How to format your references using the Teaching Mathematics and its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, W.E. (2009) Evolution. Auxin at the evo-devo intersection. Science, 324, 1652–1653.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaeger, H. & Haas, H. (2004) Harnessing nonlinearity: predicting chaotic systems and saving energy in wireless communication. Science, 304, 78–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kohli, R.M., Walsh, C.T., & Burkart, M.D. (2002) Biomimetic synthesis and optimization of cyclic peptide antibiotics. Nature, 418, 658–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cino, E.A., Killoran, R.C., Karttunen, M., & Choy, W.-Y. (2013) Binding of disordered proteins to a protein hub. Sci. Rep., 3, 2305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akivis, M.A. & Goldberg, V.V. (1996) Conformal Differential Geometry and Its Generalizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Christensen, S.H., Didier, C., Jamison, A., Meganck, M., Mitcham, C., & Newberry, B. (2015) International Perspectives on Engineering Education: Engineering Education and Practice in Context, Volume 1, vol. 20. , Philosophy of Engineering and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bangerter, E., Camenisch, J., & Lysyanskaya, A. (2006) A Cryptographic Framework for the Controlled Release of Certified Data. Security Protocols: 12th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, April 26-28, 2004. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Christianson, B., Crispo, B., Malcolm, J.A., & Roe, M. eds). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 20–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Mathematics and its Applications.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Why Do Wet Dogs Stink So Much? IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina ( No. T-RCED/NSIAD-00-228). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reser, G. (2012) Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2014) Putting the A in STEAM. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jaeger & Haas, 2004; Friedman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaeger & Haas, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Cino et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Mathematics and its Applications
ISSN (print)0268-3679
ISSN (online)1471-6976
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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