How to format your references using the Journal of Multinational Financial Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Multinational Financial Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, N., 2015. OPTICS. 150 years of Maxwell’s equations. Science 349, 136–137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vecchi, G.A., Villarini, G., 2014. Atmosphere. Next season’s hurricanes. Science 343, 618–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heiling, A.M., Herberstein, M.E., Chittka, L., 2003. Pollinator attraction: Crab-spiders manipulate flower signals. Nature 421, 334.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Döring, V., Mootz, H.D., Nangle, L.A., Hendrickson, T.L., de Crécy-Lagard, V., Schimmel, P., Marlière, P., 2001. Enlarging the amino acid set of Escherichia coli by infiltration of the valine coding pathway. Science 292, 501–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weverka, P., 2010. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bellon, S., Penvern, S. (Eds.), 2014. Organic Farming, Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures: Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
McCluggage, W.G., 2014. Malignant Glandular Lesions of the Cervix, in: Tidy, J., Smith, J.H.F. (Eds.), Cellular Pathology of Glandular Lesions and Uncommon Neoplasms of the Cervix. Springer, London, pp. 71–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Multinational Financial Management.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Record Breeding Season For The Enigmatic Kākāpō Parrot [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Complete Recent Efforts to Develop Policies and Procedures to Guide Requirements Development and Management (No. GAO-06-310). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, R.N., 2017. Inclusive Classrooms: A Basic Qualitative Study of K-8 Urban Charter School Teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Bullpen Surrenders Wheeler’s Lead, but the Mets Prevail. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Engheta, 2015; Vecchi and Villarini, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vecchi and Villarini, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Döring et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Multinational Financial Management
AbbreviationJ. Multinatl. Financ. Manage.
ISSN (print)1042-444X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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