How to format your references using the Oxford German Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxford German Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lowe, John B., ‘Cell Biology. Does Notch Take the Sweet Road to Success?’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307.5715 (2005), 1570–72
A journal article with 2 authors
Demirdöven, Nurettin, and John Deutch, ‘Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 305.5686 (2004), 974–76
A journal article with 3 authors
Mehta, M. R., A. K. Lee, and M. A. Wilson, ‘Role of Experience and Oscillations in Transforming a Rate Code into a Temporal Code’, Nature, 417.6890 (2002), 741–46
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gillani, Nabeel, Taha Yasseri, Rebecca Eynon, and Isis Hjorth, ‘Structural Limitations of Learning in a Crowd: Communication Vulnerability and Information Diffusion in MOOCs’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 6447

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, Tom, Low Impact Building (Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
An edited book
Chang, Maiga, Rita Kuo, Kinshuk, Gwo-Dong Chen, and Michitaka Hirose, eds., Learning by Playing. Game-Based Education System Design and Development: 4th International Conference on E-Learning and Games, Edutainment 2009, Banff, Canada, August 9-11, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009), mmmmmdclxx
A chapter in an edited book
Mottola, Gaetano, ‘La Valvola Polmonare’, in Ecocardiografia Clinica, ed. by Mary Sheppard, John Pepper, and Michael Rigby (Milano: Springer, 2006), pp. 79–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxford German Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan, ‘Balloon Capsule That Will Take People To The Edge Of Space Completes Test Flight’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <https://www.iflscience.com/space/balloon-will-take-people-edge-space-capsule-completes-test-flight/> [accessed 30 October 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Consolidation of Computer-Output-Microfilm Facilities in Hawaii (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 4 November 1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carpenter, Kelly J., ‘The Relationship between School Leadership Practices And School Climate’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben, ‘Moscow Never Sleeps’, New York Times, 8 June 2017, p. C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference John B. Lowe, ‘Cell Biology. Does Notch Take the Sweet Road to Success?’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307.5715 (2005), 1570–72..
This sentence cites two references John B. Lowe, ‘Cell Biology. Does Notch Take the Sweet Road to Success?’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307.5715 (2005), 1570–72; Nurettin Demirdöven and John Deutch, ‘Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 305.5686 (2004), 974–76 <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1093965>..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Nurettin Demirdöven and John Deutch, ‘Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars Later’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 305.5686 (2004), 974–76.
  • Three authors: M. R. Mehta, A. K. Lee, and M. A. Wilson, ‘Role of Experience and Oscillations in Transforming a Rate Code into a Temporal Code’, Nature, 417.6890 (2002), 741–46.
  • 4 or more authors: Nabeel Gillani and others, ‘Structural Limitations of Learning in a Crowd: Communication Vulnerability and Information Diffusion in MOOCs’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 6447 <https://doi.org/10.1038/srep06447>.

About the journal

Full journal titleOxford German Studies
AbbreviationOxf. Ger. Stud.
ISSN (print)0078-7191
ISSN (online)1745-9214
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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