How to format your references using the Journal of Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cripton, P. A., 2013: Perspective: Protecting the neck. Nature, 503, S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bray, G. A., and L. A. Tartaglia, 2000: Medicinal strategies in the treatment of obesity. Nature, 404, 672–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, M., M. S. Fee, and L. C. Katz, 2003: Encoding pheromonal signals in the accessory olfactory bulb of behaving mice. Science, 299, 1196–1201.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Wisotzki, L., and Coauthors, 2018: Nearly all the sky is covered by Lyman-α emission around high-redshift galaxies. Nature, 562, 229–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon, T., and S. Grossman, 2007: Overcoming Resistant Personality Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Anishchenko, V. S., 2007: Nonlinear Dynamics of Chaotic and Stochastic Systems: Tutorial and Modern Developments. V. Astakhov, T. Vadivasova, A. Neiman, and L. Schimansky-Geier, Eds. Springer, XIII, 446 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Urbanek, A., 2016: Transaction Costs in the IT Project Implementation Illustrated with the Example of Silesian Card of Public Services. Challenge of Transport Telematics: 16th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2016, Katowice-Ustroń, Poland, March 16–19, 2016, Selected Papers, J. Mikulski, Ed., Communications in Computer and Information Science, Springer International Publishing, 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Climate.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014: Leaf-Mining Insects Vanished With Dinosaurs, But Then New Ones Showed Up. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993: Compensatory Education: Additional Funds Help More Private School Students Receive Chapter 1 Services. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson, J.-M. C., 2008: The effect of class size on a teacher’s job satisfaction in a southeastern urban LEA. University of North Carolina, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Green, L. V., 2006: Beds of State. New York Times, December 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cripton 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cripton 2013; Bray and Tartaglia 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bray and Tartaglia 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wisotzki et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Climate
AbbreviationJ. Clim.
ISSN (print)0894-8755
ISSN (online)1520-0442
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles