How to format your references using the Journal of Music Technology and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Music Technology and Education (JMTE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joughin, I. (2006), 'Climate change. Greenland rumbles louder as glaciers accelerate', Science (New York, N.Y.), 311:5768, pp. 1719–1720.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazzaro, B. P. and Rolff, J. (2011), 'Immunology. Danger, microbes, and homeostasis', Science (New York, N.Y.), 332:6025, pp. 43–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kormendy, J., Bender, R. and Cornell, M. E. (2011), 'Supermassive black holes do not correlate with galaxy disks or pseudobulges', Nature, 469:7330, pp. 374–376.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stocker, H., Andjelkovic, M., Oldham, S., Laffargue, M., Wymann, M. P., Hemmings, B. A. and Hafen, E. (2002), 'Living with lethal PIP3 levels: viability of flies lacking PTEN restored by a PH domain mutation in Akt/PKB', Science (New York, N.Y.), 295:5562, pp. 2088–2091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenbaum, J. and Pearl, J. (2009), Investment Banking, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Trüeb, R. M. and Tobin, D. J. (Eds.) (2010), Aging Hair, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cho, J. R., Park, J. and Sano, Y. (2013), 'Edge-disjoint Decompositions of Complete Multipartite Graphs into Gregarious Long Cycles', in J. Akiyama, , M. Kano, , and T. Sakai, (Eds.), Computational Geometry and Graphs: Thailand-Japan Joint Conference, TJJCCGG 2012, Bangkok, Thailand, December 6-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, pp. 57–63, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Music Technology and Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 14), 'Polar Bear Evolution Was Fast and Fatty',
retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991), Delays in Critical Air Traffic Control Modernization Projects Require Increased FAA Attention to Existing Systems, No. T-IMTEC-91-14, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, S. L. (2008), Ninth grade transition: Best practices for a successful transition to high school, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, April 15), 'Old Is Good, Cheaper Is Better', New York Times, p. E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joughin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Joughin 2006; Lazzaro and Rolff 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lazzaro and Rolff 2011)
  • Three authors: (Kormendy, Bender, and Cornell 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stocker et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Music Technology and Education
AbbreviationJ. Music Technol. Educ.
ISSN (print)1752-7066
ISSN (online)1752-7074
Computer Science Applications

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