How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Yoho, How science fairs shaped my career, Science. 349 (2015) 1578.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Keklikoglou, M. De Palma, Cancer: Metastasis risk after anti-macrophage therapy, Nature. 515 (2014) 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.B. Elsner, J.P. Kossin, T.H. Jagger, The increasing intensity of the strongest tropical cyclones, Nature. 455 (2008) 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Menon, J. Hansen, L. Nazarenko, Y. Luo, Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India, Science. 297 (2002) 2250–2253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Walkenbach, John Walkenbach’s Favorite Excel® 2010 Tips & Tricks, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
S. Reich, Genericity in Nonlinear Analysis, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
V.V. Chistyakov, Modular Contractions and Their Application, in: B. Goldengorin, V.A. Kalyagin, P.M. Pardalos (Eds.), Models, Algorithms, and Technologies for Network Analysis: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Network Analysis, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 65–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling.

Blog post
J. Fang, Binge-Eating Cavefish Could Illuminate Human Obesity, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Traffic Safety: NHTSA’s Improved Oversight Could Identify Opportunities to Strengthen Management and Safety in Some States, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. Negussie, Integration of indigenous knowledge and cultural practices in early childhood care and education programs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: An exploratory case study, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, New York Times. (1994) 1317.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Graph. Model.
ISSN (print)1093-3263
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Materials Chemistry

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