How to format your references using the IET Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triplett, B.: ‘Astronomers fume over night light’Nature, 2000, 405, (6790), pp. 987–988.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bannister, A.J., Kouzarides, T.: ‘Reversing histone methylation’Nature, 2005, 436, (7054), pp. 1103–1106.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takayanagi, M., Kurisaki, I., Nagaoka, M.: ‘Non-site-specific allosteric effect of oxygen on human hemoglobin under high oxygen partial pressure’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 4601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Genzel, R., Schödel, R., Ott, T., et al.: ‘Near-infrared flares from accreting gas around the supermassive black hole at the Galactic Centre’Nature, 2003, 425, (6961), pp. 934–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartmann, A.K., Weigt, M.: ‘Phase Transitions in Combinatorial Optimization Problems’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005)
An edited book
Mély, Y., Duportail, G. (Eds.): ‘Fluorescent Methods to Study Biological Membranes’ (Springer, 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Schönberger, J., Kopfer, H.: ‘Approaching the Application Borders of Network Capacity Control in Road Haulage’, in Hülsmann, M., Scholz-Reiter, B., Windt, K. (Eds.): ‘Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics: Contributions and Limitations - Theoretical and Practical Perspectives’ (Springer, 2011), pp. 45–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Image Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Lessons From Cuba on Eliminating the Transmission of HIV From Mother to Child’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Electronic Government: Challenges to the Adoption of Smart Card Technology’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynh, T.N.: ‘The healthy eating, aging and living program for older adults at union station homeless services: A grant proposal’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B.: ‘Jets Tell Revis They Plan to Release Him’New York Times, 2017, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Image Processing
AbbreviationIET Image Process.
ISSN (print)1751-9659
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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