How to format your references using the Journal of Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Messersmith, P. B., 2008: Materials science. Multitasking in tissues and materials. Science, 319, 1767–1768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, F. D., and D. R. Kaplan, 2002: Neurobiology. TRK makes the retrograde. Science, 295, 1471–1473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Avitabile, C., L. D. D’Andrea, and A. Romanelli, 2014: Circular Dichroism studies on the interactions of antimicrobial peptides with bacterial cells. Sci. Rep., 4, 4293.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Hiramoto, M., Y. Hiromi, E. Giniger, and Y. Hotta, 2000: The Drosophila Netrin receptor Frazzled guides axons by controlling Netrin distribution. Nature, 406, 886–889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maudlin, T., 2011: Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity. Wiley-Blackwell,.
An edited book
Tombran-Tink, J., and C. J. Barnstable, eds., 2008: Visual Transduction and Non-Visual Light Perception. Humana Press, XI, 509 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaburaki, T., 2015: Ocular Involvement. Behçet’s Disease: From Genetics to Therapies, Y. Ishigatsubo, Ed., Springer Japan, 55–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Climate.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016: How Subtle Changes In Our Bodies Affect Conscious Awareness And Decision Confidence. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014: Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shrank, S. M., 2017: ShareOne: An iOS resource application for caseworkers: A grant proposal. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017: An Upstart Relishes, and Rues, a Showcase. New York Times, January 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Messersmith 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Messersmith 2008; Miller and Kaplan 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Kaplan 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hiramoto et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Climate
AbbreviationJ. Clim.
ISSN (print)0894-8755
ISSN (online)1520-0442
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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