How to format your references using the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Reichhardt T. NASA’s new environmental satellite shows its sensitive side. Nature 2000;404:913.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mangalam M, Karve SM. ANIMAL COGNITION. Comment on “Number-space mapping in the newborn chick resembles humans’’ mental number line".” Science 2015;348:1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Thommes EW, Matsumura S, Rasio FA. Gas disks to gas giants: simulating the birth of planetary systems. Science 2008;321:814–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Caputo A, Caci E, Ferrera L, Pedemonte N, Barsanti C, Sondo E, et al. TMEM16A, a membrane protein associated with calcium-dependent chloride channel activity. Science 2008;322:590–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Strome TL. Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Dupas C, Houdy P, Lahmani M, editors. Nanoscience: Nanotechnologies and Nanophysics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cioffi J, Jagannathan S, Lee W, Zou H, Chowdhery A, Rhee W, et al. Greener Copper with Dynamic Spectrum Management. In: Wang C, editor. AccessNets: Third International Conference on Access Networks, AccessNets 2008, Las Vegas, NV, USA, October 15-17, 2008. Revised Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 62–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Watch A “Ring Of Fire” Solar Eclipse Live From Africa. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-a-ring-of-fire-solar-eclipse-live-from-africa/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Credit Reporting Literacy Survey Data, an E-supplement to GAO-05-223. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Machula M. Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Chatting With Bowie. New York Times 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure
AbbreviationJ. Microsc. Ultrastruct.
ISSN (print)2213-879X
Scope

Other styles