How to format your references using the Journal of Minimal Access Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manners I. Materials science. Putting metals into polymers. Science. 2001 Nov 23;294(5547):1664–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lynch M, Conery JS. The origins of genome complexity. Science. 2003 Nov 21;302(5649):1401–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesvorný D, Vokrouhlický D, Bottke WF. The breakup of a main-belt asteroid 450 thousand years ago. Science. 2006 Jun 9;312(5779):1490.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mathew G, Mitchell A, Down JM, Jacobs LA, Hamdy FC, Eaton C, et al. Nuclear targeting of dystroglycan promotes the expression of androgen regulated transcription factors in prostate cancer. Sci Rep. 2013 Sep 30;3:2792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Unmehopa M, Vemuri K, Bennett A. Parlay/OSA. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Mohr B, Träff JL, Worringen J, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 13th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting Bonn, Germany, September 17-20, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XVI, 416 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4192).
A chapter in an edited book
Coetzee L. Global Tools Enhance Local Exchange through Community Currency in an Alternate Economy. In: Dey B, Sorour K, Filieri R, editors. ICTs in Developing Countries: Research, Practices and Policy Implications. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Minimal Access Surgery.

Blog post
Davis J. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016. Last 5 Years Were Hottest On Record, Leading To Loss Of Life And High Economic Costs.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. New Ways of Preparing Data for Computers Could Save Money and Time and Reduce Errors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Jul. Report No.: FGMSD-78-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shibata CL. Building positive body image in adolescent girls: An evaluation of a body image prevention program [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey. New York Times. 2017 Jan 11;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Minimal Access Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Minim. Access Surg.
ISSN (print)0972-9941
ISSN (online)1998-3921

Other styles