How to format your references using the Journal of Multinational Financial Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Multinational Financial Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno, I., 2011. Japan: Will the sun set on Kampo? Nature 480, S96.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oh, D.Y., Olefsky, J.M., 2010. Medicine. Wnt fans the flames in obesity. Science 329, 397–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley, P., Misura, K.M.S., Baker, D., 2005. Toward high-resolution de novo structure prediction for small proteins. Science 309, 1868–1871.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, H.X., Gao, J.E., Wu, Y., Jiao, Z.B., Ma, D., Stoica, A.D., Wang, X.L., Ren, Y., Miller, M.K., Lu, Z.P., 2013. Enhancing glass-forming ability via frustration of nano-clustering in alloys with a high solvent content. Sci. Rep. 3, 1983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Boucenna, M.L., Batatia, H., 2015. Ad Hoc Networks Telecommunications and Game Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Finnell, J.T., Dixon, B.E. (Eds.), 2016. Clinical Informatics Study Guide: Text and Review, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Onay-Besikci, A., 2014. Substrate Metabolism in the Diabetic Heart, in: Turan, B., Dhalla, N.S. (Eds.), Diabetic Cardiomyopathy: Biochemical and Molecular Mechanisms. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Multinational Financial Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Rare Footage Captures A Sleepy Whale Waking Up From A Nap [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Land Management Systems: BLM’s Actions to Improve Information Technology Management (No. GAO-01-282). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, R.A., 2010. Who am I? A biracial and interfaith woman’s perspective: A personal narrative (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steven Lee Myers;, Joyce H. Man contributed reporting for this article, 2005. Emphasizing Creativity, Not Collectivity. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuyuno, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fuyuno, 2011; Oh and Olefsky, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oh and Olefsky, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Multinational Financial Management
AbbreviationJ. Multinatl. Financ. Manage.
ISSN (print)1042-444X
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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