How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking G (2015) Inorganic chemistry: Peculiar boron startles again. Nature 522:297–298
A journal article with 2 authors
Gutnisky DA, Dragoi V (2008) Adaptive coding of visual information in neural populations. Nature 452:220–224
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson KS, Riser SC, Karl DM (2010) Nitrate supply from deep to near-surface waters of the North Pacific subtropical gyre. Nature 465:1062–1065
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cole BE, Williams JB, King BT, et al (2001) Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation. Nature 410:60–63

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labadie N, Prins C, Prodhon C (2016) Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lahusen C, Giugni M (2016) Experiencing Long-Term Unemployment in Europe: Youth on the Edge. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Srividhya KV, Krishnaswamy S (2011) Identification and Analysis of Prophages and Phage Remnants in Soil Bacteria. In: Witzany G (ed) Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 137–160

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Night Owls Have A Higher Risk Of Developing Diabetes Than Early Birds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation Security: TSA Is Enhancing Its Oversight of Air Carrier Efforts to Identify Passengers on the No Fly and Selectee Lists, but Expects Ultimate Solution to Be Implementation of Secure Flight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gross J (2010) High-performance dram system design constraints and considerations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Shawn Mendes, at 18, Scores Second No. 1. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)0946-2716
ISSN (online)1432-1440
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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