How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.Y. Kwok, Genomics. Genetic association by whole-genome analysis?, Science. 294 (2001) 1669–1670.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Clardy, C. Walsh, Lessons from natural molecules, Nature. 432 (2004) 829–837.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.-S. Hsieh, J. Kovářík, T. Logan, How central are clients in sexual networks created by commercial sex?, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7540.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.P. Chretien, J.C. Gaydos, J.L. Malone, D.L. Blazes, Global network could avert pandemics, Nature. 440 (2006) 25–26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.E. Williams, Immunology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
G. Panico, The Composite Nambu-Goldstone Higgs, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Biggio, S.R. Bulò, I. Pillai, M. Mura, E.Z. Mequanint, M. Pelillo, F. Roli, Poisoning Complete-Linkage Hierarchical Clustering, in: P. Fränti, G. Brown, M. Loog, F. Escolano, M. Pelillo (Eds.), Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, S+SSPR 2014, Joensuu, Finland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, New Evidence That The Universe Is Expanding Faster Than We Expected, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transit Labor Arrangements: Most Transit Agencies Report Impacts Are Minimal, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.K. Chung, The Sophisticated Genetic Diversities of Human Complement Component C4 and RCCX Modules in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, A Glimpse of Vaudeville In a Renovated Movie House, New York Times. (2002) 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Graph. Model.
ISSN (print)1093-3263
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Materials Chemistry

Other styles