How to format your references using the Journal of Minimal Access Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrari R. Ocean science. A frontal challenge for climate models. Science. 2011 Apr 15;332(6027):316–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro M, Gull K. A pol I transcriptional body associated with VSG mono-allelic expression in Trypanosoma brucei. Nature. 2001 Dec 13;414(6865):759–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wuchty S, Jones BF, Uzzi B. The increasing dominance of teams in production of knowledge. Science. 2007 May 18;316(5827):1036–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tomatsu K, Nakatsuji K, Iimori T, Takagi Y, Kusuhara H, Ishii A, et al. An atomic seesaw switch formed by tilted asymmetric Sn-Ge dimers on a Ge (001) surface. Science. 2007 Mar 23;315(5819):1696–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner M. Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Strumia R, editor. Eating Disorders and the Skin. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XI, 116 p. 28 illus., 26 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Yu TH, Fuller BW, Bannick JH, Rossey LM, Cunningham RK. Integrated Environment Management for Information Operations Testbeds. In: Goodall JR, Conti G, Ma K-L, editors. VizSEC 2007: Proceedings of the Workshop on Visualization for Computer Security. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 67–83. (Mathematics and Visualization).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery.

Blog post
Davis J. Australian Rabbits Adapting To Eat Plants Thought To Be Too Toxic [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High-Definition Television: Applications for This New Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-90-9FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton C. Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Court Limits Protection Against Improper Entry. New York Times. 2006 Jun 16;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimal Access Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Access Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-9941
ISSN (online)1998-3921

Other styles