Simpson, W. Westerman, eds., Energy Economics and Financial Markets, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
D.J. Attard, Mediterranean Maritime Jurisdictional Claims: A Review, in: J. Basedow, U. Magnus, R. Wolfrum (Eds.), The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2009 & 2010, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 89–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Natural Gas Geoscience.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How Spiders Spin Electrically Charged Threads, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Infrastructure: Central Artery/Tunnel Project Faces Financial Uncertainties, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Matsuda, Computational proposal for locating local defects in superconducting tapes, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pols, Out of the Ashes, New York Times. (2017) BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Natural Gas Geoscience
ISSN (print)2468-256X

Other styles