How to format your references using the Journal of Minimal Access Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scanlan D. Ecology. Bacterial vesicles in the ocean. Science. 2014 Jan 10;343(6167):143–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sauvageau G, Humphries RK. Medicine. The blood stem cell Holy Grail? Science. 2010 Sep 10;329(5997):1291–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Valkenburgh B, Wang X, Damuth J. Cope’s rule, hypercarnivory, and extinction in North American canids. Science. 2004 Oct 1;306(5693):101–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kamnaksh A, Budde MD, Kovesdi E, Long JB, Frank JA, Agoston DV. Diffusion tensor imaging reveals acute subcortical changes after mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury. Sci Rep. 2014 May 2;4:4809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beaumont WRC. Electricity in fish research and management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Braedel-Kühner C. Re-thinking Diversity: Multiple Approaches in Theory, Media, Communities, and Managerial Practice. 1st ed. 2016. Müller A, editor. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2016. VI, 305 p. (Management – Culture – Interpretation).
A chapter in an edited book
Du D, Jiang B, Shi P. Sensor Fault Estimation and Accommodation for Discrete-Time Switched Systems. In: Jiang B, Shi P, editors. Fault Tolerant Control for Switched Linear Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 47–60. (Studies in Systems, Decision and Control).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Rise and Demise of a Super-Armoured ‘Monster Worm’ From Ancient China [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress on Efforts, but Inventories and Plans Need to Be Completed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jul. Report No.: GAO-12-742.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mihalas ST. Positive protective factors as moderators in the relationship between relational victimization and depression in minority adolescents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Alicia Keys Is the Talk Of Her Old Neighborhood. New York Times. 2002 Feb 24;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimal Access Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Access Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-9941
ISSN (online)1998-3921

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