How to format your references using the Cognitive Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zasloff M (2002) Antimicrobial peptides of multicellular organisms. Nature 415:389–395
A journal article with 2 authors
Tallis H, Lubchenco J (2014) Working together: A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515:27–28
A journal article with 3 authors
Vaupel JW, Carey JR, Christensen K (2003) Aging. It’s never too late. Science 301:1679–1681
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mitchell A, Romano GH, Groisman B, et al (2009) Adaptive prediction of environmental changes by microorganisms. Nature 460:220–224

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel F (2014) Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Holz T, Bos H (eds) (2011) Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment: 8th International Conference; DIMVA 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 7-8, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ramsay T, Smith W, Manderson L (2012) Brahma Kumaris: Purity and the Globalization of Faith. In: Manderson L, Smith W, Tomlinson M (eds) Flows of Faith: Religious Reach and Community in Asia and the Pacific. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Processing.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Conservationist To Fly Thousands Of Kilometers Alongside Migrating Swans On Epic Journey. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/daring-conservationist-fly-7000-kilometers-alongside-migrating-swans-epic-journey/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Technology Assessment: Explosives Detection Technologies to Protect Passenger Rail. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall SL (2010) Psychologists’ use of, familiarity, and comfort with Alcoholics Anonymous Slogans in psychotherapy. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2016) The Rough Read That Was ‘Ulysses.’ New York Times C25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zasloff 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Zasloff 2002; Tallis and Lubchenco 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tallis and Lubchenco 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mitchell et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Processing
AbbreviationCogn. Process.
ISSN (print)1612-4782
ISSN (online)1612-4790
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
General Medicine
Cognitive Neuroscience
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles