How to format your references using the Oxford German Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxford German Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waldrop, M. Mitchell, ‘Physics Meets Cancer: The Disruptor’, Nature, 474 (2011), 20–22
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaw, Reuben J., and Lewis C. Cantley, ‘Ras, PI(3)K and MTOR Signalling Controls Tumour Cell Growth’, Nature, 441 (2006), 424–30
A journal article with 3 authors
McGaha, Tracy L., Brian Sorrentino, and Jeffrey V. Ravetch, ‘Restoration of Tolerance in Lupus by Targeted Inhibitory Receptor Expression’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307 (2005), 590–93
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamashita, Akihiro, Shiying Liu, Knut Woltjen, Bradley Thomas, Guoliang Meng, Akitsu Hotta, and others, ‘Cartilage Tissue Engineering Identifies Abnormal Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells’, Scientific Reports, 3 (2013), 1978

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu, Petre P., Wilhelm W. Kecs, and Antonela Toma, Distribution Theory (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013)
An edited book
Ruano, António E., and Annamária R. Várkonyi-Kóczy, eds., New Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing, Studies in Computational Intelligence (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011), ccclxxii
A chapter in an edited book
Ashbolt, Nicholas J., ‘Global Warming and Trans-Boundary Movement of Waterborne Microbial Pathogens’, in Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies for Climate Change, ed. by Akimasa Sumi, Kensuke Fukushi, and Ai Hiramatsu (Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2010), pp. 71–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxford German Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan, ‘No, There’s Not A Bloody Pterosaur Flying Over Idaho’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <; [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, District of Columbia Draft Emergency Supplemental Funding Request for District of Columbia Public Schools (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 5 May 1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari, Suwarna Radhika, ‘A Tool to Automate the Process of Unit Testing of Webapplications (Criterion V1.0)’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, Ashley, and Rebecca White, ‘Gunman Fires at Moving S.U.V. in Queens, Killing One and Wounding Three Others’, New York Times, 4 January 2014, p. A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference M. Mitchell Waldrop, ‘Physics Meets Cancer: The Disruptor’, Nature, 474.7349 (2011), 20–22..
This sentence cites two references M. Mitchell Waldrop, ‘Physics Meets Cancer: The Disruptor’, Nature, 474.7349 (2011), 20–22; Reuben J. Shaw and Lewis C. Cantley, ‘Ras, PI(3)K and MTOR Signalling Controls Tumour Cell Growth’, Nature, 441.7092 (2006), 424–30..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Akihiro Yamashita and others, ‘Cartilage Tissue Engineering Identifies Abnormal Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells’, Scientific Reports, 3 (2013), 1978.

About the journal

Full journal titleOxford German Studies
AbbreviationOxf. Ger. Stud.
ISSN (print)0078-7191
ISSN (online)1745-9214
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

Other styles