How to format your references using the Journal of Multinational Financial Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Multinational Financial Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGill, B., 2015. Biodiversity: Land use matters. Nature 520, 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung, A.Y., Wu H, M., 2001. Plant biology. Pollen tube guidance--right on target. Science 293, 1441–1442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Q.D., Gotthelf, E.V., Lang, C.C., 2002. A faint discrete source origin for the highly ionized iron emission from the Galactic Centre region. Nature 415, 148–150.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kohli, P., Harrell, C.C., Cao, Z., Gasparac, R., Tan, W., Martin, C.R., 2004. DNA-functionalized nanotube membranes with single-base mismatch selectivity. Science 305, 984–986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raymond, S.U., 2013. Recession, Recovery, and Renewal: Long-Term Nonprofit Strategies for Rapid Economic Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Willems, J.C., Hara, S., Ohta, Y., Fujioka, H. (Eds.), 2010. Perspectives in Mathematical System Theory, Control, and Signal Processing: A Festschrift in Honor of Yutaka Yamamoto on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ranawana, R., Palade, V., 2007. A Neuro-Genetic Framework for Multi-Classifier Design: An Application to Promoter Recognition in DNA Sequences, in: Jain, L.C., Palade, V., Srinivasan, D. (Eds.), Advances in Evolutionary Computing for System Design, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Multinational Financial Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Astronomers Discover Our Sun’s “Sibling” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Small Computers in the Federal Government: Management Is Needed To Realize Potential and Prevent Problems (No. AFMD-83-36). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurica, M.L., 2012. Napping in the workplace as an invisible stigma: The moderating roles of raters’ nap habit, work ethic, and organizational policy (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Comfort and Spice. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGill, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung and Wu H, 2001; McGill, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheung and Wu H, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Kohli et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Multinational Financial Management
AbbreviationJ. Multinatl. Financ. Manage.
ISSN (print)1042-444X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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