How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Tal, Seeking sustainability: Israel’s evolving water management strategy, Science. 313 (2006) 1081–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.J. Hannon, J.J. Rossi, Unlocking the potential of the human genome with RNA interference, Nature. 431 (2004) 371–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Fontana, L. Partridge, V.D. Longo, Extending healthy life span--from yeast to humans, Science. 328 (2010) 321–326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.L. Woodhead, F.-Q. Zhao, R. Craig, E.H. Egelman, L. Alamo, R. Padrón, Atomic model of a myosin filament in the relaxed state, Nature. 436 (2005) 1195–1199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Fernandes, Local and Regional Flaps in Head & Neck Reconstruction, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
D. Kardamakis, V. Vassiliou, E. Chow, eds., Bone Metastases: A translational and clinical approach, 1st ed., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Holzer, M. Kutrib, Cellular Automata and the Quest for Nontrivial Artificial Self-Reproduction, in: M. Gheorghe, T. Hinze, G. Păun, G. Rozenberg, A. Salomaa (Eds.), Membrane Computing: 11th International Conference, CMC 2010, Jena, Germany, August 24-27, 2010. Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 19–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy.

Blog post
S. Luntz, How Long Would It Take To Fall Through The Center Of The Earth?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Federal Role in Merchant Marine Officer Education, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.M. Arnold, An Examination of Job Satisfaction Among Full-Time Faculty in a Selected Mississippi Community College, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, C. Clarey, Tennis; Ex-Champion del Potro Gets Wild Card for U.S. Open, New York Times. (2016) B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Spectroscopy
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Spectrosc.
ISSN (print)0022-2852
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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