How to format your references using the Seminars in Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Konner M. Bad words. Nature 2001;411:743.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Smith ER, Mackie DM. Behavior. Surprising emotions. Science 2009;323:215–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Braunschweig H, Radacki K, Schneider A. Oxoboryl complexes: boron-oxygen triple bonds stabilized in the coordination sphere of platinum. Science 2010;328:345–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rokas A, Williams BL, King N, Carroll SB. Genome-scale approaches to resolving incongruence in molecular phylogenies. Nature 2003;425:798–804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Levitin V. High Temperature Strain of Metals and Alloys. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Topolov VY. Electromechanical Properties in Composite Based on Ferroelectrics. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chattopadhyay S, Mitra M, Sengupta S. Harmonics. In: Mitra M, Sengupta S, editors. Electric Power Quality, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 17–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Astronomers Discover Brightest and Furthest Pulsar Yet. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-discover-brightest-and-furthest-pulsar-yet-/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Challenges with Partner Agency and FAA Coordination Continue, and Efforts to Integrate Near-, Mid-, and Long-term Activities Are Ongoing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zimmerman KL. Perceived and preferred organizational culture on behavior intentions in the hospitality industry. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. Physical Therapy and the Camaraderie of Healing. New York Times 2009:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0895-7967
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

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