How to format your references using the Journal of Minimal Access Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mac Low MM. From gas to stars over cosmic time. Science. 2013 Jun 28;340(6140):1229229.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nadeau RM, McEvilly TV. Periodic pulsing of characteristic microearthquakes on the San Andreas fault. Science. 2004 Jan 9;303(5655):220–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gibbs MJ, Armstrong JS, Gibbs AJ. Recombination in the hemagglutinin gene of the 1918 “Spanish flu.” Science. 2001 Sep 7;293(5536):1842–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lee JE, Fusco ML, Hessell AJ, Oswald WB, Burton DR, Saphire EO. Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor. Nature. 2008 Jul 10;454(7201):177–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McSween TE. Values-Based Safety Process. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Bailey SE, Hublin JJ, editors. Dental Perspectives on Human Evolution: State of the Art Research in Dental Paleoanthropology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. XXVIII, 411 p. (Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Friesen N, Feenberg A, Smith G, Lowe S. Experiencing Surveillance. In: Feenberg A, Friesen N, editors. (Re)Inventing The Internet: Critical Case Studies. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 73–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. Scientists Have Measured A Black Hole, And It Has A Mass Of 660 MILLION Suns [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/high-precision-measurements-massive-black-hole/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Air Taxis--The Most Accident-Prone Airlines--Need Better Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: RCED-92-60.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pierre RR. A Phenomenological Study of the Boomerang-Employment Experience of Scientists and Engineers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. O.K., Google, Take a Deep Breath. New York Times. 2012 Apr 29;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimal Access Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Access Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-9941
ISSN (online)1998-3921
ScopeSurgery

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