How to format your references using the Journal of Music Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Music Technology and Education (JMTE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch, I. (2008), 'Quantum gases', Science (New York, N.Y.), 319:5867, pp. 1202–1203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stolow, A. and Jonas, D. M. (2004), 'Chemistry. Multidimensional snapshots of chemical dynamics', Science (New York, N.Y.), 305:5690, pp. 1575–1577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oganov, A. R., Brodholt, J. P. and Price, G. D. (2001), 'The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle', Nature, 411:6840, pp. 934–937.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thacker, S. A., Robinson, P., Abel, A. and Tweardy, D. J. (2013), 'Modulation of the unfolded protein response during hepatocyte and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in trauma/hemorrhagic shock', Scientific Reports, 3, pp. 1187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, A. E., Geiger, G. and Fine, H. A. (2011), Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in Material Processing, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shrum, W., Benson, K. R., Bijker, W. E. and Brunnstein, K. (Eds.) (2007), Past, Present and Future of Research in the Information Society, Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera, F. and Lozano, M. (2009), 'Fuzzy Evolutionary Algorithms and Genetic Fuzzy Systems: A Positive Collaboration between Evolutionary Algorithms and Fuzzy Systems', in C. L. Mumford, and L. C. Jain, (Eds.), Computational Intelligence: Collaboration, Fusion and Emergence, pp. 83–130, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Music Technology and Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 23), 'To Breathe, Immature Beetles Flex Their Abs Like Belly Dancers',
retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995), Direct Student Loans, No. HEHS-95-225R, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McNeil, J. N. (2017), ‘I noticed something wrong’: Lived experiences of women of color who faced a protracted journey to diagnosis with lupus, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2013, December 12), 'Embracing Miami’s Past And Future', New York Times, p. D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloch 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bloch 2008; Stolow and Jonas 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stolow and Jonas 2004)
  • Three authors: (Oganov, Brodholt, and Price 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thacker, Robinson, Abel, and Tweardy 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Music Technology and Education
AbbreviationJ. Music Technol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1752-7066
ISSN (online)1752-7074
Computer Science Applications

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