How to format your references using the Journal of Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kratter, K. M., 2015: Star formation: Sibling rivalry begins at birth. Nature, 518, 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Darios, F., and B. Davletov, 2006: Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids stimulate cell membrane expansion by acting on syntaxin 3. Nature, 440, 813–817.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ismail-Zadeh, A., S. Honda, and I. Tsepelev, 2013: Linking mantle upwelling with the lithosphere descent [corrected] and the Japan Sea evolution: a hypothesis. Sci. Rep., 3, 1137.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Goodman, M. B., G. G. Ernstrom, D. S. Chelur, R. O’Hagan, C. A. Yao, and M. Chalfie, 2002: MEC-2 regulates C. elegans DEG/ENaC channels needed for mechanosensation. Nature, 415, 1039–1042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, R. G., 2014: Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Muneesawang, P., F. Wu, I. Kumazawa, A. Roeksabutr, M. Liao, and X. Tang, eds., 2009: Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2009: 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Bangkok, Thailand, December 15-18, 2009 Proceedings. Springer, XXXVII, 1323 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Zuo, X., J. Blackburn, N. Kourtellis, J. Skvoretz, and A. Iamnitchi, 2014: The Influence of Indirect Ties on Social Network Dynamics. Social Informatics: 6th International Conference, SocInfo 2014, Barcelona, Spain, November 11-13, 2014. Proceedings, L.M. Aiello and D. McFarland, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Climate.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: Gene-Stimulating Molecules Rescue Mice From Drug-Induced Liver Damage. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011: USDA Systems Modernization: Management and Oversight Improvements Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripamer, A. J., 2013: Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Evaluations in the Fort Zumwalt School District. Southern Illinois University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glanz, J., and D. E. Sanger, 2017: Trump, Who Pledged to Overhaul Nuclear Arsenal, Now Faces Higher Costs. New York Times, June 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kratter 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kratter 2015; Darios and Davletov 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Darios and Davletov 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Goodman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Climate
AbbreviationJ. Clim.
ISSN (print)0894-8755
ISSN (online)1520-0442
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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