How to format your references using the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Long MD. GEOPHYSICS. How mountains get made. Science 2015;349:687–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Overpeck J, Udall B. Climate change. Dry times ahead. Science 2010;328:1642–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Coyte KZ, Schluter J, Foster KR. The ecology of the microbiome: Networks, competition, and stability. Science 2015;350:663–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Young L, Kanter EP, Krässig B, Li Y, March AM, Pratt ST, et al. Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays. Nature 2010;466:56–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Arteaga R, Hyland J. Pivot. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Liebscher A, Münch U, editors. Geological Storage of CO2 – Long Term Security Aspects: GEOTECHNOLOGIEN Science Report No. 22. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Radebaugh R. Microscale Heat Transfer at Low Temperatures. In: Kakaç S, Vasiliev LL, Bayazitoğlu Y, Yener Y, editors. Microscale Heat Transfer Fundamentals and Applications: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Microscale Heat Transfer — Fundamentals and Applications in Biological and Microelectromechanical Systems Cesme-Izmir, Turkey 18–30 July 2004, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 93–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Being A Psychopath Is A Good Thing, As Long As You’re A Charmer. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/being-a-psychopath-is-a-good-thing-as-long-as-youre-a-charmer/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Joint Planning and Development Office: Progress and Key Issues in Planning the Transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Jurka J. The importance of being a complement: CED effects revisited. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Horowitz J, Alderman L. Angry at E.U., Greece Warms to China’s Cash. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure
AbbreviationJ. Microsc. Ultrastruct.
ISSN (print)2213-879X
Scope

Other styles