How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.A. Hutchings, Collapse and recovery of marine fishes, Nature. 406 (2000) 882–885.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.M. Bell, G.E. Robinson, Genomics. Behavior and the dynamic genome, Science. 332 (2011) 1161–1162.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Duncan, A. Sadanand, L. Davachi, Memory’s penumbra: episodic memory decisions induce lingering mnemonic biases, Science. 337 (2012) 485–487.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Gu, B. Black, S. Ordonez, A. Mondal, A. Jain, S. Mohanty, Microfluidic control of axonal guidance, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.K. Barnes, Exercising Influence, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
A. Makhlouf, E. Paal, S.D. Silvestrov, A. Stolin, eds., Algebra, Geometry and Mathematical Physics: AGMP, Mulhouse, France, October 2011, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Chopra, M.W. Spong, Output Synchronization of Nonlinear Systems with Relative Degree One, in: V.D. Blondel, S.P. Boyd, H. Kimura (Eds.), Recent Advances in Learning and Control, Springer, London, 2008: pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, NASA Successfully Tests 3D-Printed Rocket Parts, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE’s Contractor-Operated Laboratories, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Clavio, Uses and gratifications of Internet collegiate sport message board users, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, British Invasion, Only This Time It’s in Retail, New York Times. (2010) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Spectroscopy
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Spectrosc.
ISSN (print)0022-2852
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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