How to format your references using the Teaching Mathematics and its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heuser, J. (2003) Retrospective. “My little spontaneous blips.” Science, 300, 1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenberg, S.A. & Restifo, N.P. (2015) Adoptive cell transfer as personalized immunotherapy for human cancer. Science, 348, 62–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoo, H.I., Barsoum, M.W., & El-Raghy, T. (2000) Ti3SiC2 has negligible thermopower. Nature, 407, 581–582.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kharchenko, P.V., Alekseyenko, A.A., Schwartz, Y.B., Minoda, A., Riddle, N.C., Ernst, J., Sabo, P.J., Larschan, E., Gorchakov, A.A., Gu, T., Linder-Basso, D., Plachetka, A., Shanower, G., Tolstorukov, M.Y., Luquette, L.J., Xi, R., Jung, Y.L., Park, R.W., Bishop, E.P., Canfield, T.K., Sandstrom, R., Thurman, R.E., MacAlpine, D.M., Stamatoyannopoulos, J.A., Kellis, M., Elgin, S.C.R., Kuroda, M.I., Pirrotta, V., Karpen, G.H., & Park, P.J. (2011) Comprehensive analysis of the chromatin landscape in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature, 471, 480–485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choi, N.-E. & Han, J.H. (2015) How Flavor Works. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Maldonado-Maldonado, A. & Bassett, R.M. (2014) The Forefront of International Higher Education: A Festschrift in Honor of Philip G. Altbach, vol. 42. , Higher Education Dynamics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Vande Wouwer, A., Saucez, P., & Vilas, C. (2014) How to Handle Steep Moving Fronts? Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB: Scientific and Engineering Applications (Saucez, P. & Vilas, C. eds). Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 285–337.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017) Astronauts To Grow Space Crystals To Help Medical Drug Development. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Medical Education: Curriculum and Financing Strategies Need to Encourage Primary Care Training ( No. HEHS-95-9). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hankins, S. (2010) A policy analysis of the Americans with Disability Act of 1990 (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016) The Devil Went Down to Chelsea. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heuser, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Heuser, 2003; Rosenberg & Restifo, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosenberg & Restifo, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kharchenko et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Mathematics and its Applications
ISSN (print)0268-3679
ISSN (online)1471-6976
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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