How to format your references using the Neuropsychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuropsychopharmacology (NPP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pearson H. Epidemiology: Study of a lifetime. Nature. 2011;471:20–24.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Panchanathan K, Boyd R. Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem. Nature. 2004;432:499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cook DJ, Teves L, Tymianski M. Treatment of stroke with a PSD-95 inhibitor in the gyrencephalic primate brain. Nature. 2012;483:213–217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hao B, Gong W, Ferguson TK, James CM, Krzycki JA, Chan MK. A new UAG-encoded residue in the structure of a methanogen methyltransferase. Science. 2002;296:1462–1466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Block T, Eggert H, Kauschke W. Lager im Bauwesen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Chen Q, Hameurlain A, Toumani F, Wagner R, Decker H, editors. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 26th International Conference, DEXA 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 1-4, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. vol. 9262. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yusnita MA, Paulraj MP, Yaacob S, Shahriman AB, Yusuf R, Fadzilah MN. Robustness Analysis of Feature Extractors for Ethnic Identification of Malaysian English Accents Database. In: Yacob NA, Mohamed M, Megat Hanafiah MAK, editors. Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology, Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuropsychopharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Inside The Colorful World Of Animal Vision. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/inside-colorful-world-animal-vision/. Accessed 30 October 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Standard Definitions: Missing and Needed Software Tools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Edwards CD. Migration: Lighting to evoke human responses. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times. 2011:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuropsychopharmacology
AbbreviationNeuropsychopharmacology
ISSN (print)0893-133X
ISSN (online)1470-634X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Pharmacology

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