How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helmuth L (2000) NEUROSCIENCE: Where the Brain Monitors the Body. Science 290:1668a
A journal article with 2 authors
Gamlin PD, Yoon K (2000) An area for vergence eye movement in primate frontal cortex. Nature 407:1003–1007
A journal article with 3 authors
Bluestone JA, Herold K, Eisenbarth G (2010) Genetics, pathogenesis and clinical interventions in type 1 diabetes. Nature 464:1293–1300
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kranendijk M, Struys EA, van Schaftingen E, et al (2010) IDH2 mutations in patients with D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria. Science 330:336

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon P, Brousse T, Favier F (2017) Supercapacitors Based on Carbon or Pseudocapacitive Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Langhorne J (ed) (2005) Immunology and Immunopathogenesis of Malaria, 297th edn. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Roht-Arriaza N (2014) Reparations and Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. In: Sharp DN (ed) Justice and Economic Violence in Transition. Springer, New York, NY, pp 109–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Structures.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Questions No One Knows The Answers To. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/questions-no-one-knows-answers/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Space Station: Actions Under Way to Manage Cost, but Significant Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Urshel CL (2006) The Technical Adequacy of Standards-Derived Curriculum-Based Measures for Reading Comprehension and Math Computation in Middle School. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosen J (2012) Who Do They Think You Are? New York Times MM40

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helmuth 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gamlin and Yoon 2000; Helmuth 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gamlin and Yoon 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kranendijk et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Structures
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Struct.
ISSN (online)2193-2409
Scope

Other styles