How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Ma, Materials science. An electronic second skin, Science. 333 (2011) 830–831.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.W. Redman, I.L. Sargent, Latest advances in understanding preeclampsia, Science. 308 (2005) 1592–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.E. Filchak, J.B. Roethele, J.L. Feder, Natural selection and sympatric divergence in the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella, Nature. 407 (2000) 739–742.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Galanty, R. Belotserkovskaya, J. Coates, S. Polo, K.M. Miller, S.P. Jackson, Mammalian SUMO E3-ligases PIAS1 and PIAS4 promote responses to DNA double-strand breaks, Nature. 462 (2009) 935–939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Samonas, Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
P. Cudré-Mauroux, J. Heflin, E. Sirin, T. Tudorache, J. Euzenat, M. Hauswirth, J.X. Parreira, J. Hendler, G. Schreiber, A. Bernstein, E. Blomqvist, eds., The Semantic Web – ISWC 2012: 11th International Semantic Web Conference, Boston, MA, USA, November 11-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Kätsch, Assessing Landscape Attributes, in: K. von Gadow, T. Pukkala (Eds.), Designing Green Landscapes, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Bronx Zoo Has Two New Gorillas!, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Examination Into Possible Irregularities in the Use of Federal Funds in the Administration of the Chemawa Indian School in Marion County, Oregon], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Tabares, Comprehensive skills program for emancipated foster youth: A grant thesis project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Puerto Rico Aims to Appease Congress With a New Proposal on Its Debt, New York Times. (2016) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Graph. Model.
ISSN (print)1093-3263
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Materials Chemistry

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