How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Bricks & mortar. Nature 430:384
A journal article with 2 authors
Tingley MP, Huybers P (2013) Recent temperature extremes at high northern latitudes unprecedented in the past 600 years. Nature 496:201–205
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarano F, Guimarães A, da Silva JM (2012) Rio+20: Lead by example. Nature 486:25–26
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang X-S, Yang G-X, Jiang H, et al (2013) Mass production of chemicals from biomass-derived oil by directly atmospheric distillation coupled with co-pyrolysis. Sci Rep 3:1120

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharma YC (2011) A Guide to the Economic Removal of Metals from Aqueous Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Li M (2008) An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications, Third Edition. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kashmiri SM, Makinwa KAA (2013) An Electrothermal Frequency Reference in Standard 0.7 μm CMOS. In: Makinwa KAA (ed) Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS. Springer, New York, NY, pp 129–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Fang J (2016) Salamanders In All-Female Populations Regrow Their Tails Faster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Urban Transportation: Challenges to Widespread Deployment of Intelligent Transportation Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De La Cruz E (2014) School social work programing for an elementary school: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Racer Adds a Challenge: Obesity. New York Times B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)0946-2716
ISSN (online)1432-1440
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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