How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Hilton, Australian science needs more female fellows, Nature. 497 (2013) 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.W. Loehlin, S.B. Carroll, Evolutionary biology: Sex, lies and butterflies, Nature. 507 (2014) 172–173.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Sato, H. Atomi, T. Imanaka, Archaeal type III RuBisCOs function in a pathway for AMP metabolism, Science. 315 (2007) 1003–1006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Kempf, R. Srama, M. Horányi, M. Burton, S. Helfert, G. Moragas-Klostermeyer, M. Roy, E. Grün, High-velocity streams of dust originating from Saturn, Nature. 433 (2005) 289–291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.E. Yaacoub, Z. Dawy, Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
T. Ando, R.E. Curto, I.B. Jung, W.Y. Lee, eds., Recent Advances in Operator Theory and Applications, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M.D. Nissen, S.B. Lambert, D.M. Whiley, T.P. Sloots, Respiratory Infections, in: M. Schuller, T.P. Sloots, G.S. James, C.L. Halliday, I.W.J. Carter (Eds.), PCR for Clinical Microbiology: An Australian and International Perspective, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, River Flows Drop As Carbon Dioxide Creates Thirstier Plants, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Rulemaking: Incomplete Implementation Impaired FAA’s Reform Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Scott, Effects of cultural nutritional education among Hispanic women with diabetes, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, DJ Khaled Spends A 2nd Week on Top, New York Times. (2017) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Spectroscopy
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Spectrosc.
ISSN (print)0022-2852
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles