How to format your references using the Journal of Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Endy, D., 2005: Foundations for engineering biology. Nature, 438, 449–453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dynek, J. N., and S. Smith, 2004: Resolution of sister telomere association is required for progression through mitosis. Science, 304, 97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, J., R. Wollmann, and S. Lindquist, 2002: Neurotoxicity and neurodegeneration when PrP accumulates in the cytosol. Science, 298, 1781–1785.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Hirata, H., S. Yoshiura, T. Ohtsuka, Y. Bessho, T. Harada, K. Yoshikawa, and R. Kageyama, 2002: Oscillatory expression of the bHLH factor Hes1 regulated by a negative feedback loop. Science, 298, 840–843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann, S., 2010: Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA,.
An edited book
Canelas, A. M. L., 2013: Investment Strategies Optimization based on a SAX-GA Methodology. R.F.M.F. Neves and N.C.G. Horta, Eds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 81 p. 81 illus., 19 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, G., and H. Uszkoreit, 2012: META-NET. The Polish Language in the Digital Age, G. Rehm and H. Uszkoreit, Eds., White Paper Series, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 35–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Climate.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015: Bizarre Caterpillar Shoots Tentacles From Its Back. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977: Problems in the Federal Funding of School Bus Driver Training Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, D. L., 2012: The Challenge Program: A quantitative analysis of strategies designed to eliminate the achievement gap. Lindenwood University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O., 2014: Weekend Entertainments from the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, September 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Endy 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Endy 2005; Dynek and Smith 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dynek and Smith 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirata et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Climate
AbbreviationJ. Clim.
ISSN (print)0894-8755
ISSN (online)1520-0442
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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