How to format your references using the Journal of Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noller, H., 2013: Carl Woese (1928-2012). Nature, 493, 610.
A journal article with 2 authors
McEvoy, M. A., and N. Correll, 2015: Materials science. Materials that couple sensing, actuation, computation, and communication. Science, 347, 1261689.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kippenberg, T. J., R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, 2011: Microresonator-based optical frequency combs. Science, 332, 555–559.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Zhang, Y.-J., W. Han, Y.-J. Xia, J.-P. Cao, and H. Fan, 2014: Quantum speed limit for arbitrary initial states. Sci. Rep., 4, 4890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah, M., 2011: Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Marriott, N. G., 2008: Sanificazione nell’industria alimentare. R.B. Gravani, Ed. Springer, XVI, 462 pagg pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Narita, M., K. Niikura, A. Yamashita, D. Ikegami, N. Kuzumaki, M. Narita, and T. Suzuki, 2014: Chronic Pain Stimuli Downregulate Mesolimbic Dopaminergic Transmission: Possible Mechanism of the Suppression of Opioid Reward. Neurobiological Studies of Addiction in Chronic Pain States, C.A. Fairbanks and M.P.D.T. J, Eds., Springer, 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Climate.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015: How To Win At Rock-Paper-Scissors With Science. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993: Planning for Education Standards. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farrell, B. M., 2010: Body composition changes and work-efficiency effects from diet modification and incorporation of an at-home exercise regimen. University of Cincinnati, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R., 2017: Brahms Wrote It for His Mother and His Friend Robert. New York Times, May 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noller 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Noller 2013; McEvoy and Correll 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McEvoy and Correll 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Climate
AbbreviationJ. Clim.
ISSN (print)0894-8755
ISSN (online)1520-0442
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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