How to format your references using the Seminars in Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bohannon J. The Science Hall of Fame. Science 2011;331:143.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Farzadfard F, Lu TK. Synthetic biology. Genomically encoded analog memory with precise in vivo DNA writing in living cell populations. Science 2014;346:1256272.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhurov V, Terzin T, Grbić M. Early blastomere determines embryo proliferation and caste fate in a polyembryonic wasp. Nature 2004;432:764–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Savina MR, Davis AM, Tripa CE, Pellin MJ, Gallino R, Lewis RS, et al. Extinct technetium in silicon carbide stardust grains: implications for stellar nucleosynthesis. Science 2004;303:649–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Singh J. Functional Software Size Measurement Methodology with Effort Estimation and Performance Indication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Malyshkin V, editor. Parallel Computing Technologies: 10th International Conference, PaCT 2009, Novosibirsk, Russia, August 31-September 4, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5698. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Debats NB, Kingma I, Beek PJ, Smeets JBJ. The Precision of “Haptic” Rod Length Perception Is Reduced by Lack of Visual Precision. In: Isokoski P, Springare J, editors. Haptics: Perception, Devices, Mobility, and Communication: International Conference, EuroHaptics 2012, Tampere, Finland, June 13-15, 2012 Proceedings, Part II, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 19–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Explainer: What Is Gene Doping – And Will Any Athletes At Rio 2016 Have Tried It? IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cervantes-Kelly MD. Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. In Seeking Taxes, New York Challenges India and Mongolia in U.S. Supreme Court. New York Times 2007:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0895-7967
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

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