How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E.L. Rezende, Evolution. Better oxygen delivery, Science. 340 (2013) 1293–1294.
A journal article with 2 authors
T.N. Theis, P.M. Solomon, It’s time to reinvent the transistor!, Science. 327 (2010) 1600–1601.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. White, M. Thompson, T. Barwise, Understanding the thermal evolution of deep-water continental margins, Nature. 426 (2003) 334–343.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Corder, J.A. Douthwaite, D.M. Lees, N.Q. Khan, A.C. Viseu Dos Santos, E.G. Wood, M.J. Carrier, Endothelin-1 synthesis reduced by red wine, Nature. 414 (2001) 863–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Hill, G. Solt, Engineering Money, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
B.-L. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Kwok, eds., Neural Information Processing: 18th International Conference, ICONIP 2011, Shanghai, China, November 13-17, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Sarfaty, Civil Society and Education Advocacy in Ecuador, in: A. Verger, M. Novelli, K. Mundy, A. Eickelberg, L. Grant, S. Hilgersom, J. Hoop, F. van der Plaat, J. Sarfaty (Eds.), Campaigning for “Education for All”: Histories, Strategies and Outcomes of Transnational Advocacy Coalitions in Education, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2012: pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling.

Blog post
J. Davis, Wet Weather May Genuinely Make Chronic Pain Worse, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Review of Yolo County, California, Economic Opportunity Commission Concerning Matters Affecting Local Poverty Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.E. Green, From Hart to Hammerstein: The music of Richard Rodgers and his evolution toward the integrated musical, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Kelly, Postmodern Conveniences, New York Times. (2002) 724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Graph. Model.
ISSN (print)1093-3263
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Materials Chemistry

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