How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Körding K (2007) Decision theory: what “should” the nervous system do? Science 318:606–610
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis SL, Maslin MA (2015) Defining the anthropocene. Nature 519:171–180
A journal article with 3 authors
Salter MG, Franklin KA, Whitelam GC (2003) Gating of the rapid shade-avoidance response by the circadian clock in plants. Nature 426:680–683
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kaka S, Pufall MR, Rippard WH, et al (2005) Mutual phase-locking of microwave spin torque nano-oscillators. Nature 437:389–392

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman C, Fiore C, Livolsi L, Querro P (2017) Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Li W, Huhns MN, Tsai W-T, Wu W (eds) (2015) Crowdsourcing: Cloud-Based Software Development. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Skubov D, Khodzhaev KS (2008) Oscillations caused by electromagnets. In: Khodzhaev KS (ed) Non-Linear Electromechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 205–252

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Evolution.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Color-Changing Bacteria Could Be Used To Diagnose Gut Diseases From Poop. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Management of Research and Development in Electronics-Communications Equipment Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gray JL (2014) Overcoming the threat of racial stereotyping in the workplace. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE TRANSITION: Packaging the Candidate; The Making of a First Family: a Blueprint. New York Times 11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Körding 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Körding 2007; Lewis and Maslin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewis and Maslin 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaka et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Evol.
ISSN (print)0022-2844
ISSN (online)1432-1432
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Molecular Biology

Other styles