How to format your references using the Seminars in Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Benford G. Taking control. Nature 2000;406:462.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jarosz DF, Lindquist S. Hsp90 and environmental stress transform the adaptive value of natural genetic variation. Science 2010;330:1820–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kim J-E, Chen J, Lou Z. DBC1 is a negative regulator of SIRT1. Nature 2008;451:583–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gomberg J, Bodin P, Larson K, Dragert H. Earthquake nucleation by transient deformations caused by the M = 7.9 Denali, Alaska, earthquake. Nature 2004;427:621–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chu L-Y, Wang W. Microfluidics for Advanced Functional Polymeric Materials. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Askoxylakis I, Ioannidis S, Katsikas S, Meadows C, editors. Computer Security – ESORICS 2016: 21st European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Heraklion, Greece, September 26-30, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. vol. 9878. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wildenauer H, Mičušík B, Vincze M. Efficient Texture Representation Using Multi-scale Regions. In: Yagi Y, Kang SB, Kweon IS, Zha H, editors. Computer Vision – ACCV 2007: 8th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Tokyo, Japan, November 18-22, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Long Term Memories May Not Be Stored In Synapses Afterall. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/long-term-memories-may-not-be-stored-synapses-afterall/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Healthcare.gov: Contract Planning and Oversight Practices Were Ineffective Given the Challenges and Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Igbojekwe SC. Development of Environmental Friendly Cement for Oil and Gas Well Application. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. A Bar (Yes, a Bar) Helps Revive a Neighborhood. New York Times 2002:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0895-7967
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

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