How to format your references using the Journal of Multinational Financial Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Multinational Financial Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schimel, D., 2006. Ecology. Climate change and crop yields: beyond Cassandra. Science 312, 1889–1890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomassen, M.J., Kavuru, M.S., 2014. Lung disease: Treatment by cell transplant. Nature 514, 438–440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsu, A.-L., Murphy, C.T., Kenyon, C., 2003. Regulation of aging and age-related disease by DAF-16 and heat-shock factor. Science 300, 1142–1145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, M.J., Yokomizo, T., Zeigler, B.M., Dzierzak, E., Speck, N.A., 2009. Runx1 is required for the endothelial to haematopoietic cell transition but not thereafter. Nature 457, 887–891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Batatia, H., Messai, A., 2016. Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Boelens, J.J., Wynn, R. (Eds.), 2013. Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Galindo, M.F., Saez-Atienzar, S., Solesio, M.E., Jordán, J., 2014. 6-Hydroxydopamine as Preclinical Model of Parkinson’s Disease, in: Kostrzewa, R.M. (Ed.), Handbook of Neurotoxicity. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 639–651.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Multinational Financial Management.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. We Don’t Need To Cut Down Forests To Produce More Food, Says UN Report [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits (No. NSIAD-94-54). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher, A., 2017. Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. Returning Home, and All’s Not Well. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schimel, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Schimel, 2006; Thomassen and Kavuru, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomassen and Kavuru, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Multinational Financial Management
AbbreviationJ. Multinatl. Financ. Manage.
ISSN (print)1042-444X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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