How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Guan J-L (2004) Cell biology. Integrins, rafts, Rac, and Rho. Science 303:773–774
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zucker I, Beery AK (2010) Males still dominate animal studies. Nature 465:690
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Skourti-Stathaki K, Kamieniarz-Gdula K, Proudfoot NJ (2014) R-loops induce repressive chromatin marks over mammalian gene terminators. Nature 516:436–439
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gorelik LY, Isacsson A, Galperin YM, et al (2001) Coherent transfer of Cooper pairs by a movable grain. Nature 411:454–457

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Coles A, Hawkins DG (2011) MIDAS Technical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Membrey P (2009) The Definitive Guide to CentOS. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wang Z (2011) Study of System Intuition by Noetic Science Founded by QIAN Xuesen. In: Hu B, Liu J, Chen L, Zhong N (eds) Brain Informatics: International Conference, BI 2011, Lanzhou, China, September 7-9, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 28–28

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Create Artificial Neuron that Functions Like the Real Thing. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-create-artificial-neuron-functions-real-thing/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Space Station: U.S. Life-Cycle Funding Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yuan J (2012) Two Essays on Asset Pricing. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2016) The Sideline as Studio. New York Times C17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Power Syst. Clean Energy
ISSN (print)2196-5625
ISSN (online)2196-5420
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles