How to format your references using the IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Physical paradoxes,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6949, p. 705, Aug. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. K. Boss and M. R. Thomas, “Association of dwarfism and floral induction with a grape ‘green revolution’ mutation,” Nature, vol. 416, no. 6883, pp. 847–850, Apr. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. V. Fedorov, C. M. Brierley, and K. Emanuel, “Tropical cyclones and permanent El Niño in the early Pliocene epoch,” Nature, vol. 463, no. 7284, pp. 1066–1070, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Muhar et al., “SLAM-seq defines direct gene-regulatory functions of the BRD4-MYC axis,” Science, vol. 360, no. 6390, pp. 800–805, May 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. H. Rogstad, A. Mileant, and T. T. Pham, Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
G. Dzemyda, Multidimensional Data Visualization: Methods and Applications, vol. 75. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Zhou, Z. Luo, Y. Zhu, and M. Fang, “Mercury Control and Mercury Stability in Byproducts,” in Mercury Emission and its Control in Chinese Coal-Fired Power Plants, Z. Luo, Y. Zhu, and M. Fang, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 105–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Why Ocean Energy Needs A Cyberinfrastructure To Thrive,” IFLScience, Apr. 09, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Army Accounting Adjustments--Aviation Systems Command,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AFMD-92-103ML, Aug. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Spezia, “Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfers in Porous Media,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. A. Weaver, “Why Do They Go?,” New York Times, p. MM42, Apr. 14, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Veh. Technol. Mag.
ISSN (print)1556-6072
ScopeAutomotive Engineering

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