How to format your references using the Oxford German Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oxford German Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burke, D., ‘Time for Voices to Be Raised’, Nature, 405.6786 (2000), 509
A journal article with 2 authors
Victor, David G., and Charles F. Kennel, ‘Climate Policy: Ditch the 2 °C Warming Goal’, Nature, 514.7520 (2014), 30–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeng, M-S, N. K. Ng, and P. K. L. Ng, ‘Feeding Behaviour: Hydrothermal Vent Crabs Feast on Sea “Snow”’, Nature, 432.7020 (2004), 969
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nguyen, Tailuan, Andrew D. Sutton, Marcin Brynda, James C. Fettinger, Gary J. Long, and Philip P. Power, ‘Synthesis of a Stable Compound with Fivefold Bonding between Two Chromium(I) Centers’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 310.5749 (2005), 844–47

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coussy, Olivier, Poromechanics (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005)
An edited book
Nolta, Jan A., ed., Genetic Engineering of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Zan, and Jie Chen, ‘Housing Affordability in Urban China: Regional Study’, in Housing Affordability and Housing Policy in Urban China, ed. by Jie Chen, SpringerBriefs in Economics (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014), pp. 73–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oxford German Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo, ‘Curiosity Takes A Deeper Look At The Sand Dunes Of Mars’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2017) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Vocational Education: Opportunity to Prepare for the Future (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 10 May 1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lingley-Papadopoulos, Colleen A., ‘Image Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Images of the Urinary Bladder for the Recognition of Bladder Cancer’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda, ‘Justices Back Underwriters On New Issues’, New York Times, 19 June 2007, p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleOxford German Studies
AbbreviationOxf. Ger. Stud.
ISSN (print)0078-7191
ISSN (online)1745-9214
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

Other styles