How to format your references using the Seminars in Vascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Vascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith C. Genomics: genotyping gets up to speed. Nature 2005;435:992.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Greene CH, Pershing AJ. Oceans. Climate drives sea change. Science 2007;315:1084–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Beaber JW, Hochhut B, Waldor MK. SOS response promotes horizontal dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes. Nature 2004;427:72–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sánchez-Lavega A, Pérez-Hoyos S, Rojas JF, Hueso R, French RG. A strong decrease in Saturn’s equatorial jet at cloud level. Nature 2003;423:623–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chin E, Nel D, Ólafsson S. Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Jensen K, Aalst WMP van der, Billington J, editors. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency I. vol. 5100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sukhoivanov IA, Guryev IV. Band Structure Computation of 1D Photonic Crystals. In: Guryev IV, editor. Photonic Crystals: Physics and Practical Modeling, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 41–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Vascular Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. New Fossil Suggests More Variety Among The Oldest Extinct Penguins. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-fossil-suggests-more-variety-among-the-oldest-extinct-penguins/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001 (S. 250). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Maloney JL. Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. How Hulu And ‘Tale’ Revived 2 Careers. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Vascular Surgery
AbbreviationSemin. Vasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0895-7967
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Surgery

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