How to format your references using the Journal of Music Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Music Technology and Education (JMTE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corbel, S. (2004), 'Astronomy. Watching black holes spin', Science (New York, N.Y.), 303:5663, pp. 1480–1481.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D. and Brenner, S. (2008), 'Obituary: Seymour Benzer (1921-2007)', Nature, 451:7175, pp. 139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, D. M., Overpeck, J. T. and Gupta, A. K. (2002), 'Increase in the Asian southwest monsoon during the past four centuries', Science (New York, N.Y.), 297:5581, pp. 596–599.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
LeMieux, M. C., Roberts, M., Barman, S., Jin, Y. W., Kim, J. M. and Bao, Z. (2008), 'Self-sorted, aligned nanotube networks for thin-film transistors', Science (New York, N.Y.), 321:5885, pp. 101–104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utas, G. (2006), Robust Communications Software, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ansari, F. (Ed.) (2005), Sensing Issues in Civil Structural Health Monitoring, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Benešová, V. and Bojar, O. (2006), 'Czech Verbs of Communication and the Extraction of Their Frames', in P. Sojka, , I. Kopeček, , and K. Pala, (Eds.), Text, Speech and Dialogue: 9th International Conference, TSD 2006, Brno, Czech Republic, September 11-15, 2006. Proceedings, pp. 29–36, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Music Technology and Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 16), 'Why Do Some People Feel The Cold More Than Others?',
retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983), Poor Design and Management Hamper Army’s Basic Skills Education Program, No. FPCD-83-19, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, M. L. (2017), Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, April 18), 'Cafeteria Fare, Korean-Style', New York Times, p. NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corbel 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Brenner 2008; Corbel 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Brenner 2008)
  • Three authors: (Anderson, Overpeck, and Gupta 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (LeMieux et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Music Technology and Education
AbbreviationJ. Music Technol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1752-7066
ISSN (online)1752-7074
Computer Science Applications

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