How to format your references using the Journal of Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hovers, E., 2015: Archaeology: Tools go back in time. Nature, 521, 294–295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saul, J., and L. Vinnik, 2003: Earth science: Mantle deformation or processing artefact? Nature, 422, 136; discussion 136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Archibald, J. D., A. O. Averianov, and E. G. Ekdale, 2001: Late Cretaceous relatives of rabbits, rodents, and other extant eutherian mammals. Nature, 414, 62–65.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Moore, R. G., and Coauthors, 2007: A surface-tailored, purely electronic, mott metal-to-insulator transition. Science, 318, 615–619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini, H., and M. Abd-El-Barr, 2004: Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Arenas, M., and Coauthors, eds., 2015: The Semantic Web - ISWC 2015: 14th International Semantic Web Conference, Bethlehem, PA, USA, October 11-15, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, XXIV, 675 p. 142 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Duc Le, A., and L. Thi Thu Vu, 2013: Climate Change’s Impact on Natural Hazards in Quang Nam Province, Mid-Central Vietnam. On the Frontiers of Climate and Environmental Change: Vulnerabilities and Adaptations in Central Vietnam, O. Bruun and T. Casse, Eds., Environmental Science and Engineering, Springer, 91–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Climate.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014: Meet Butterfly, A Rare Sheep-Goat Hybrid. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998: Technology Transfer: Administration of the Bayh-Dole Act by Research Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Douet, C., 2010: The influence of an overseas trip to France on high school students studying French, four years after graduation. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and V. Yee, 2017: ‘Dreamers’ to Stay in U.S. for Now, but Their Long-Term Fate Is Unclear. New York Times, June 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hovers 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hovers 2015; Saul and Vinnik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saul and Vinnik 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Moore et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Climate
AbbreviationJ. Clim.
ISSN (print)0894-8755
ISSN (online)1520-0442
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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