How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khalil AM (2009) Journal club. A geneticist views two theories of X-chromosome inactivation in a broad context. Nature 458:263
A journal article with 2 authors
Sorensen EJ, Sammis GM (2004) Chemistry. A dash of proline makes things sweet. Science 305:1725–1726
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell JA, Thomas SN, Swartz MA (2009) Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature 462:449–460
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Byrnes T, Koyama S, Yan K, Yamamoto Y (2013) Neural networks using two-component Bose-Einstein condensates. Sci Rep 3:2531

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Vreeswijk M, Broersen J, Schurink G (2014) Mindfulness and Schema Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK
An edited book
Camussi R (2013) Noise Sources in Turbulent Shear Flows: Fundamentals and Applications, 1st ed. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Brezinski C, Tournès D (2014) Other works of Cholesky. In: Tournès D (ed) André-Louis Cholesky: Mathematician, Topographer and Army Officer. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 123–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Millions of Dog Mummies Discovered in Catacombs of Anubis. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Air Traffic Control: Role of FAA’s Modernization Program in Reducing Delays and Congestion. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darnell C (2017) Sharecropping in Higher Education: Case Study of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University - Florida State University Joint College of Engineering. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Suffolk Schools to Say Goodbye to DARE. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Power Syst. Clean Energy
ISSN (print)2196-5625
ISSN (online)2196-5420
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles