How to format your references using the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell J. Planetary science. Tip of the Martian iceberg? Science 2002;297:60–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackenzie AP, Grigera SA. Physics. A quantum critical route to field-induced superconductivity. Science 2005;309:1330–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Teng F-Z, Dauphas N, Helz RT. Iron isotope fractionation during magmatic differentiation in Kilauea Iki lava lake. Science 2008;320:1620–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang G-M, Cheng C-F, Jiang W, Lu Z-T, Purtschert R, Sun Y-R, et al. Analysis of 85Kr: a comparison at the 10 -14 level using micro-liter samples. Sci Rep 2013;3:1596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Inness P, Dorling S. Operational Weather Forecasting. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Richesson RL, Andrews JE, editors. Clinical Research Informatics. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Schulze H, Semeniak D, Balduini A. Impact of the Megakaryocytic Vascular Niche on Platelet Biogenesis. In: Schulze H, Italiano J, editors. Molecular and Cellular Biology of Platelet Formation: Implications in Health and Disease, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 93–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure.

Blog post
Andrew E. Electric Spoon Zaps Taste Onto Your Tongue. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: HHS Has Several Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but Needs to Address Key Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson A. Instructional Practices in Physical Education Programs for Students with Disabilities. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Hidden Treasures Of the Food Industry. New York Times 2007:14NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure
AbbreviationJ. Microsc. Ultrastruct.
ISSN (print)2213-879X

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