How to format your references using the Journal of Music Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Music Technology and Education (JMTE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bouwmeester, D. (2014), 'Quantum mechanics. The quantum nondemolition derby', Science (New York, N.Y.), 344:6189, pp. 1224–1226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao, T. and Xin, K. (2014), 'Public health: A sustainable plan for China’s drinking water', Nature, 511:7511, pp. 527–528.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gasparini, Z., Pol, D. and Spalletti, L. A. (2006), 'An unusual marine crocodyliform from the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary of Patagonia', Science (New York, N.Y.), 311:5757, pp. 70–73.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schwenk, J., Metz, M., Zolles, G., Turecek, R., Fritzius, T., Bildl, W., … Bettler, B. (2010), 'Native GABA(B) receptors are heteromultimers with a family of auxiliary subunits', Nature, 465:7295, pp. 231–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker, A. A. (2006), Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Skiadas, C. H. (Ed.) (2010), Advances in Data Analysis: Theory and Applications to Reliability and Inference, Data Mining, Bioinformatics, Lifetime Data, and Neural Networks, Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Seki, S., Sakurai, T., Omichi, M., Saeki, A. and Sakamaki, D. (2015), 'Bio-compatible Nanomaterials', in T. Sakurai, , M. Omichi, , A. Saeki, , and D. Sakamaki, (Eds.), High-Energy Charged Particles: Their Chemistry and Use as Versatile Tools for Nanofabrication, pp. 27–39, Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Music Technology and Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 11), 'Here’s A Glorious List Of All The Animals Known To Fart',
retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999), Department of Energy: Problems in the Management and Use of Supercomputers, No. T-RCED-99-257, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner, T. (2015), California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rossellini, I. (1996, November 24), 'The Sphinx: Greta Garbo', New York Times, p. 685

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morell 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kuratani 2013; Tracey 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tao and Xin 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gasparini, Pol, and Spalletti 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kumar et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Music Technology and Education
AbbreviationJ. Music Technol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1752-7066
ISSN (online)1752-7074
Computer Science Applications

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