How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Brien K (2015) CLIMATE CHANGE. Political agency: The key to tackling climate change. Science 350:1170–1171
A journal article with 2 authors
Sepúlveda J, Murray C (2014) The state of global health in 2014. Science 345:1275–1278
A journal article with 3 authors
Scatena LF, Brown MG, Richmond GL (2001) Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science 292:908–912
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cattin M-F, Bersier L-F, Banasek-Richter C, et al (2004) Phylogenetic constraints and adaptation explain food-web structure. Nature 427:835–839

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes T (2013) Constantine. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Kartikeyan S (2007) HIV and AIDS: Basic Elements and Priorities. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Pacchione M, Hombergsmeier E (2009) Hybrid Metal Laminates for Low Weight Fuselage Structures. In: Pantelakis S, Rodopoulos C (eds) Engineering Against Fracture: Proceedings of the 1st Conference. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 41–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Why Did Tutankhamun Have A Dagger Made From A Meteorite? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M (2009) Perception of Latino students by teachers and counselors in the educational system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D (1995) IN SHORT: FICTION. New York Times 720

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Power Syst. Clean Energy
ISSN (print)2196-5625
ISSN (online)2196-5420
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles