How to format your references using the Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak MA. Five rules for the evolution of cooperation. Science. 2006;314:1560–1563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hespos SJ, Spelke ES. Conceptual precursors to language. Nature. 2004;430:453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Loenhout MTJ, de Grunt MV, Dekker C. Dynamics of DNA supercoils. Science. 2012;338:94–97.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fölling S, Gerbier F, Widera A, et al. Spatial quantum noise interferometry in expanding ultracold atom clouds. Nature. 2005;434:481–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Otto M. Chemometrics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
Marshall K. Pro Active Record: Databases with Ruby and Rails. Pytel C, Yurek J, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Bolotnikov V, Kheifets A. The Higher Order Carathéodory—Julia Theorem and Related Boundary Interpolation Problems. In: Ball JA, Eidelman Y, Helton JW, et al., editors. Recent Advances in Matrix and Operator Theory. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2008. p. 63–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Reveal The First Warm-Blooded Fish [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Performance Management and Strengthen Oversight of the High-Cost Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008. Report No.: GAO-08-633. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol E. Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Ask for a Taco, Not For Lucinda. New York Times. 2008 May 18;NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
AbbreviationIsotopes Environ. Health Stud.
ISSN (print)1025-6016
ISSN (online)1477-2639
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

Other styles