How to format your references using the IET Image Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Image Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollen, M.: ‘Cell cycle: It takes three to find the exit’Nature, 2015, 517, (7532), pp. 29–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferdinand, N.K., Opitz, B.: ‘Different aspects of performance feedback engage different brain areas: disentangling valence and expectancy in feedback processing’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5986.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sawamura, H., Shima, K., Tanji, J.: ‘Numerical representation for action in the parietal cortex of the monkey’Nature, 2002, 415, (6874), pp. 918–922.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aizawa, H., Hu, S.-C., Bobb, K., et al.: ‘Dendrite development regulated by CREST, a calcium-regulated transcriptional activator’Science, 2004, 303, (5655), pp. 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, J.R., Peters, J.R.: ‘Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016)
An edited book
Fikentscher, W.: ‘FairEconomy: Crises, Culture, Competition and the Role of Law’ (Springer, 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Sujetovienė, G.: ‘Monitoring Lichen as Indicators of Atmospheric Quality’, in Upreti, D.K., Divakar, P.K., Shukla, V., Bajpai, R. (Eds.): ‘Recent Advances in Lichenology: Modern Methods and Approaches in Biomonitoring and Bioprospection, Volume 1’ (Springer India, 2015), pp. 87–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Image Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘How the Natural World has Helped Influence Culture and Society’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Business Systems Modernization: Strategy for Evolving DOD’s Business Enterprise Architecture Offers a Conceptual Approach, but Execution Details Are Needed’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau, G.A.: ‘Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again’. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J.: ‘Scrutiny of Decorated Detective Raises Specter of Lying as Routine’New York Times, 2017, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Image Processing
AbbreviationIET Image Process.
ISSN (print)1751-9659
ScopeComputer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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