How to format your references using the Journal of Multinational Financial Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Multinational Financial Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakalar, N., 2012. Sensory science: partners in flavour. Nature 486, S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Godula, K., Sames, D., 2006. C-H bond functionalization in complex organic synthesis. Science 312, 67–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins, J.F., McIntyre, K., Schrag, D.P., 2002. The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean. Science 298, 1769–1773.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, W.H., Gu, Z., Wang, H., Nekrutenko, A., 2001. Evolutionary analyses of the human genome. Nature 409, 847–849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker, D., 2011. Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Nagel, W.E., Kröner, D.B., Resch, M.M. (Eds.), 2012. High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’11: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramamurthy, T., Nair, G.B., 2007. Foodborne Pathogenic Vibrios, in: Simjee, S. (Ed.), Foodborne Diseases, Infectious Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 115–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Multinational Financial Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Cyborg Roses Could Be Used To Grow Computer Systems [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-95-17(4)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dzubaty, D.R., 2013. Understanding the undergraduate experience of the baccalaureate nursing student with English as an additional language (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. Review: ‘My Blind Brother,’ Who Is Also a Major Pain. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bakalar, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bakalar, 2012; Godula and Sames, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Godula and Sames, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Multinational Financial Management
AbbreviationJ. Multinatl. Financ. Manage.
ISSN (print)1042-444X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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