How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bankaitis VA (2002) Cell biology. Slick recruitment to the Golgi. Science 295:290–291
A journal article with 2 authors
Bongaarts J, Over M (2010) Public health. Global HIV/AIDS policy in transition. Science 328:1359–1360
A journal article with 3 authors
Gnone G, Moriconi T, Gambini G (2006) Sleep behaviour: activity and sleep in dolphins. Nature 441:E10-1; discussion E11
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Syassen N, Bauer DM, Lettner M, et al (2008) Strong dissipation inhibits losses and induces correlations in cold molecular gases. Science 320:1329–1331

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond D (2015) Trading as a Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H (eds) (2012) The Basque Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Basu D, Miroshnik V (2016) Chilean Revolution. In: Miroshnik V (ed) Structural Revolution in International Business Architecture: Political Economy: Volume 2. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 41–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Evolution.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Game-Changing Gene Therapy Nullifies Patient’s Sickle Cell Disease. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Safe and Drug-Free Schools: Balancing Accountability With State and Local Flexibility. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al-Alawadhi F (2014) Oral History of Women Educators in Kuwait: A Comparative Model of Care Ethics Between Noddings and Al-Ghazali. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2016) Justifiably, This Buck Stopped With the Chief Executive. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bankaitis 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bankaitis 2002; Bongaarts and Over 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bongaarts and Over 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Syassen et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Evol.
ISSN (print)0022-2844
ISSN (online)1432-1432
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Molecular Biology

Other styles