How to format your references using the Journal of Music Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Music Technology and Education (JMTE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2002), 'Winning universities set out to fulfil Japan’s plans for excellence', Nature, 419:6907, pp. 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eeva, T. and Lehikoinen, E. (2000), 'Recovery of breeding success in wild birds', Nature, 403:6772, pp. 851–852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parsons, T., Ji, C. and Kirby, E. (2008), 'Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin', Nature, 454:7203, pp. 509–510.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sibley, D. A., Bevier, L. R., Patten, M. A. and Elphick, C. S. (2006), 'Comment on ‘Ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) persists in continental North America’', Science (New York, N.Y.), 311:5767, pp. 1555; author reply 1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage, J.-P. and Mori, Y. (2013), Sonar and Underwater Acoustics, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zolghadri, A. (2014), Fault Diagnosis and Fault-Tolerant Control and Guidance for Aerospace Vehicles: From Theory to Application, (D. Henry, J. Cieslak, D. Efimov, & P. Goupil, Eds.)London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamaguchi, M. and Miura, T. (2014), 'Incremental Patterns in Text Search', in F. Zavoral, , J. J. Jung, , and C. Badica, (Eds.), Intelligent Distributed Computing VII: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing - IDC 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, September 2013, pp. 23–30, Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Music Technology and Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 22), 'HIV-Killing Condom Approved in Australia',
retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994), Information Superhighway: Issues Affecting Development, No. RCED-94-285, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Komatsuzaki, T. (2012), Borrowing constraints and the business cycle in emerging markets, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, February 20), 'Justices to Revisit Thorny Issue of Sentencing Guidelines in First Cases After Recess', New York Times, p. A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2002; Eeva and Lehikoinen 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eeva and Lehikoinen 2000)
  • Three authors: (Parsons, Ji, and Kirby 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sibley, Bevier, Patten, and Elphick 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Music Technology and Education
AbbreviationJ. Music Technol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1752-7066
ISSN (online)1752-7074
Computer Science Applications

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