How to format your references using the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alley RB. Geochemistry. “C”ing Arctic climate with black ice. Science 2007;317:1333–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson TD, Bar-Anan Y. Psychology. The unseen mind. Science 2008;321:1046–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang G, Kennedy MJ, Christie-Blick N. Stable isotopic evidence for methane seeps in Neoproterozoic postglacial cap carbonates. Nature 2003;426:822–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Turelli P, Mangeat B, Jost S, Vianin S, Trono D. Inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication by APOBEC3G. Science 2004;303:1829.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Institute of Management and Administration (IOMA). Cost Reduction and Control Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Bennetzen JL, Hake S, editors. Handbook of Maize: Genetics and Genomics. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmauder S, Mishnaevsky L Jr. Complex, Graded and Interpenetrating Microstructures. In: Mishnaevsky L, editor. Micromechanics and Nanosimulation of Metals and Composites: Advanced Methods and Theoretical Concepts, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 213–310.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure.

Blog post
Davis J. Environmental Factors Experienced By A Man Could Impact His Grandchildren. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cooper J. Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow in a Porous Media Using Python. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. In the East Village, an Unusual Bid to Fix Up a Firehouse . . . New York Times 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure
AbbreviationJ. Microsc. Ultrastruct.
ISSN (print)2213-879X

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