How to format your references using the Journal of Minimal Access Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gormley WT Jr. From science to policy in early childhood education. Science. 2011 Aug 19;333(6045):978–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillon J, Yakir D. Influence of carbonic anhydrase activity in terrestrial vegetation on the 18O content of atmospheric CO2. Science. 2001 Mar 30;291(5513):2584–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sund J, Andér M, Aqvist J. Principles of stop-codon reading on the ribosome. Nature. 2010 Jun 17;465(7300):947–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Myong S, Cui S, Cornish PV, Kirchhofer A, Gack MU, Jung JU, et al. Cytosolic viral sensor RIG-I is a 5’-triphosphate-dependent translocase on double-stranded RNA. Science. 2009 Feb 20;323(5917):1070–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaul S, Ali F, Janakiram S, Wattenström B. Business Models for Sustainable Telecoms Growth in Developing Economies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Mavron VC. Elements of Mathematics for Economics and Finance. Phillips TN, editor. London: Springer; 2007. X, 312 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadjab H, Arbia A, Boulekfouf O. The Use of Ultrasonic Waves and Analytical Modeling to Estimate Elasticity Modulus of Rubber Concrete Specimen. In: Öchsner A, Altenbach H, editors. Design and Computation of Modern Engineering Materials. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 49–57. (Advanced Structured Materials).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. Drone Captures Amazing Footage Of A Tornado [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded Math and Science Materials. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Oct. Report No.: GAO-01-81R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rehan TY. Analysis of Life-Cycle Cost, Properties, and Field Performance of Parking Lot Pavements [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Currie A, Hay G. Protracted Wait for G.M. Payback. New York Times. 2010 Nov 5;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimal Access Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Access Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-9941
ISSN (online)1998-3921

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