How to format your references using the Teaching Mathematics and its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R. (2000) HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS: Bulgarians Sue CERN for Leniency. Science, 290, 252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wicherts, J.M. & Scholten, A.Z. (2013) Comment on “Poverty impedes cognitive function.” Science, 342, 1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zorzi, M., Priftis, K., & Umiltà, C. (2002) Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line. Nature, 417, 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rueness, E.K., Stenseth, N.C., O’Donoghue, M., Boutin, S., Ellegren, H., & Jakobsen, K.S. (2003) Ecological and genetic spatial structuring in the Canadian lynx. Nature, 425, 69–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chaudhry, A., Coetsee, D., Bakker, E., Varughese, S., McIlwaine, S., Fuller, C., Rands, E., de Vos, N., Longmore, S., & Balasubramanian, T.V. (2014) 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stella, V.J., Borchardt, R.T., Hageman, M.J., Oliyai, R., Maag, H., & Tilley, J.W. (2007) Prodrugs: Challenges and Rewards Part 1, vol. V. , Biotechnology: Pharmaceutical Aspects. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghezzi, C., Pezzè, M., & Tamburrelli, G. (2013) Improving Interaction with Services via Probabilistic Piggybacking. Service-Oriented Computing: 11th International Conference, ICSOC 2013, Berlin, Germany, December 2-5, 2013, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Basu, S., Pautasso, C., Zhang, L., & Fu, X. eds). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Andrei Linde Receives News About Gravitational Wave Breakthrough. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Federal Research and Development: Contributions to and Results of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program ( No. GAO-01-766R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pence, P.L. (2010) Emotional intelligence, motivation, and retention among undergraduate students attending associate-degree nursing programs in Illinois (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016) Kershaw Delivers His Best Playoff Performance, Leaving Cubs Flustered. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig, 2000; Wicherts & Scholten, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wicherts & Scholten, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rueness et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Mathematics and its Applications
ISSN (print)0268-3679
ISSN (online)1471-6976
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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