How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nathan C (2008) Microbiology. An antibiotic mimics immunity. Science 322:1337–1338
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chudinovskikh L, Boehler R (2001) High-pressure polymorphs of olivine and the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature 411:574–577
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kobayashi S, Goto-Yamamoto N, Hirochika H (2004) Retrotransposon-induced mutations in grape skin color. Science 304:982
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Rivalan P, Delmas V, Angulo E, et al (2007) Can bans stimulate wildlife trade? Nature 447:529–530

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kimberlin L, zur Linden A, Ruoff L (2016) Atlas of Clinical Imaging and Anatomy of the Equine Head. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Kazimierski Z (2016) Externally Heated Valve Engine: A New Approach to Piston Engines, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jiang T, Feng J (2013) Algorithms in Computational Biology. In: Jiang R, Zhang X, Zhang MQ (eds) Basics of Bioinformatics: Lecture Notes of the Graduate Summer School on Bioinformatics of China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 151–161

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2016) Costa Rica Has Been Running On 100% Renewable Electricity For 76 Days... And Counting. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/costa-rica-has-been-running-on-100-renewable-electricity-for-76-days-and-counting/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Security: Challenges Exist in Stabilizing and Enhancing Passenger and Baggage Screening Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Park A (2009) Borderland beyond: Korean migrants and the creation of a modern state boundary between Korea and Russia, 1860-1937. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McGEEHAN P, Santora M (2016) Chaos and Terror for Commuters After Train ‘Flew Through the Air.’ New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Power Syst. Clean Energy
ISSN (print)2196-5625
ISSN (online)2196-5420
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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