How to format your references using the Oxford German Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxford German Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlessinger, Joseph, ‘Common and Distinct Elements in Cellular Signaling via EGF and FGF Receptors’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 306.5701 (2004), 1506–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Redmond, Stephanie A., and Jonah R. Chan, ‘Neuroscience. Revitalizing Remyelination--the Answer Is Circulating’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 336.6078 (2012), 161–62
A journal article with 3 authors
Provencio, Ignacio, Mark D. Rollag, and Ana Maria Castrucci, ‘Photoreceptive Net in the Mammalian Retina. This Mesh of Cells May Explain How Some Blind Mice Can Still Tell Day from Night’, Nature, 415.6871 (2002), 493
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keppler, Hans, Leonid S. Dubrovinsky, Olga Narygina, and Innokenty Kantor, ‘Optical Absorption and Radiative Thermal Conductivity of Silicate Perovskite to 125 Gigapascals’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 322.5907 (2008), 1529–32

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pachamanova, Dessislava A., and Frank J. Fabozzi, Simulation and Optimization in Finance (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010)
An edited book
Abdalla, Michel, and Roberto De Prisco, eds., Security and Cryptography for Networks: 9th International Conference, SCN 2014, Amalfi, Italy, September 3-5, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014),
A chapter in an edited book
Winter, Shawn S., and Jeffrey S. Taube, ‘Head Direction Cells: From Generation to Integration’, in Space,Time and Memory in the Hippocampal Formation, ed. by Dori Derdikman and James J. Knierim (Vienna: Springer, 2014), pp. 83–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxford German Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo, ‘Brazilian Peppertree Helps Fight Off Antibiotic-Resistant Superbugs’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2017)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, IT Dashboard: Agencies Are Managing Investment Risk, but Related Ratings Need to Be More Accurate and Available (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 12 December 2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mirzalou, Rana, ‘Design and Simulation of an 8-PSK Super Regenerative Receiver with New Phase Detection Technique’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, Michael S., and Matt Apuzzo, ‘Mueller’s Moves Point to Inquiry Aimed at Trump’, New York Times, 15 June 2017, p. A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleOxford German Studies
AbbreviationOxf. Ger. Stud.
ISSN (print)0078-7191
ISSN (online)1745-9214
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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