How to format your references using the Seminars in Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May M. Antibiotics. Nature 2014;509:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholl B, Priebe NJ. Neuroscience: The cortical connection. Nature 2015;518:306–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Normark S, Nilsson C, Normark BH. Microbiology. A pathogen attacks while keeping up defense. Science 2005;307:1211–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Arzberger P, Schroeder P, Beaulieu A, Bowker G, Casey K, Laaksonen L, et al. Science and government. An international framework to promote access to data. Science 2004;303:1777–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yao Y, Liu S. Ultrasonic Technology for Desiccant Regeneration. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Hashim H, Reynard J, Cowan NC, Wood D, Armenakas N, editors. Urological Emergencies In Clinical Practice. 2nd ed. 2013. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kokubun Y, Kato T. Series-Coupled and Parallel-Coupled Add/Drop Filters and FSR Extension. In: Chremmos I, Schwelb O, Uzunoglu N, editors. Photonic Microresonator Research and Applications, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010, p. 87–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. Robotic Exoskeleton Lifts 50 Kilos Per Hand. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Energy and Science Reports and Testimony: 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laskey E. Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Red Sox Muster a Threat After Porcello Stumbles, but the Indians Hold On. New York Times 2016:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0895-7967
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles