How to format your references using the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Wang Q. Nuclear safety lies in greater transparency. Nature 2013;494:403.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hedges SB, Kumar S. Genomics. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science 2002;297:1283–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Song C, Wang P, Makse HA. A phase diagram for jammed matter. Nature 2008;453:629–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dejea CM, Fathi P, Craig JM, Boleij A, Taddese R, Geis AL, et al. Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis harbor colonic biofilms containing tumorigenic bacteria. Science 2018;359:592–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Carter M, Bentley SP. Soil Properties and their Correlations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Nalbantis G. The Demand for International Football Telecasts in the United States. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Droste-Franke B, Carrier M, Kaiser M, Schreurs M, Weber C, Ziesemer T. Specific Economic Problems and Uncertainties in the Context of Energy Systems. In: Carrier M, Kaiser M, Schreurs M, Weber C, Ziesemer T, editors. Improving Energy Decisions: Towards Better Scientific Policy Advice for a Safe and Secure Future Energy System, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 141–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Antarctic Temperatures Reach Record Highs. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/antarctic-temperature-record-broken/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Army Aviation: Modernization Strategy Needs to Be Reassessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Chahine J. Social workers’ perceptions of individuals who use drugs and alcohol problematically. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Tankersley J. Federal Debt Is Not Reduced By Gains in Market. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure
AbbreviationJ. Microsc. Ultrastruct.
ISSN (print)2213-879X
Scope

Other styles