How to format your references using the Teaching Mathematics and its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2013) Science’s rightful place is in service of society. Nature, 502, 595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero, C.R. & von Huene R (2000) Subduction erosion along the Middle America convergent margin. Nature, 404, 748–752.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans, L., Püntener, D., & Helenius, A. (2002) Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science, 296, 535–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aungst, J.L., Heyward, P.M., Puche, A.C., Karnup, S.V., Hayar, A., Szabo, G., & Shipley, M.T. (2003) Centre-surround inhibition among olfactory bulb glomeruli. Nature, 426, 623–629.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2003) Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maimon, O. & Rokach, L. (2005) Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Saakov, V.S., Drapkin, V.Z., Krivchenko, A.I., Rozengart, E.V., Bogachev, Y.V., & Knyazev, M.N. (2013) Applicability of the DSHO Method in Work with Pigments of Plants and Animals. Derivative Spectrophotometry and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Spectroscopy for Ecological and Biological Questions (Drapkin, V.Z., Krivchenko, A.I., Rozengart, E.V., Bogachev, Y.V., & Knyazev, M.N. eds). Vienna: Springer, pp. 197–299.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016) Genes Can Have Up To 80% Influence On Students’ Academic Performance. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) B-2 Bomber: Review of the Air Force’s Decision to Change Extremely High Frequency Satellite Communications Antennas ( No. GAO-11-180R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguerrebere, Y. (2009) Case study of home-school visits (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016) Advice, and a Shop, for the Sleep-Deprived. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ranero & von Huene R, 2000; Sarewitz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranero & von Huene R, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Aungst et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Mathematics and its Applications
ISSN (print)0268-3679
ISSN (online)1471-6976
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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