How to format your references using the Journal of Minimal Access Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Balter M. Cancer research. Transatlantic war over BRCA1 patent. Science. 2001 Jun 8;292(5523):1818.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Krüger F, Ohrnberger M. Tracking the rupture of the Mw = 9.3 Sumatra earthquake over 1,150 km at teleseismic distance. Nature. 2005 Jun 16;435(7044):937–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Santos FC, Santos MD, Pacheco JM. Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games. Nature. 2008 Jul 10;454(7201):213–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fennimore AM, Yuzvinsky TD, Han W-Q, Fuhrer MS, Cumings J, Zettl A. Rotational actuators based on carbon nanotubes. Nature. 2003 Jul 24;424(6947):408–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bragg SM. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Lines M, editor. Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Economics. Vienna: Springer; 2005. VII, 231 p. 90 illus. (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures; vol. 476).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ardagna CA, Cremonini M, Damiani E, De Capitani di Vimercati S, Samarati P. Location Privacy Protection Through Obfuscation-Based Techniques. In: Barker S, Ahn G-J, editors. Data and Applications Security XXI: 21st Annual IFIP WG 113 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, July 8-11, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 47–60. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Missouri Bill Would Allow Students To “Opt-Out” of Learning Evolution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/missouri-bill-would-allow-students-“opt-out”-learning-evolution/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Should Evaluate the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Lifeline Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Jun. Report No.: GAO-15-638T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cai S. 3D Numerical Modeling of Dry/Wet Contact Mechanics for Rough, Multilayered Elastic-Plastic Solid Surfaces and Effects of Hydrophilicity/Hydrophobicity During Separation with Applications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Binder S. A Disaster Wrapped In Victory. New York Times. 2017 May 8;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimal Access Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Access Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-9941
ISSN (online)1998-3921
ScopeSurgery

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