How to format your references using the Journal of Music Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Music Technology and Education (JMTE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tully, J. C. (2006), 'Chemistry. Mode-selective control of surface reactions', Science (New York, N.Y.), 312:5776, pp. 1004–1005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, J. N. and Cunningham, B. M. (2002), 'Geographic structure and dynamics of coevolutionary selection', Nature, 417:6890, pp. 735–738.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins, M. W., Welters, W. J. and Weekamp, J. W. (2001), 'Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure', Science (New York, N.Y.), 291:5502, pp. 277–280.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vincent, J. L., Patel, G. H., Fox, M. D., Snyder, A. Z., Baker, J. T., Van Essen, D. C., … Raichle, M. E. (2007), 'Intrinsic functional architecture in the anaesthetized monkey brain', Nature, 447:7140, pp. 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowen, C. (2015), Children’s Speech Sound Disorders, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Peer, S. and Gruber, H. (Eds.) (2013), Atlas of Peripheral Nerve Ultrasound: With Anatomic and MRI Correlation, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Saneto, R. P. and Cohen, B. H. (2013), 'Alpers–Huttenlocher Syndrome, Polymerase Gamma 1, and Mitochondrial Disease', in L.-J. C. Wong, (Ed.), Mitochondrial Disorders Caused by Nuclear Genes, pp. 73–89, New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Music Technology and Education.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 7), 'Scientists Reveal How To Erase Painful Memories',
retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985), Proprietary School Compliance With Requirements of the Pell Grant Program, No. 127542, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tahira, A. (2017), Synthesis of Bivalent Organothiophosphate Inhibitors and Their Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase: Studies towards a Potential Treatment of Cognitive Loss Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, July 14), 'Star-Struck', New York Times, p. BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tully 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Cunningham 2002; Tully 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Cunningham 2002)
  • Three authors: (Prins, Welters, and Weekamp 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vincent et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Music Technology and Education
AbbreviationJ. Music Technol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1752-7066
ISSN (online)1752-7074
Computer Science Applications

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