How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Blow, Metagenomics: exploring unseen communities, Nature. 453 (2008) 687–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Rost, J. Revenaugh, Seismic detection of rigid zones at the top of the core, Science. 294 (2001) 1911–1914.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Müller, A. Peters, S. Chu, A precision measurement of the gravitational redshift by the interference of matter waves, Nature. 463 (2010) 926–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Alghamedi, M. Vasiliev, M. Nur-E-Alam, K. Alameh, Spectrally-selective all-inorganic scattering luminophores for solar energy-harvesting clear glass windows, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Raut, M.N.S. Swamy, Modern Analog Filter Analysis and Design, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
P. Nyhuis, Fundamentals of Production Logistics: Theory, Tools and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
E.F. Ruiz-Gálvez, Afghanistan: Why Has Violence Replaced Political Power?, in: J. Ballesteros, E. Fernández Ruiz-Gálvez, P. Talavera (Eds.), Globalization and Human Rights: Challenges and Answers from a European Perspective, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 75–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling.

Blog post
J. Davis, Structures In Fossil Dinosaurs Confirmed To Be Animal Pigments, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Procurement Equipment for St. Louis Postal Data Center, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Xiong, Immuno-Magnetic T Cell Depletion for Allogeneic Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T. by J. Kelly, Boy of Summer, New York Times. (2014) MM43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Graph. Model.
ISSN (print)1093-3263
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Materials Chemistry

Other styles