How to format your references using the Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K. Diagnosis: Early warning system. Nature. 2014;513:S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rickaby REM, Halloran P. Cool La Niña during the warmth of the Pliocene? Science. 2005;307:1948–1952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li B, Yu Z-H, Fei S-M. Geometry of quantum computation with qutrits. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2594.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Más P, Kim W-Y, Somers DE, et al. Targeted degradation of TOC1 by ZTL modulates circadian function in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature. 2003;426:567–570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wuestenberg K. Clinical Small Animal Care. Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Lin JC, editor. Advances in Electromagnetic Fields in Living Systems: Volume 5, Health Effects of Cell Phone Radiation. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Fuleihan GE-H. Symptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism Medical Therapy. In: A KMA, Clark OH, editors. Handbook of Parathyroid Diseases: A Case-Based Practical Guide. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Astronomers Have Found New Evidence That We Live In A Void [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: FAA Could Enhance Its Program to Meet Current and Future Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: RCED-92-180. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bearden A. Exploring the Congruency between Mission and Practice in a Pre-K-12, Midwestern, Christian School [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser B, Walsh MW. Ramapo Official Charged in Securities Fraud Case. New York Times. 2016 Apr 15;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
AbbreviationIsotopes Environ. Health Stud.
ISSN (print)1025-6016
ISSN (online)1477-2639
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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