How to format your references using the Neuropsychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychopharmacology (NPP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Atkinson QD. Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa. Science. 2011;332:346–349.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM. Materials science. All that glitters need not be gold. Science. 2015;347:1308–1310.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Takeuchi H, Nakatsuji N, Suemori H. Endodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to insulin-producing cells in 3D culture. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4488.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Calamia V, Mateos J, Fernández-Puente P, Lourido L, Rocha B, Fernández-Costa C, et al. A pharmacoproteomic study confirms the synergistic effect of chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Anderson JB. Bandwidth Efficient Coding. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Molinari E. Mente e cuore: Clinica psicologica della malattia cardiaca. Milano: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Debru C. On the Relationship between Neuroscience and Philosophy: the Case of Sleep and Dreaming. In: Galavotti MC, Nemeth E, Stadler F, editors. European Philosophy of Science – Philosophy of Science in Europe and the Viennese Heritage, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 57–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychopharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Most Horrifying (And Awesome) Creepy-Crawlies In The World. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/most-horrifying-and-awesome-creepy-crawlies-world/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dobson EC. Elizabeth C. Dobson Consulting and Design: A business plan for aging-in-place resources. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kanter J. E.U. Moves to Set Up Military Training. New York Times. 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychopharmacology
AbbreviationNeuropsychopharmacology
ISSN (print)0893-133X
ISSN (online)1470-634X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Pharmacology

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