How to format your references using the Seminars in Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Barabási A-L. The origin of bursts and heavy tails in human dynamics. Nature 2005;435:207–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ebert DH, Greenberg ME. Activity-dependent neuronal signalling and autism spectrum disorder. Nature 2013;493:327–37.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhang W, Kawamata H, Liu K. CH stretching excitation in the early barrier F + CHD3 reaction inhibits CH bond cleavage. Science 2009;325:303–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Perfit MR, Cann JR, Fornari DJ, Engels J, Smith DK, Ridley WI, et al. Interaction of sea water and lava during submarine eruptions at mid-ocean ridges. Nature 2003;426:62–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Birla R. Introduction to Tissue Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Antsaklis PJ. A Linear Systems Primer. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Henne B, Kater C, Smith M. On Usable Location Privacy for Android with Crowd-Recommendations. In: Holz T, Ioannidis S, editors. Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 7th International Conference, TRUST 2014, Heraklion, Crete, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 74–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. One-Off Legal Sale Of Ivory Stockpiles Led To A Dramatic Increase In Elephant Poaching. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/oneoff-legal-sale-of-ivory-stockpiles-led-to-a-dramatic-increase-in-elephant-poaching/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Building Partner Capacity: Actions Needed to Strengthen DOD Efforts to Assess the Performance of the Regional Centers for Security Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Becker LA. Noncredit to credit transitions: The role of cultural capital and habitus for adult immigrant learners in the community college. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. Schwarzenegger Won’t Return to ‘Celebrity Apprentice.’ New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0895-7967
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

Other styles